Vietnam has called on the UN and countries to pay greater attention to ensuring security and safety for UN peacekeeping forces, strengthening IT application in implementing operations, and defining tasks and resources for missions.
Vietnamese peacekeepers to UN Mission in South Sudan (Photo: VNA)
Addressing a general debate of the Special Political and Decolonisation Committee (Fourth Committee) on October 25, Ambassador Pham Hai Anh, Deputy Permanent Representative of Vietnam to the UN, underlined that the peacekeeping operation is one of important tools of the UN in maintaining peace and international security.
Mentioning Vietnam’s contributions to UN missions in Central Africa and South Sudan recently, he said that the ratio of Vietnamese female peacekeepers in the missions now stands at 20.6 percent, compared to the rate of 16.5 percent last year and much higher than the UN target by 2028.
He affirmed that Vietnam will continue to actively and intensively engage in UN peacekeeping operations.
The Vietnamese representative underlined the significance of the decolonisation process and respect for the right to self-determination of peoples of colonial countries in line with the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples in 1960, the UN Charter and relevant resolutions.
He expressed his concern about the situation of Palestinian refugees in the Gaza Strip and occupied Palestinian territories, affirming that Vietnam supports the self-determination right and the just struggle of Palestinian people for this right, as well as the two-state solution with the formation of the Palestinian State having Jerusalem as the capital city and the peaceful existence with Israel.
He also called on stakeholders to create favourable conditions for humanitarian activities and response to the call from the UN Secretary General to strengthen contributions to activities of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
An overview of the debat.
Regarding the bomb and mine issue, Ambassador Anh said that bombs, mines and unexploded ordnance left by the war have continued to be a threat to civilians in 60 countries and territories, including Vietnam. He thanked the UN, international organisations, countries and non-governmental organisations for their efforts in minimising risks and dealing with bomb and mine consequences.
He shared Vietnam’s experience in implementing national-level solutions and called for countries' cooperation to settle challenges in the process of bomb and mine clearance.
The Vietnamese Ambassador also affirmed Vietnam’s stance of supporting international efforts in promoting the peaceful use of outer space, and called on countries to exercise restraint to avoid armed race in the space. He also expressed Vietnam’s hope to strengthen cooperation with the international community in space science and technology, ensuring security and safety of the outer space to serve sustainable development of all people.
The Fourth Committee considers a broad range of issues covering a cluster of five decolonisation-related agenda items, the effects of atomic radiation, questions relating to information, a comprehensive review of the question of peacekeeping operations as well as a review of special political missions, the UNRWA, Israeli Practices and settlement activities affecting the rights of the Palestinian people and other Arabs of the occupied territories, and International cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space. In addition to these annual items, the Committee also considers the items on Assistance in mine action, and University for peace biennially and triennially respectively, both of which will be before it at the 76th session of the General Assembly.
Currently, there are 17 remaining Non-Self-Governing Territories in the world, namely West Sahara, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Monstserrat, Saint Helena, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands, Gibraltar, American Samoa, French Polynesia, Guam, New Caledonia, Pitcairn, and Tokelau./.