Vietnam makes progress with urban planning and development

Dao Ngoc Nghiem, vice president of the Vietnam Urban Development and Planning Association, talks about the achievements and shortcomings in urban planning, development and management.

Vietnam makes progress with urban planning and development

Part of HCM City. 

Vietnam has been focusing on urban planning, development and management over the last five years. In your opinion, what achievements has this sector made?

I can think of four outstanding achievements that Vietnam has made in the last five years regarding urban planning, development and management.

First of all, we have step-by-step improved relevant legal framework, policies and mechanisms from the Central Party Committee’s resolutions to legislation including the Law on Planning (2017), the Law on Architecture (2019) and the Law on Construction (2014) with dozens of amendments to adapt to new situations. We have also seen Government decisions and decrees on green growth, new-style rural areas and smart urban area development. Thanks to these improvements to the legal framework, sectors and localities have focused more on planning work for harmonised development.

Secondly, Vietnam has witnessed a high urbanisation rate. The country now has 859 urban areas, accounting for 40 per cent of the total, while in 2000 the percentage was just 30 per cent. The network of urban areas runs across the country, helping to boost socio-economic development in the regions they are located.

Thirdly, Vietnam has learnt experiences from other countries in urban planning, development and management, especially in developing smart cities, green cities and sustainable cities. Hanoi, Hai Phong, HCM City, Quang Ninh and Da Nang are among those that plan to become smart cities.

In terms of management, trials on urban administration have been implemented in Hanoi and HCM City.

Fourthly, new-style rural areas have been developed inside urban areas and cities, helping to create new identities and narrow the gap between rich and poor.

Communes in Hanoi are all planning to develop new-style rural areas. So far, ten districts and 371 communes, accounting for 96 per cent of the city’s total, have achieved this target thanks to changes to economic structure and improved income and living conditions.

In draft documents to be submitted to the 13th National Party Congress early next year, one of the shortcomings highlighted is the mismatch between expanded urban spaces and the quality of urban areas. What do you think about this issue?

I agree that some urban areas have been developed without sufficient infrastructure, particularly transport, drainage, wastewater treatment and urban management.

 

We need to increase the quality of urban planning. However, I don’t think it is reasonable to say that our urban planning is poor because we have made positive changes.

Similarly, it is not reasonable to say that Vietnam’s urban areas lack typical identities. Both local and international experts recognise Vietnam’s architectural achievements such as green buildings and urban areas that are worth living in.

A key issue is to develop mechanisms to further mobilise social resources and diversify investments in infrastructure, particularly transport. Do you have any recommendations to effectively attract funding to transport infrastructure?

To address the funding issue for transport infrastructure, we need to identify urban models to follow. For example, Hanoi should be developed into a cluster of urban areas including a major city and satellite urban areas, while HCM City should apply the “cities within a city” model.

Hanoi should follow transit-oriented development (TOD), which is the creation of compact, walkable, pedestrian-oriented, mixed-use communities centred around high-quality train systems. This makes it possible to live a lower-stress life without complete dependence on a car for mobility and survival.

TOD-integrated transport should go together with scientific and technological applications. Other related issues include vehicle management, public transport and underground parking.

Do you have any comments about the draft documents to be submitted to the 13th National Party Congress, especially those relating to infrastructure improvements and urban development?

I don't think infrastructure improvements and urban development should be included in the new legal framework. They should be separated because they will play an important role in the country’s socio-economic development. I also think we should identify priorities for key national transport projects and those to boost regional links. Focus should be given to the application of science and technology as well as attracting investment to improve the quality of urban areas towards sustainable development. VNS

Challenges for the new city

Challenges for the new city

The HCMC leadership has been determined to develop the eastern innovative city, temporarily named Thu Duc, hoping it will be a city of knowledge and an innovative and creative center. 

Hanoi's suburban districts need better planning

Hanoi's suburban districts need better planning

The urbanisation process in the outskirts of Hanoi is posing challenges in construction planning, including a lack of technical and social infrastructure, traffic congestion, floods and suspended projects.

Development of coastal urban areas: a hot trend

Development of coastal urban areas: a hot trend

“Coastal urban area” is a phrase that is appearing increasingly in the print and electronic media.

 
 

Other News

.
New decree on deportation rights and obligations of foreigners
New decree on deportation rights and obligations of foreigners
SOCIETYicon  08/01/2022 

Foreigners who commit administrative violations within Vietnam’s territory, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf will be expelled from the country under a decree recently issued by the Government.

Home Spring programme for Overseas Vietnamese slated for January 22
Home Spring programme for Overseas Vietnamese slated for January 22
SOCIETYicon  08/01/2022 

The Home Spring programme 2022, an annual event for Overseas Vietnamese (OVs) in the lead up to traditional Lunar New Year (Tet) celebrations is scheduled to take place on January 22.

People hesitate to return home for Tet due to Covid-19 prevention regulations
People hesitate to return home for Tet due to Covid-19 prevention regulations
SOCIETYicon  08/01/2022 

Many people have not had the opportunity to visit their families because of two consecutive years of Covid-19. In 2021, the pandemic spread widely, causing great damages in all aspects.

HCM City stops all non-essential activities during Tet holidays
HCM City stops all non-essential activities during Tet holidays
SOCIETYicon  07/01/2022 

Chairman of the People's Committee of Ho Chi Minh City Phan Van Mai emphasized stopping all non-essential activities with large gatherings during the incoming Lunar New Year holiday in light of Covid-19.

Family worship place in Long An province under investigation
Family worship place in Long An province under investigation
SOCIETYicon  07/01/2022 

The Department of Public Security of southern Long An province has decided to commence legal proceedings against individuals involved in wrongdoings at “Tinh that bong lai”, a family Buddhist worship place.

Over 1.4 million people become unemployed in 2021 due to COVID-19: GSO
Over 1.4 million people become unemployed in 2021 due to COVID-19: GSO
SOCIETYicon  07/01/2022 

More than 1.4 million Vietnamese were unemployed in 2021, up 203,700 from the previous year or 17 percent, due to impacts of the worst-ever fourth wave of COVID-19 infections for months, data from the General Statistics Office showed.

First regular flight from South Korea arrives in Vietnam after hiatus
First regular flight from South Korea arrives in Vietnam after hiatus
SOCIETYicon  07/01/2022 

The first regular flight between South Korea and Vietnam, which was operated by Vietnam Airlines after two years of hiatus due to the COVID-19 pandemic, landed safely at Noi Bai International Airport in Hanoi at 12:43pm on Thursday.

Health Ministry warns of high risk of spreading Omicron in the community
Health Ministry warns of high risk of spreading Omicron in the community
SOCIETYicon  07/01/2022 

The Ministry of Health has warned that there is a high risk of spreading the Omicron variant among the community.

Why COVID-19 caseload and death toll on the rise: Ministry of Health
Why COVID-19 caseload and death toll on the rise: Ministry of Health
SOCIETYicon  06/01/2022 

Although the pandemic situation in the country is fundamentally under control, new infections and fatalities are still being recorded.

Aviation authority proposes to scrap rapid testing in favour of RT-PCR
Aviation authority proposes to scrap rapid testing in favour of RT-PCR
SOCIETYicon  06/01/2022 

The Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam (CAAV) wants arriving passengers tested for SARS-CoV-2 following the RT-PCR method prior to their flight, removing the additional need for rapid testing as well. 

VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES JANUARY 7
VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES JANUARY 7
SOCIETYicon  07/01/2022 

Vietnam’s HDI sees improvements in 2016 – 2020

Unknown man calls Vietnam Airlines, threatens to shoot down plane heading to Hanoi from Japan
Unknown man calls Vietnam Airlines, threatens to shoot down plane heading to Hanoi from Japan
SOCIETYicon  06/01/2022 

An anonymous man called a Vietnam Airlines branch in Japan on Wednesday morning, and said that if a flight heading from Narita (Japan) to Hanoi did not turn back it would be shot down, according to the Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam (CAAV).

Medicines with molnupiravir for COVID-19 treatment proposed to be licensed
Medicines with molnupiravir for COVID-19 treatment proposed to be licensed
SOCIETYicon  06/01/2022 

An advisory council of the Ministry of Health (MoH) has proposed this ministry grant certificates of registration for conditional circulation of three medicines containing the active ingredient molnupiravir for COVID-19 treatment.

Sale of unauthorised COVID-19 treatment drugs on the rise across social media
Sale of unauthorised COVID-19 treatment drugs on the rise across social media
SOCIETYicon  06/01/2022 

As the battle against COVID rages on, some are taking advantage of the anxiety and worry of others to make a fast buck, no matter the consequences. 

After 30 years, Vietnam's fertility rate drops by nearly half
After 30 years, Vietnam's fertility rate drops by nearly half
SOCIETYicon  05/01/2022 

Over the past 30 years, Vietnam's fertility rate has fallen dramatically. The total fertility rate (TFR) fell from 3.8 children/woman in 1989 to 2.09 children/woman in 2019.

Local Molnupiravir manufacturers to be licensed soon
Local Molnupiravir manufacturers to be licensed soon
SOCIETYicon  05/01/2022 

Health professionals of the Ministry of Health are due to meet on January 5 to consider licensing local pharmaceutical companies that produce Molnupiravir for COVID-19 treatment.

VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES JANUARY 6
VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES JANUARY 6
SOCIETYicon  06/01/2022 

Lao Prime Minister to pay official visit to Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh City to reopen bars, dance clubs from next week
Ho Chi Minh City to reopen bars, dance clubs from next week
SOCIETYicon  05/01/2022 

Ho Chi Minh City will reopen bars, dance clubs and karaoke parlors from January 10 after a period of suspension due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Resolution 128 a game changer in Vietnam’s COVID-19 fight
Resolution 128 a game changer in Vietnam’s COVID-19 fight
SOCIETYicon  05/01/2022 

Resolution 128 is of great significance in COVID-19 fight and economic recovery, Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Tran Quoc Phuong said.

Oodles of glass noodles ready for Tet at So Village
Oodles of glass noodles ready for Tet at So Village
SOCIETYicon  05/01/2022 

The canna noodles, or glass noodles, of So Village in Tan Hoa Commune, Quoc Oai District, have long been known as a specialty of the Hanoi countryside, loved far and wide. They are probably the most famous noodles in the country.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN