Dien Bien struggles to close illegal gold mine

Illegal gold mining on Bo Tot Mountain in the northern mountainous province of Dien Bien has been posing a risk to public security since 2017.

Company violates mining regulations in Dien Bien
Polluting mining firm in Son La has licenses revoked

Dien Bien struggles to close illegal gold mine
A woman uses a hammer to dig into rocks suspected to contain gold. — VNA/VNS Photo Tuan Anh

The Molybden Viet Nam Industry JSC went bankrupt at the beginning of 2017, leaving behind the Hang Tro gold mine.

At the end of June 2017, the Dien Bien People’s Committee issued decisions to withdraw the land and close the mine.

However, since then, illegal gold mining has become rife with locals and people travelling from other provinces such as Son La, Lai Chau, Lao Cai, Thai Nguyen and Hoa Binh all hoping to strike it rich.

Thao A Tinh from Phi Nhu Commune in Dien Bien Dong District said the area had become crowded and he had witnessed many accidents and even deaths while working at the mine.

Hang A Di, chairman of the Phi Nhu Commune People’s Committee, said many people had flocked to the mine leading to drug problems and conflicts between different gangs that caused social disorder.

Police have arrested several people for dealing heroin at the mine.

Senior Lieutenant-Colonel Hoang Van Hai, deputy head of the Dien Bien Dong Police, said since Molybden Viet Nam had closed, social security in the area had become worse.
Many people had set up camps and lived in the area during their search for gold.

The police needed to assign a team to work with local authorities to manage the situation.

When the rainy season arrives, people flock to the mine and face dangers such as flashfloods and landslides.

Last year, two people died in a landslide.


Hai proposed the province take different measures to control the problem, such as planting trees in the area to stop landslides.

Bui Ngoc La, chairman of the Dien Bien Dong People’s Committee, said the district had been working to protect the area.

The district had asked police and Phi Nhu Commune authorities to conduct regular patrols, manage the number of inhabitants, and educate residents, especially people from other provinces.

The district had not seen any serious cases related to public security here, said La.

However, this was only temporary. The best solution was to close the mine, but that was yet to receive approval.

On May 26 last year, the Dien Bien Province People’s Committee sent a letter about closing the mine to agencies.

The committee assigned the provincial Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DONRE) to preside over the work to close the mine, restore the environment and protect natural resources.

Funding for the work should be taken from the provincial budget allocated to restore the environment, and was expected to reach nearly VND4.4 billion (US$191,300).

However, the Dien Bien Department of Finance said the province did not have enough money for the work, with only VND400 million ($17,300) left that had been allocated for restoring the environment.

Khue said the most difficult part of the project would be raising the money.


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