Choose railways or airports

Many provinces have proposed building their own airports, but if there are high-speed rail routes, many people will not choose to fly a 300-500km distance.

High-speed rail is more convenient than air

In 2017, during a business trip in Japan, when moving from Tokyo to Osaka, Le Minh Tuan from Hanoi chose to take the Shinkansen high-speed train instead of a plane.

Although the flight time from Narita Airport (Tokyo) to Kansai International Airport (Osaka) is only 1.5 hours compared to 2.5 hours by Shinkansen, overall Shinkansen train is still convenient and more time saving than flying.

Chọn đường sắt hay sân bay-1

High-speed rail will attract passengers of airlines

“Flight time only takes 1.5 hours but it takes time to go to the airport, check in and baggage consignment… So the total time is longer than using Shinkansen high-speed rail. Shinkansen runs smoothly, has full services, and has wifi, so passengers can work on the train. The train operates absolutely punctually. There is no delay or flight cancellation like taking flights,” Tuan said.

Tuan's choice is nothing new to people in developed countries. But in Vietnam, if traveling a distance of 600 km (from Hanoi to Hue or Da Nang), most people choose to fly because it is more convenient and much faster.

Because of the convenience of airlines, many provinces want to have airports to facilitate travel, attract investment, and promote socio-economic development, and tourism.

Ninh Binh province is located close to Hanoi, with a convenient highway system. The time to Hanoi’s Noi Bai International Airport or the Tho Xuan airport (Thanh Hoa province) is only slightly more than one hour, but it still wants to build its own airport.

Many provinces have proposed having their own airports because there is no high-speed railway. However, if there is a high-speed railway system in the next 10 years, then many localities near Hanoi with the high-speed railway passing through will not need an airport.

General Director of the Vietnam Railway Corporation Vu Anh Minh said that when there is a railway with a speed of 200 km per hour or more, no one will fly from Hanoi to Vinh (Nghe An). At that time, railway stations will connect via roads, and people will just need to go to railway stations to take a trip.

Even for the long haul from Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City, which is now considered one of the four most air dynamic routes in the world, according to experts, when there is a North - South high-speed railway, the number of air passengers will significantly decrease.

Be cautious investing in airports

Chọn đường sắt hay sân bay-2

Can Tho airport

While many provinces want to build their own airports from now to 2050, only six out of the current 26 airports in the country are working at a profit, including Noi Bai, Tan Son Nhat, Da Nang, Cam Ranh, Lien Khuong, and Phu Bai. The remaining airports are operating at a loss.

Can Tho International Airport was built more than 10 years ago, but on its peak day, the airport only welcomes 10 flights. At the time this airport was built, the authorities identified that 12 provinces in the Mekong Delta with 20 million people needed to have a regional airport. But when it was put into operation, few people chose to travel by air.

Deputy Minister of Transport Nguyen Ngoc Dong noted that local governments must carefully calculate when building an airport because investment in airports is huge. If an airport does not operate fully, losses are obvious.

 

A developed country like Japan does not build many airports but instead focuses on developing high-speed rail. If compared with investment in the airport, construction of high-speed rail is more efficient.

High-speed railway required

According to Vietnam’s railway development strategy to 2020, with a vision to 2050, part of the North-South high-speed railway would be put into operation.

Under the plan, Vietnam would study the construction of a new high-speed railway line with the gauge of 1435 mm, prepare conditions for the construction of routes connecting Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, and the sections Hanoi - Vinh, Ho Chi Minh City - Nha Trang would be built first.

Chọn đường sắt hay sân bay-3

The consortium of TEDI - TRICC - TEDIS consultants assesses that by 2030, if Vietnam only focuses on investment in road, aviation, waterways and upgrading the existing railway, it will fail to meet transport demand.

The transport capacity then will lack about 100,000 passengers and 34,000 tons of cargo per day and night.

With the outstanding advantages of capacity and transport speed over medium and long distances (average annual carrying capacity of 100 -140 million passengers), high-speed rail fully meets the transport demand.

If there is a high-speed railway, the distribution of population will be more reasonable. People will not flock to major city centers such as Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, and localities will attract better investment, creating more jobs, and contributing to reasonable population allocation, reducing pressure on big cities.

The high-speed railway project is being studied by several ministries before it is submitted to the Government for consideration and then to the Politburo and the National Assembly for approval.

Previously, the Ministry of Transport submitted to the Prime Minister a pre-feasibility study report for the North-South high-speed railway project with a length of more than 1,500km passing through 20 provinces and cities, with total investment of $58.71 billion, designed speed of 350 km/h, operating speed of 320km/h, and divided into two phases of construction.

Phase 1 is scheduled in 2020-2032 with a total capital of $24.7 billion and phase 2 is in 2032-2050, with total capital of $34 billion.

Vu Diep

Solving VN railways' construction deadlock

Solving VN railways' construction deadlock

Integrating national and inter-regional railways with an urban transport system is a direction that can be chosen by megacities like Hanoi.

Why does Vietnam not develop airports en masse?

Why does Vietnam not develop airports en masse?

Following numerous requests made by localities nationwide to the Ministry of Transport about their desire to build airports, concerns have been raised by the public and economic experts regarding their feasibility and economic efficiency.

 
 

Other News

.
Electricity prices still not falling despite oversupply
Electricity prices still not falling despite oversupply
FEATUREicon  27/05/2021 

The Electricity of Vietnam’s (EVN) latest report showed that the Covid-19 pandemic has led to a decrease in electricity demand. The real electricity output in 2020 was 247 billion kwh and the additional charge growth rate was 3 percent.

Goods face strict customs inspections as smugglers continue to violate laws
Goods face strict customs inspections as smugglers continue to violate laws
FEATUREicon  27/05/2021 

The General Department of Customs (GDC) said that risks in transit services continue to exist as smugglers try to carry prohibited goods into Vietnam.

Vietnam's post-pandemic economy
Vietnam's post-pandemic economy
FEATUREicon  27/05/2021 

As the Covid-19 pandemic persists, Vietnam's economy will still face many difficulties, but the country has the potential to increase productivity and develop at a higher rate than many other countries.

Share prices rise, strong cash flow emerges
Share prices rise, strong cash flow emerges
FEATUREicon  26/05/2021 

Vietnam’s stock market made a spectacular breakthrough in the first months of the year with the VN Index staying at the 1,200 point threshold and some blue-chip prices strongly increasing.

Vietnam considers tracking bracelets for quarantined persons
Vietnam considers tracking bracelets for quarantined persons
FEATUREicon  26/05/2021 

The Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) wants people to wear a tracking wristband during and after their concentrated quarantine period. The estimated production cost is $35.

Taxing unoccupied villas: one solution for creating fair housing market
Taxing unoccupied villas: one solution for creating fair housing market
FEATUREicon  26/05/2021 

A reasonable taxation policy is expected to help settle several problems, including excessive investment in high-end apartment and villa projects, and speculation buying.

Hard-hit bsinesses still paying high interest on loans
Hard-hit bsinesses still paying high interest on loans
FEATUREicon  25/05/2021 

The latest Covid-19 outbreak has pushed enterprises into new difficulties at a time when it is nearly impossible to access cheap capital sources.

Litchis sell well on e-commerce sites
Litchis sell well on e-commerce sites
FEATUREicon  26/05/2021 

Nguyen Van Lan’s 2-hectare litchi orchard in Luc Ngan district in Bac Giang province is ready for harvest. However, he still doesn’t know what to do to sell all the 40-50 tons of litchis amid the Covid-19 outbreak.

Tourism sector suffers another hit from recent Covid outbreak
Tourism sector suffers another hit from recent Covid outbreak
FEATUREicon  25/05/2021 

Businesses have sustained a new blow from the fourth recurrence of Covid-19.

People's spirit in fighting Covid-19
People's spirit in fighting Covid-19
FEATUREicon  25/05/2021 

Recently, some businessmen told me that they are willing to contribute money to the Government to buy vaccines against the SARS-CoV-2 virus if the Government launches a fund to supplement the budget shortage.

KPIs for National Assembly deputies considered
KPIs for National Assembly deputies considered
FEATUREicon  24/05/2021 

The National Assembly should study and develop a set of key performance indicators (KPIs) of delegates, including qualitative and quantitative values.

Vietnamese litchis: five years of waiting for the nod to enter Japan
Vietnamese litchis: five years of waiting for the nod to enter Japan
FEATUREicon  22/05/2021 

In mid-June, Vietnam’s litchis officially hit the supermarket shelves in Japan, priced at VND500,000 per kilogram and selling out after several hours.

"Tiger" mom in Hanoi helps daughter win Harvard scholarship
"Tiger" mom in Hanoi helps daughter win Harvard scholarship
FEATUREicon  22/05/2021 

Ngoc is very sparing with her praise. She said that compliments may make her kids conceited and believe they are good enough and don't need to continue to study.

Vietnam’s universities keen to 'go digital'
Vietnam’s universities keen to 'go digital'
FEATUREicon  22/05/2021 

Truong Tien Tung, former rector of the Hanoi Open University, one of the first schools going digital with 15,000 students following online courses, said he was familiar with the concept of ‘open education’ and ‘distance education’ as early as 1994.

Hanoi expands suburban areas, aims for sustainable development
Hanoi expands suburban areas, aims for sustainable development
FEATUREicon  22/05/2021 

Urban development in the 1960s and 1970s in Singapore and Seoul could be valuable lessons for Hanoi to map out its sustainable development.

Five female provincial Party Committee Secretaries run for National Assembly election
Five female provincial Party Committee Secretaries run for National Assembly election
FEATUREicon  21/05/2021 

Five female provincial Party Committee Secretaries have made strong commitments and shown their priority issues while running for election to the 15th National Assembly (NA).

Former rector says universities should share lesson plans, resources to improve quality
Former rector says universities should share lesson plans, resources to improve quality
FEATUREicon  25/05/2021 

Educators in Vietnam need to share resources, materials and experiences to enhance educational outcomes, said Do Van Dung, former rector of the HCMC University of Technology and Education.

20 years for Vietnam to become rich and strong
20 years for Vietnam to become rich and strong
FEATUREicon  24/05/2021 

If developing countries do not make breakthroughs during the golden population period, they will find it difficult to overcome the middle-income trap to become developed countries.

VN e-commerce platforms may lose home ground
VN e-commerce platforms may lose home ground
FEATUREicon  24/05/2021 

Vietnamese businesses need to prepare and move ahead to win the e-commerce race.

Renowned duckling ‘staff’ hang out at florist shop
Renowned duckling ‘staff’ hang out at florist shop
FEATUREicon  22/05/2021 

The pair of lovely ducks has become a source of joy for traders and children in a corner of Thiec market.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN