Law provisions open doors for development

While the laws on investment, enterprises, and funding under the public-private partnership model are appreciated by local and foreign stakeholders. 

They also await additional guiding documents to manoeuvre their projects effectively and safely through the legal landscape.

1527 p6 law provisions open doors for development

Safety and compliance are just two of the main factors directing freedom of business in the country

The new laws on enterprises, investment, and investment under the public-private partnership model, passed by the National Assembly in June 2020 and took effect on January 1, are all components of Vietnam’s revised economic institutions.

Nguyen Dinh Cung, a member of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Group, however noted that the initial provisions of these laws “were still sketchy”, as enterprises could only do business in areas that the state allowed. In the future, Cung said, enterprises could “participate in many more sectors as the state slowly opens up.”

Four factors

Investment and business are now based on the pillars of freedom of business, equality in activities, safety in operations, and compliance costs. In today’s Vietnam, freedom of business is relatively high, but “enterprises still lack reliable tools to protect their interests and rights,” Cung pointed out.

For example, large-scale inspections can cause businesses to shut down. Vietnam already has a Law on Inspection that regulates such operations, thereby helping to avoid arbitrary actions or abuse of authority of agencies and officials. However, overlaps with other laws still exist.

Up to now, Cung said that policies and enforcement risks are still high and complex, leaving many businesses in an unpredictable situation that makes even complying with the law a challenge.

The cost of compliance, although significantly reduced, also remains high, according to annual reports on the Provincial Competitiveness Index. Moreover, the reduction of compliance costs is only enabled by administrative reforms as there is no suitable institution to systematically reduce such costs.

Many businesses that want to implement investment projects “do not know where to start, and which regulations should be implemented first,” Cung explained. Complicated regulations on procedures for implementing projects may have caused many businesses to give up and halt their investments. While a project may only take 6-12 months to complete, some companies have not completed their investment procedures for several years, thus missing out on opportunities and facing increasing costs and lost profits.

With procedures for licensing projects often leading to conflicts because of overlaps and ambiguities, “investors are practically scared away from taking on new projects,” Cung said. “As a result, they may not dare to engage in large-scale investment projects and rather focus on smaller endeavours.”

As the investment and business laws move into effect, Cung said that the biggest challenge is now complying with them, citing some industries’ remaining limitations in business freedom such as in legal services, finance and banking, and other areas.

Finding the way

 

“The new laws largely focus on defining what kind of businesses can be participated in, while the question of how to execute these properly and in compliance with the law remains to be considered,” Cung argued.

A survey by the Central Institute for Economic Management under the Ministry of Planning and Investment across many localities showed that to carry out procedures related to an investment project, it usually takes businesses from six months to three years.

This lengthy time is required to carry out land, construction, and environmental procedures in licensing activities, which deprives business often from apparent opportunities and increases costs while reducing possible profits. Those shortcomings have been pointed out by analysts previously but still exist, with some even arguing that they tend to increase.

Among such limitations, procedures for implementing investment projects are related to a system of nine different laws, regulating investment, construction, land, and environmental issues, thus creating several barriers for enterprises to execute their projects.

Dau Anh Tuan, head of the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s Legal Department, said that there is still room for further reforms of investment procedures. “The new Law on Investment solves many problems for businesses, but how they can actually apply the law’s provisions will largely depend on the guiding decrees that are to be issued soon,” Tuan said.

Meanwhile, the new Law on Enterprises continues to reform business registrations towards the protection of low-capital investors. Yet, there remain debates about the mechanisms for business households as well as price appraisal regulations and other issues.

Policy analysts believe that there are three groups of significant issues that need to be remedied to guarantee the highest efficiency in Vietnam’s investment and business environment. They relate to market entry procedures; how to manage import-export procedures like customs and specialised management; and procedures for investments.

“It is necessary to tackle these various issues as they represent a real bottleneck within the business and investment environment, currently hindering the mobilisation and disbursement of investment capital,” Cung of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Group said.

Vu Tien Loc - Chairman, Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Last year saw policy highlights that were highly appreciated by the business community. In particular, the completion and amendments of several policies marked a real breakthrough changing the seemingly difficult regulations to promote the development of private economic groups. However, the business community remains concerned about the new laws as the applied concepts in them are seen by some as outdated, with market entry conditions still facing many problems, and the implementation and promulgation of some policies not being consistent.

For example, there is an unreasonable increase in corporate compliance costs, typically intended for sublicences for drivers in the transport business, as well as increased business conditions in price appraisals.

In addition, despite many reforms, the regulations on market entry still contain inadequate regulations on business conditions and administrative procedures.

Nguyen Sy Dung - Director, Vietnam Mediation Centre

As the new laws are enacted, businesses begin to understand how they will directly affect them, including their real impacts and risks.

Currently, the biggest problems come from overlapping business laws. If we comply with one law, it may be against another. Some enterprises have not completed procedures for establishing their factory for more than three years as there are contradicting issues in the Law on Investment and the Land Law.

The solution to these problems is to change the mindset and revise the law-making process so that the legal flow is supporting the flow of life.

If state agencies use and react to the opinions of enterprises, Vietnam’s legislative activities will become more effective. Solving businesses’ day-to-day issues will also improve the investment and business environment.

Le Dinh Vinh - Manager, Vietthink Law Firm

Through the amendments to the Law on Investment, many new points have contributed to solving problems in the application of the law, thus enabling a better life for business owners and investors while meeting international integration needs.

The amendments and supplements to the new law solve practical requirements and are highly appreciated by investors. However, there are still problems that have not met their expectations, and it is necessary to continue to review, amend, and complete relevant laws to synchronise them with the new provisions of the Law on Investment 2020.

The government should issue decrees guiding the new contents of the law so that those regulations will come to life. Enterprises meanwhile should keep their expectations low as regulations can also be removed again. They should, however, continue to research all relevant laws to enable smooth business operations.

David Salt - COO, Logivan Technologies

With its large, young population and strong economic growth, Vietnam is an attractive place to do business – and the latest regulatory changes represent another positive step for the country.

Many businesses work primarily with electronic documents, and therefore, increasing the official recognition affords greater legal protection.

At Logivan, like at many other startups, we try to maximise our utilisation of electronic documents for fast and flexible communication between customers, suppliers, and also colleagues.

Logivan works with over 60,000 truck drivers – so electronic contracts allow us to update pricing, routes, and terms of service quickly and efficiently.

We want to be a paper-free organisation, so we will continue moving in that direction as quickly as legislation and other collaborators allow.

As Eric Ries describes in his bestselling book The Lean Startup, the chance of succeeding with a new product or business model depends on the number of experiments a startup can perform with the funds available. Electronic documents have a double benefit by reducing the time to create them and test a new business idea while also saving cost.

While these changes are a positive step forward, I believe there is still more that could be done on a regulatory level to further advance business and investment.

Compared to many other countries, there are large administrative requirements for companies to comply with relevant legislation. This reduces the speed and adds cost at an early stage – usually before the business even reaches profitability.

Therefore, I look forward to the government continuing to build on these reforms and investigating – perhaps in collaboration with Vietnamese startups – new ideas to improve the business ecosystem in Vietnam.

Hai Anh (VIR)

Amended investment law eases pathway to carrying out big business in Vietnam

Amended investment law eases pathway to carrying out big business in Vietnam

Together with the Law on Enterprises, the new Law on Investment took effect on January 1, with the latter aiming at creating a favourable legal framework to support and promote investment activities and economic development, 

Legal standing increased with enterprise law

Legal standing increased with enterprise law

As the new Law on Enterprises comes with comprehensive adjustments to the issuance of shares, preferential rights for existing shareholders, and simplifies participation of foreign players in the market, 

 
 

Other News

.
Capital market must work to invigorate SOEs
Capital market must work to invigorate SOEs
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

Developing the capital market will help in promoting State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) to mobilize capital and reduce the proportion of commercial credit loans, and diversify in forms of mobilization to supplement capital.

Prices surge on stock market, VN Index reaches record high
Prices surge on stock market, VN Index reaches record high
FEATUREicon  05/04/2021 

Many new investors have made high profits after the stock market reached a record high.

Vuong leaves Vinmart, Quang takes over
Vuong leaves Vinmart, Quang takes over
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

Billionaire Nguyen Dang Quang will build The CrownX into a $10 billion firm and change the name of VinMart to WinMart, which will follow a new operation model after Vingroup, owned by Pham Nhat Vuong, leaves.

VIETNAM BUSINESS NEWS APRIL 5
VIETNAM BUSINESS NEWS APRIL 5
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

Manufacturing, processing maintains strong growth in Q1

Da Nang warns about property speculators
Da Nang warns about property speculators
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

The Da Nang Department of Natural Resources and Environment has warned that the tricks of several property speculators could drive up land prices in the central city after recent announcements of adjusted master planning.

Vietnam’s manufacturing sector strengthens in March
Vietnam’s manufacturing sector strengthens in March
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

Vietnam’s manufacturing sector gained growth pace at the end of the first quarter, with marked increases in output, new orders and exports, leading to stronger rises in employment and purchasing activity, according to a report by tIHS Markit.

Vietnam earns $11bil from agricultural exports
Vietnam earns $11bil from agricultural exports
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

In the first quarter, agricultural products such as rubber, tea, vegetables, cassava, shrimp and forestry products earned high export value, bringing total export turnover of agricultural products to nearly US$11 billion.

Field-mouse meat more expensive than pork, wild vegetables pricier than US beef
Field-mouse meat more expensive than pork, wild vegetables pricier than US beef
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

The price of field-mouse meat in the Mekong Delta is now higher than that of pork. And in Hanoi, wild vegetables cost more than imported beef bacon, or 10 times more than chicken.

Tier system revamped for high-tech strategy
Tier system revamped for high-tech strategy
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

Driven by its digital transformation strategy, Vietnam will set more favourable standards for high-tech businesses’ recognition from next month in a move to develop the country into a high-tech hub.

For natural development of the Mekong Delta
For natural development of the Mekong Delta
BUSINESSicon  04/04/2021 

Resolution 120 on sustainable development of the Mekong Delta issued three years ago has helped create “living with nature” methods as targeted.

Night businesses on Bui Vien Street suffer heavy losses
Night businesses on Bui Vien Street suffer heavy losses
BUSINESSicon  04/04/2021 

Business owners on Bui Vien pedestrian street in downtown Ho Chi Minh City are suffering from a lack of customers due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Ministries tighten land management to prevent 'land fever'
Ministries tighten land management to prevent 'land fever'
BUSINESSicon  04/04/2021 

The Ministry of Construction (MoC) and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) have requested provinces and cities review State management on land prices amid 'land fever' in some localities.

New trading system in place this year: HoSE
New trading system in place this year: HoSE
BUSINESSicon  04/04/2021 

The new information technology system for the entire stock market, known as KRX, is expected to be put into operation this year, according to the Ho Chi Minh Stock Exchange (HoSE).

Vietnam raises US$1.7 billion via government bonds in Q1
Vietnam raises US$1.7 billion via government bonds in Q1
BUSINESSicon  04/04/2021 

As of March, the total value of G-bonds reached more than VND1,340 trillion ($58.3 billion), slightly down 0.7% against late 2020.

Stock market size on HOSE reaches nearly 71 percent of GDP
Stock market size on HOSE reaches nearly 71 percent of GDP
BUSINESSicon  04/04/2021 

Vietnam’s stock market capitalisation on Ho Chi Minh Stock Exchange (HOSE) as of March 31 skyrocketed 93.56 percent year-on-year to more than 4.46 quadrillion VND (193.72 billion USD), HOSE said.

Bull market might continue this week: experts
Bull market might continue this week: experts
BUSINESSicon  05/04/2021 

Vietnam's stock market recorded a week-long rally with the benchmark breaking through 1,200 points and continuously hitting new highs.

Retail industry strives to exploit US$200-billion market
Retail industry strives to exploit US$200-billion market
BUSINESSicon  03/04/2021 

The Vietnamese market had a spectacular leap in scale last year, becoming one of the 16 most successful emerging economies in the world. In which, the retail sector was extremely attractive and full of potentials, with lots of room for development.

Markets blacklisted for selling counterfeit goods
Markets blacklisted for selling counterfeit goods
BUSINESSicon  03/04/2021 

The US Trade Representative (USTR) office has blacklisted Vietnam's well-known markets in its 2020 review, for reasons of counterfeiting goods. Dong Xuan Market in Hanoi and Ben Thanh Market in HCMC have been named on the USTR blacklist. 

Steadying the economic ship
Steadying the economic ship
BUSINESSicon  04/04/2021 

Despite numerous challenges making dents in all trade and investment activities, Vietnam’s economic growth quality has seen significant improvements over the past five years in general,

Car dealers begin clearance sales, reduce prices by up to VND100 million
Car dealers begin clearance sales, reduce prices by up to VND100 million
BUSINESSicon  03/04/2021 

Car sale agents have launched promotion programs in an effort to clear stock, but the price reductions are lower than those in the same period last year.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN