As Vietnam employs unprecedented measures to recover from the economic ravages of the COVID-19 pandemic with hastened disbursement of public investment, supervision must be enhanced to prevent profiteering, politicians have warned.
This was highlighted in the report of the National Assembly (NA) Economic Committee sent to the NA Standing Committee to prepare for its 45th meeting that began on May 8.
The economic report revealed the total value of support packages for production, business and social welfare was estimated at 600 trillion VND (25.8 billion USD).
The figure included 256.6 trillion VND of fiscal support from the State budget, 16.2 trillion VND in refinancing from the State Bank of Vietnam, 9.5 trillion VND from the Vietnam Social Insurance, 300 trillion VND from credit institutions, 11 trillion VND from Vietnam Electricity and 15 trillion VND from telecommunications companies.
Such moves were unprecedented support in Vietnam to ease the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and accelerate economic recovery, the committee said.
The fiscal support policies were issued in good time but there could be a lag for them to take hold because it would take time to issue guidelines to ensure the policies benefit the targeted groups, the committee said.
Noting that most of the support was in the form of cash, the committee urged supervision to be enhanced to prevent profiteering.
Regarding monetary and credit policies, the committee said more detailed instructions were needed to speed up loan restructuring and reduce lending rates. Restructured loans now account for just about 10 percent of the total outstanding loans affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Many businesses were still facing difficulties in accessing loans with preferential rates due to requirements about mortgages, proving COVID-19'’s damages to their business and their cash flow for payment, thus, the policy remained not effective as hoped.
Statistics showed that despite the launching of the support package worth 165 trillion VND in loans with preferential rates, total outstanding loans as of April 10 posted a month-on-month decrease of 0.53 percent. Only 22.4 percent of 354,286 debtors managed to access preferential credit packages.
Notably, the economic committee said room for further cuts in lending interest rates was modest and there was a risk of bad debts rising after the pandemic. “The rate cuts and loosening monetary policies could weigh on inflation and exchange rates in the medium term,” the report said.
Support in capital sources, such as from the credit guarantee fund for small and medium-sized enterprises, would be important for businesses, the committee said.
Widen budget deficit if necessary
According to the committee, in any economic scenarios, achieving a growth rate of 6.8 percent would be a big challenge.
However, a recession would not be likely as the Government’s success in controlling the spread of the virus, timely issuing of economic stimulus package together with flexible monetary policy and fiscal policy had helped increase the economy’s resistance against shocks.
While other investment sources slowed down, increasing disbursement of public investment which was planned at nearly 700 trillion VND this year would be effective to accelerate post-pandemic economic growth, the committee said, adding that if necessary, the budget deficit should be widened more than the planned ratio of 3.44 percent of gross domestic product this year.
The focus must be planned on maintaining the macro-economic stability, controlling inflation, stabilising the financial and monetary market as well as the banking system.
Prices of products under the Government’s management should not be increased this year, the committee added./.VNA