Jun Ichihara, Chief Advisor of the project ‘Support Planning and Implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions’ speaks about the Japan International Cooperation Agency’s work to help Vietnam reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.
|Jun Ichihara, Chief Advisor of “Project to Support the Planning and Implementation of NAMAs in a MRV Manner”（SPI-NAMA）|
Vietnam aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 8 per cent by 2030, and even achieve a 25 per cent cut as part of the 2015 Paris Agreement. The Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) has committed to help Vietnam reach these goals. How is JICA supporting Vietnam?
JICA has supported the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment as well as relevant agencies, including HCM City, in compiling greenhouse gas reduction policies. Specifically, JICA’s project ‘Support Planning and Implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions’, which kicked off in 2015 and wrapped up on Thursday (January 9), has assisted the Vietnamese Government to improve its climate change policies. We also help in improving technical capacity, such as measurement, reporting and verification and greenhouse gas inventory, and raising public awareness on climate change among ministries and non-state actors.
The project has supported the environment ministry to enhance the domestic policy framework, including the Government decree on roadmaps and measures for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. We conducted many background and technical assessments to compile the decree and other climate mitigation regulations.
We also worked to organise stakeholder consultations on mitigation policies and provide the ministry opportunities to discuss with international experts to enhance ideas on the decree, such as a study trip to Japan and events at the Conference of the Parties (COP). Based on this technical assistance, the ministry drafted the decree and went through the Government process. The decree is expected to be a key policy to provide a mandatory legal basis for implementing the Paris Agreement in Vietnam.
The project already conducted a low carbon technology assessment. Through the assessment, the ministry was able to consider how to materialise their own climate actions, by selecting prioritised technologies to be applied.
For the transportation sector, the project supplied technical input to help the Ministry of Transport build green sea ports in the future.
What are JICA’s recommendations to help Vietnam fix difficulties in reducing greenhouse gas emissions?
To implement the Paris Agreement, the environment ministry has strong made commitments to the roadmap and measures for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Together with the decree, the implementation of other related regulations is believed to be the crucial issue by 2030. Additionally, engagement of stakeholders, especially the private sector, for climate change mitigation will be a key challenge for nationally determined contributions (NDC) implementation in Vietnam until 2030.
Providing incentives and removing policy barriers for the private sector are important measures in order to enhance private involvement. Further mainstreaming of climate mitigation actions into the practices of relevant ministries, local governments and the private sector is important as well. Securing resources such as budget/financing, human resources and continuous capacity development are also crucial for implementation of the decree and other relevant climate mitigation policies in the future. - VNS
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