Chinese ships violating Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone

Survey vessel Haiyang Dizhi 8 and other coastguard ships of China are operating around the Vanguard Bank in the East Sea, which is a blatant violation of international law as the area is within Vietnam’s 200-nautical-mile EEZ.

Chinese ships violating Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone
A cluster of DK1 rigs within Vietnam’s 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone – PHOTO: NDO

In an article on the Voice of Vietnam radio’s website, Le Nghiem, the former head of the Ministry of Information and Communications’ Department of External Information, cited Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Le Thi Thu Hang as saying that the Chinese vessels recently violated Vietnam’s EEZ and continental shelf in the south of the East Sea.

The area belongs to Vietnam, in line with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), of which both Vietnam and China are members.

Violation of Vietnam’s sovereignty, jurisdiction

Under the provisions of the International Law on EEZs, the geological exploration of Haiyang Dizhi 8 in Vietnam’s EEZ violates almost all the provisions of the 1982 UNCLOS on the rights and obligations of related parties.

In case the vessel’s activity aims to explore oil and gas reserves at the seabed of the EEZ, which is also the continental shelf of Vietnam, it would be an infringement of Vietnam’s sovereignty rights.

If the geological exploration aims to undertake scientific research, whether for peaceful purposes or not, it would still violate Vietnam’s jurisdiction over its EEZ.

Also, it undermines the peace and security of the sea region and affects the freedom of travel and economic operations of Vietnam and other countries, which have obtained Vietnam’s permission to operate there.

Nghiem said that China does not have any legal waters overlapping with Vietnam’s DK1 rigs, including the Vanguard Bank. This is a marine area planned under the 1982 UNCLOS, and is not in dispute with any country, especially China.

The fact that China claims exclusive control over all waters inside a “nine-dash line” that passes through 60% of Vietnam’s sea is completely illegal and is not recognized by international laws. In other words, the recent violation turns Vietnam’s undisputed waters into a disputed area.

 

The arbitral tribunal’s verdict on a dispute between the Philippines and China, which is an international legal document that explains the 1982 UNCLOS, had flatly rejected the nine-dash line.

The tribunal had concluded that there was no legal basis for China to claim historic rights to resources within the maritime areas falling within the nine-dash line.

U.S. opposes Chinese interference in oil and gas activity in East Sea

In a statement on July 20, the United States Department of State has expressed concern over reports of China’s interference with oil and gas activities in the South China Sea (SCS), which Vietnam calls the East Sea, including Vietnam’s long-standing exploration and production activities.

“China’s repeated provocative actions aimed at the offshore oil and gas development of other claimant states threaten regional energy security and undermine the free and open Indo-Pacific energy market,” stated the department.

As U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said earlier this year, “by blocking development in the SCS through coercive means, China prevents ASEAN members from accessing more than US$2.5 trillion in recoverable energy reserves.”

China’s reclamation and militarization of disputed outposts in the East Sea, along with other efforts to assert its unlawful maritime claims, including the use of maritime militia to intimidate, coerce, and threaten other nations, undermine the peace and security of the region.

China’s growing pressure on ASEAN countries to accept the Code of Conduct provisions that seek to restrict their right to partner with third-party companies or countries further reveals its intent to assert control over oil and gas resources in the sea.

“The United States firmly opposes coercion and intimidation by any claimant to assert its territorial or maritime claims. China should cease its bullying behavior and refrain from engaging in this type of provocative and destabilizing activity,” the department stated. SGT

 
 

Other News

.
China’s “grey zone” tactic in East Sea
China’s “grey zone” tactic in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  20/11/2019 

Experts on the East Sea say China’s “grey zone” strategy provokes tension in order to control most of the East Sea.

Europe steps up security presence in East Sea
Europe steps up security presence in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  19/11/2019 

Growing economic interest in the East Sea has led the European Union and its member states to pay more attention to the region, according to an Italian expert. 

World experts voice over East Sea issues again
World experts voice over East Sea issues again
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  18/11/2019 

Discussions at the event help address the heat of conflicts which threaten the regional security.

Vietnam rejects China’s statement on sovereignty over Truong Sa
Vietnam rejects China’s statement on sovereignty over Truong Sa
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  13/11/2019 

Vietnam rejects all the contents regarding Vietnam of the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson’s statement on sovereignty over Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelago on November 8.

UNCLOS – important legal instrument to solve maritime issues
UNCLOS – important legal instrument to solve maritime issues
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  14/11/2019 

The 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an important legal instrument to regulate maritime issues and ensure legitimate rights and interests of countries.

Swiss lawyer emphasises observance of int’l law in East Sea
Swiss lawyer emphasises observance of int’l law in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  14/11/2019 

It is necessary to maintain and respect international law, especially the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), in the settlement of disputes in the East Sea, Swiss lawyer Pierre Schifferli has said.

Be careful with imported products featuring China's illegal nine-dash line
Be careful with imported products featuring China's illegal nine-dash line
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  12/11/2019 

Recently, many imported products with the illegal nine-dash line have been detected in Vietnam, capturing public attention.

Don't expect too much from ASEAN in East Sea issues: Australian scholar
Don't expect too much from ASEAN in East Sea issues: Australian scholar
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  11/11/2019 

ASEAN is divided in the East Sea issue and Vietnam needs to avoid controversy when it takes over the chairmanship 2020.

Vietnam advised to get stronger int’l support in East Sea issues
Vietnam advised to get stronger int’l support in East Sea issues
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  07/11/2019 

Vietnam should make greater efforts to get stronger support from the international community in the East Sea issues and hold more activities similar to East Sea International Conferences, a leading foreign expert has suggested.

Efforts to prevent nine-dash line’s presence in products
Efforts to prevent nine-dash line’s presence in products
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  07/11/2019 

The presence of an illegal nine-dash line in several products in Vietnam has provoked alarm over the need for people to increase their vigilance on the violation of sacred national sovereignty.

1982 UNCLOS helps shape order at oceans and seas
1982 UNCLOS helps shape order at oceans and seas
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  06/11/2019 

As part of the ongoing 11th East Sea International Conference in Hanoi, delegatesattended a special session marking the 25th anniversary of the entry into force of the 1982 UNCLOS and 25 years since Vietnam approved the convention.

Foreign experts criticise China’s actions in East Sea
Foreign experts criticise China’s actions in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  06/11/2019 

Leading foreign experts have voiced their concerns over China’s recent actions in the East Sea, while speaking at the ongoing 11th East Sea International Conference in Hanoi.

East Sea International Conference opens in Hanoi
East Sea International Conference opens in Hanoi
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  06/11/2019 

“Cooperation for regional security and development” was the topic of the 11th East Sea International Conference which opened in the capital city of Hanoi on November 6.

Russian newspaper: Countries back Vietnam’s viewpoint in East Sea issues
Russian newspaper: Countries back Vietnam’s viewpoint in East Sea issues
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  06/11/2019 

Russia’s “Multipolar world” newspaper has run an article saying many countries, including partners in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), support Vietnam’s viewpoint in addressing the East Sea issues.

US condemns China’s intimidation in East Sea
US condemns China’s intimidation in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  05/11/2019 

US national security advisor and presidential envoy Robert O’Brien on November 4 denounced Chinese intimidation to stop ASEAN nations from exploiting the offshore resources in the East Sea.

East Sea issue high on agenda of 14th East Asia Summit
East Sea issue high on agenda of 14th East Asia Summit
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  05/11/2019 

The East Sea issue was among the focuses of the 14th East Asia Summit (EAS) on November 4 afternoon, part of the ongoing 35th ASEAN Summit and related summits in Thailand.

PM calls for upholding international law in East Sea at ASEAN-China Summit
PM calls for upholding international law in East Sea at ASEAN-China Summit
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  04/11/2019 

PM Nguyen Xuan Phuc called for upholding international law and avoiding recurrence of violations of international law in the East Sea while addressing the 22nd ASEAN-China Summit in Bangkok, Thailand on Sunday.

ASEAN, India back maintaining peace in East Sea
ASEAN, India back maintaining peace in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  04/11/2019 

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) appreciated India’s contributions to peace and stability in Southeast Asia at a summit in Bangkok, Thailand, on November 3.

ASEAN summit: Malaysia concerns about situation in East Sea
ASEAN summit: Malaysia concerns about situation in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  03/11/2019 

Malaysia’s Foreign Minister Saifuddin Abdullah said his country was concerned about the presence of Chinese coast guard vessels in its waters, while attending the 20th ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC) Council Meeting.

China’s activities in East Sea violate int’l laws: Russian experts
China’s activities in East Sea violate int’l laws: Russian experts
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  02/11/2019 

China’s recent activities in the East Sea are contrary to international laws, including the UNCLOS 1982, experts highlighted at a conference held at the Russian Academy of Justice (RGUP) on November 1.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN