As of June, 30.8 million people aged over 15 have been laid off, lost jobs or got fewer wages due to fewer work hours because of Covid-19, according to the Department of Employment.
The problem was discussed at the conference about labour and employment solutions for firms due to Covid-19 pandemic held by the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs on June 29.
Vu Trong Binh, head of the Department of Employment said in the first six months of the year, unemployment rapidly rose. "The labour force participation rate dropped to the lowest point for the past 10 years. The unemployment rate of people of working age was also the lowest for the past five years," he said.
17.6 million people suffered a pay cut and 7.8 million people lost jobs or had fewer work hours. The service sector is the hardest hit including accommodation and catering services, followed by the industrial zone especially at processing factories, and agriculture, forestry and fisheries sector.
Meanwhile, only 540,000 people were able to find jobs in the first six months. Recruitment needs in the first five months decreased by 28% in HCM City and 23% in Hanoi. Major markets like Japan and South Korea have stopped receiving guest workers from Vietnam due to the pandemic.
When Vietnam's major markets including the US, EU and China still remain closed for manufacturing, processing and tourism, the local market will face many difficulties, especially with exporting and importing materials. The tourism industry is still badly affected.
However, Binh went on to say that Vietnam was becoming an attractive location for foreign direct investment thanks to its success in Covid-19 control and prevention. Laodong/Dtinews
The unemployment rate among those aged 15 and above in Vietnam stood at 2.05 percent last year and the figure in urban areas is almost double that of rural areas, the 2019 population and housing census reveals.
With restaurant and café chains struggling amid COVID-19, thousands of employees in the service sector could lose their jobs.