Vietnam respects int’l law during marine sovereignty safeguarding: official

Over the years, Vietnam has consistently complied with the 1982 United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and taken peaceful measures in line with this treaty to safeguard its sea areas, a Foreign Ministry official has said.

A soldier on duty on the Co Lin island of the Truong Sa island district (Photo: VNA)

 



In a recent interview with Vietnam News Agency,Nguyen Manh Dong, head of the maritime affairs department at the ministry’sNational Boundary Commission, reiterated Vietnam’s consistent policy that allinternational disputes, including those in the East Sea, must be resolved bypeaceful measures as regulated in the UN Charter and the UNCLOS. This was alsoaffirmed in the National Assembly’s resolution ratifying the UNCLOS on June 23,1994, the country’s 2012 Law of the Sea, as well as many legal documents.

On this basis, Vietnam handled the demarcationof and fisheries cooperation in the Gulf of Tonkin with China in 2000, maritimedemarcation with Thailand in 1997 and continental shelf demarcation withIndonesia in 2003. It also signed an agreement on joint oil and gasexploitation with Malaysia in 1992 and a treaty on historical waters withCambodia in 1988.

The country is also promoting talks on thedemarcation of the sea area off the mouth of the Gulf of Tonkin with China andthe demarcation of the exclusive economic zone with Indonesia, he said.

Dong noted Vietnam always respects neighbouringcountries’ sea areas in line with the UNCLOS. It has carried out communicationsto educate its fishermen and others operating at sea to adhere to internationallaw and the UNCLOS and not violate foreign waters.

At the same time, it has also resolutelysafeguarded its sea areas, he said, adding that in terms of the exclusiveeconomic zone and the continental shelf specified in line with relevantarticles of the UNCLOS, the country has persistently and resolutely struggledto protect them through peaceful measures like using diplomatic contacts topoint out violations under the UNCLOS’s regulations, sending diplomatic notesto show opposition, and circulating diplomatic notes at the UN.

Vietnam has also affirmed that it reserves theright to use peaceful measures in accordance with international law to protectits rights and legal and legitimate interests under the UNCLOS, the officialsaid.

Dong went on to say that Vietnam was one of the107 states that signed the UNCLOS in Montego Bay, Jamaica, shortly after the conventionopened for signing in December 1982. It also participated in the agreementsrelating to the implementation of this treaty.

Over the years, the Southeast Asian nation hasalways respected and fulfilled all its obligations under the UNCLOS, as seenthrough the adaptation of domestic laws to the UNCLOS, the continual perfectionof the national legal system on the sea and the use of the convention’sregulations as a basis for resolving demarcation issues and promoting maritimecooperation with neighbouring countries.

With regard to bilateral aspects, Vietnam hasconducted joint marine science research with the Philippines in 1996, 2000,2005 and 2007. Based on these successes, the two countries haveinstitutionalised bilateral marine cooperation and expanded the cooperationfrom marine science research to new fields like marine environmentalprotection, search and rescue, and oil spill response.

In terms of the partnership in less sensitiveareas at sea with China, the two countries have successfully implemented aproject comparing the Holocene-epoch deposits in the Red River and YangtzeRiver deltas, and worked together to release breeding fish and protect aquaticresources in the Gulf of Tonkin.

They are stepping up collaboration in search andrescue, maritime affairs, the opening of a hotline to deal withfisheries-related incidents at sea, and implementation of some new projects onenvironmental protection in the Gulf of Tonkin.

Dong said Vietnam has also set up mechanisms ofjoint patrol at sea with Thailand in 1998, Cambodia in 2002 and China in 2005to maintain order in relevant sea areas, enhancing ties between relevant forcesof Vietnam and the countries, and fostering neighbourliness.

Within the framework of ASEAN, Vietnam has alsotaken part in cooperation on East Sea matters, including the ASEAN SeniorTransport Officials’ Meeting, the ASEAN Transport Search and Rescue Forum, theASEAN Maritime Forum, and the Sub-Committee on Marine Science and Technology.

To implement the Declaration on the Conduct ofParties in the East Sea between ASEAN and China and negotiate a Code of Conductin the waters, it has proposed many initiatives and made contributions for thesake of the parties concerned and for ASEAN-China maritime cooperation, henoted.

Additionally, the country has engaged in activitieswithin the framework of international mechanisms established under the UNCLOS,the official said, noting it has fully participated in the meetings of theUNCLOS member states held annually at the UN General Assembly and the meetingsof the International Seabed Authority. It has also supported the enhancement ofactivities of the Continental Shelf Boundary Commission and for a stronger roleof the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.

These facts are all vivid evidence demonstratingthe Vietnamese Government’s goodwill, activeness, resolve and commitment torespecting and implementing the UNCLOS. They also show the country’s effortsand consistent policy to cooperate to handle sea-related disputes anddifferences by peaceful means in conformity with international law, includingthe UNCLOS, thereby fostering cooperation with other countries and protectingits rights and legitimate interests in the East Sea, Dong added.

He stressed that all countries, regardless oftheir development level, size and influence, need to join efforts, on the basisof goodwill and respect for law and through practical actions, to maintain a favourable environment for their own sake and for the sakeof the international community.-VNA

 
 

Other News

.
US condemns China’s intimidation in East Sea
US condemns China’s intimidation in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  05/11/2019 

US national security advisor and presidential envoy Robert O’Brien on November 4 denounced Chinese intimidation to stop ASEAN nations from exploiting the offshore resources in the East Sea.

East Sea issue high on agenda of 14th East Asia Summit
East Sea issue high on agenda of 14th East Asia Summit
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  05/11/2019 

The East Sea issue was among the focuses of the 14th East Asia Summit (EAS) on November 4 afternoon, part of the ongoing 35th ASEAN Summit and related summits in Thailand.

PM calls for upholding international law in East Sea at ASEAN-China Summit
PM calls for upholding international law in East Sea at ASEAN-China Summit
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  04/11/2019 

PM Nguyen Xuan Phuc called for upholding international law and avoiding recurrence of violations of international law in the East Sea while addressing the 22nd ASEAN-China Summit in Bangkok, Thailand on Sunday.

ASEAN, India back maintaining peace in East Sea
ASEAN, India back maintaining peace in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  04/11/2019 

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) appreciated India’s contributions to peace and stability in Southeast Asia at a summit in Bangkok, Thailand, on November 3.

ASEAN summit: Malaysia concerns about situation in East Sea
ASEAN summit: Malaysia concerns about situation in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  03/11/2019 

Malaysia’s Foreign Minister Saifuddin Abdullah said his country was concerned about the presence of Chinese coast guard vessels in its waters, while attending the 20th ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC) Council Meeting.

China’s activities in East Sea violate int’l laws: Russian experts
China’s activities in East Sea violate int’l laws: Russian experts
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  02/11/2019 

China’s recent activities in the East Sea are contrary to international laws, including the UNCLOS 1982, experts highlighted at a conference held at the Russian Academy of Justice (RGUP) on November 1.

US officials strongly condemn China’s illegal activities in East Sea
US officials strongly condemn China’s illegal activities in East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  31/10/2019 

Beijing intends to bully and threaten countries in the Indo-Pacific region by illegally building and militarising artificial features on the East Sea, Admiral John C. Aquilino, Commander of the US Pacific Fleet, told the press.

Developments in East Sea, impact of trade war on VN National Assembly agenda
Developments in East Sea, impact of trade war on VN National Assembly agenda
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  28/10/2019 

Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Pham Binh Minh today delivered a report on developments in the East Sea and the impact of the U.S.-China trade war at the National Assembly’s ongoing eighth sitting.

East Sea issue must be settled based on int’l regulations: experts
East Sea issue must be settled based on int’l regulations: experts
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  26/10/2019 

Experts reiterated the significance of respecting international regulations in settling disputes in the East Sea at a recent conference held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Spokesperson answers query on Chinese ships’ exit from Vietnamese waters
Spokesperson answers query on Chinese ships’ exit from Vietnamese waters
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  26/10/2019 

Foreign Ministry spokesperson Le Thi Thu Hang on October 25 once again stressed Vietnam’s request for relevant parties not to repeat violations of the country’s waters.

Vanguard bank has never been a sovereignty-disputed area
Vanguard bank has never been a sovereignty-disputed area
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  24/10/2019 

Bai Tu Chinh (Vanguard bank) is on the Vietnamese continental shelf. Vietnam has been using and exploiting it in a stable manner. This has never been a sovereignty-disputed area.

Paracel and Spratly Islands have never appeared in Chinese administrative maps
Paracel and Spratly Islands have never appeared in Chinese administrative maps
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  19/10/2019 

In China’s ancient maps, this country’s southernmost point is Hainan Island.

US expert condemns China’s violations in Vietnam’s EEZ
US expert condemns China’s violations in Vietnam’s EEZ
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  18/10/2019 

China’s deployment of survey vessel group Haiyang Dizhi-8 to Tu Chinh reef (Vanguard Bank) in Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) has violated international law, Associate Prof. Ryan Martinson of the US Naval War College said.

Chinese illegal activities hinder COC negotiation process: Vietnamese diplomat
Chinese illegal activities hinder COC negotiation process: Vietnamese diplomat
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  17/10/2019 

This is not the first time Vietnam expressed concerns about China’s violations in the East Sea.

Chinese coastguard ships ‘deliberately visible' in the East Sea
Chinese coastguard ships ‘deliberately visible' in the East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  17/10/2019 

Some Chinese coastguard vessels deployed in the East Sea have deliberately made themselves visible to rival claimants of the contested waters by turning on tracking signals – a move analysts described as an attempt to assert sovereignty.

China is resorting to new forms of bullying in the East Sea
China is resorting to new forms of bullying in the East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  16/10/2019 

Less is heard these days about China’s massive terraforming operations in the East Sea, which not long ago exercised neighbours as well as the United States.

Those who never grew old, who lie in Truong Sa
Those who never grew old, who lie in Truong Sa
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  14/10/2019 

To set up landmarks and maintain sovereignty over 33 military posts in the Truong Sa islands (Spratly), blood, sweat and tears of many generations have been sacrificed.

Vietnam owns convincing evidence of sovereignty in East Sea: Russian expert
Vietnam owns convincing evidence of sovereignty in East Sea: Russian expert
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  13/10/2019 

Vietnam owns convincing evidence of its sovereignty in the East Sea, Russian expert Grigory Trofimchuk, Chairman of the Expert Council of the Eurasian Foundation for Support of Scientific Research has said.

VN Communist Party members asked to ponder East Sea situation
VN Communist Party members asked to ponder East Sea situation
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  11/10/2019 

The analysis must be predictable about the global and regional situation and impact on the country.

Scheme to monopolize East Sea ignores international law
Scheme to monopolize East Sea ignores international law
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  11/10/2019 

China’s survey vessel Haiyang Dizhi-8 and its escorts have conducted regular oil exploration activities and expanded operations in the Tu Chinh-Vung May or Vanguard Bank region of Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN