Wedding and new rice ceremonies of Kho Mu people

The Kho Mu ethnic people in the northern and central parts of Vietnam have unique cultural traditions and customs. These are reflected in their wedding ceremony and farming practices.

wedding and new rice ceremonies of kho mu people hinh 0

A Kho Mu woman (Photo: dantocmiennui.vn)

Let’s find out more on today’s show. Matrilocal residence is part of Kho Mu wedding customs. According to the Kho Mu people in the north central province of Nghe An, the custom of living with the bride’s family  shows the young couple’s gratitude to the bride’s parents and at the same time gives them an opportunity to learn some life skills to prepare for a family life.

After the engagement ceremony, the man stays with the girl’s family for a period of time. During this time, the man considers himself a member of the girl’s family and gets accustomed to their family life.

Mr. Cut Van Thu from Tri Le commune, Que Phong district, Nghe An province, said  “I lived with my wife’s family 2 years before the wedding. It was compulsory”.

Usually the period of matrilocal residence is from 3 months to one year, then comes the wedding. According to the Kho Mu in Nghe An province, this depends on the bride’s family as well as the groom’s financial status.

Mr. Thu said “Previously the matrilocal residence time was longer, regardless of the groom’s family’s wishes. If the bride’s family had no son, they wanted to have the groom stay in their family for longer time”.

While living with the bride’s family, the man changes his surname to his wife’s. If they have a baby, the child will bear his or her mother’s name.  But if they ever start living with the man’s family, the wife and children will have to use the man’s surname. During the time of matrilocal residence, the couple may have a baby, even though the wedding has not taken place.

If the groom’s family is poor, he may stay with his wife’s family forever. During the matrilocal residence time, the groom’s family will choose a good day to organize the wedding.

When a Kho Mu man and woman fall in love, the man asks the woman’s family for their blessing. If they agree, the bride’s family invite a matchmaker to conduct a betrothal ritual. Usually, the bride’s uncle acts as the matchmaker decides on the amount of money to be given as well as other betrothal gifts from the groom’s family. Mr. Cut Van Thu said: “The gifts usually include silver and gold. If the groom’s financial condition is difficult, the gift may be buffalos or cows. The gifts must be given one day before the wedding. Besides this, the groom’s family prepares 2 pigs, 2 jars of wine, and 6 silver rings, while the bride’s family offers 1 pig and 2 jars of wine. The wedding preparations are mostly made by the groom’s family”.

The wedding is carefully prepared to show honor to the guests. The match maker plays an important role. Mr. Hung Van Thang of Que Phong district, Nghe An province, said “Guests are invited one month before the wedding by the matchmaker. It is our custom. Once the invitations are sent out, the wedding is organized”.

When gifts are given to the bride’s family, the groom’s family also makes a meal as an offering to the bride’s ancestors. Members of the two families attend a ritual to ask the ancestors to accept the groom as a new family member and bless the new couple with happiness. After the ritual, everyone sits around the altar and eats food from the offering tray before joining other relatives and villagers in a wedding feast which lasts all day long.

 

Mr. Luong Kim Sinh of Que Phong district, Nghe An province, said “The Kho Mu wedding lasts 3 days. It takes place with the bride’s house on the first day. On the second day, the bride is brought to the groom’s house. On the third day, the bride and the groom are educated about how to behave in the two families and given wishes of a happy and prosperous life”.

Kho Mu ethnic people have various agricultural rituals that reflect their farming habits. The new rice ceremony is the second most important ceremony of the Kho Mu people of the year after their ancestors worshipping ritual.

Shaman Hung Van Thang of Tri Le commune is praying in front of an altar set with agricultural offerings to inform the ancestors about the harvest. In the past, the new rice ceremony was considered the Kho Mu people’s New Year ceremony, which is held before the harvest. Preparation for the ceremony is made several days in advance.

Mr. Hung Van Thang of Tri Le commune, said “All the family members gather several days in advance to prepare for the new rice ceremony. Everyone helps prepare the offerings, which include boiled chicken, pork, cassava, and taro”.

wedding and new rice ceremonies of kho mu people hinh 1

The offerings for the new rice ceremony include clothes, ornamental objects, silver, sticky rice, and wine (Photo: baonghean.vn)

Unlike other Kho Mu clans in Vietnam’s northwestern region, the Kho Mu people in Nghe An offer sticky rice, chicken, cakes, and wine. Shaman Hung Van Thang said “During the new rice ceremony, I give the offerings to the ancestors and ask them to bless the farming tools and the farmers, as well as the ceremony’s attendees”.

A second ritual is held to bless the farming tools with a wish for protection against work accidents. All the farming tools, including hoes, shovels, axes, knives, and sickles are placed on a winnowing basket and sprinkled with bran and rice husks.

Mr. Thang said “It is like we are feeding the farming tools to keep us safe while working. When the rice has ripened, a good day is selected to harvest. We hold a ceremony to celebrate the new rice and pray for good health, prosperity, and bumper crops”.

At the ceremony, everyone gathers around the food placed in front of the ancestors’ altar. The shaman dips a ball of sticky rice into a bowl of chicken blood, and presses it onto the foreheads of all the family members to wish them good health and drive away evil.

When the ritual ends, family members gather around, drink wine, and eat the offerings. They also play the gong, sing, and dance. Mr. Cut Van Thu of Tri Le commune, Que Phong district, said the family often invites other clans in the village to join their new rice ceremony. The guests may bring to the host’s house gifts of rice, wine, or cakes.

The new rice ceremony is not only a ritual for worshiping ancestors, but an opportunity for family members and neighbors to gather. VOV5

 
 

Other News

.
Wooden sculptures play key roles in life and death
Wooden sculptures play key roles in life and death
YOUR VIETNAMicon  16/03/2020 

The province's Bahnar and Jrai ethnic groups' Pơ Thi or Bỏ Mả ceremony is held one to three years after someone dies to ask for the dead's permission to let the living move the corpse to a new tomb.

Flute kites: A way to create a symphony in the sky
Flute kites: A way to create a symphony in the sky
YOUR VIETNAMicon  03/03/2020 

Kite flying is a popular childhood game for many Vietnamese people in rural areas.

Ancestral worship ritual of the Dao
Ancestral worship ritual of the Dao
YOUR VIETNAMicon  01/03/2020 

Like other ethnic groups, the Dao in Vietnam’s northwestern region worship their ancestors devotedly.

Soya sauce – a delicacy of Hung Yen
Soya sauce – a delicacy of Hung Yen
PHOTOSicon  24/02/2020 

Tương Bần (Ban soya sauce) has been a delicacy of northern Vietnam since the end of the 19th century. It is a delicacy found in Ban Yen Nhan Ward in My Hao Town, Hung Yen province.

Northern village helps make unique folk singing thrive again
Northern village helps make unique folk singing thrive again
YOUR VIETNAMicon  23/02/2020 

Dong Mon village in Hai Phong city is known as the cradle of Ca Tru (ceremonial) singing in Vietnam’s northern coastal region.

Unique century-old house in the heart of Hanoi’s Old Quarter
Unique century-old house in the heart of Hanoi’s Old Quarter
PHOTOSicon  22/02/2020 

Until now, the house has become a must-visit cultural site when foreign visitors arrive in Hanoi.

Young chef preserves traditional Hanoi cuisine
Young chef preserves traditional Hanoi cuisine
YOUR VIETNAMicon  22/02/2020 

I first met Nguyen Phuong Hai in Hanoi a month ago when he was holding a class to teach people how to make bánh chưng (square sticky rice cake). 

The octogenarian shoemaker in Saigon
The octogenarian shoemaker in Saigon
YOUR VIETNAMicon  19/02/2020 

At the age of 88, Trinh Ngoc still makes handmade leather shoes everyday. His store in HCMC’s District 3 has served both local and foreign guests for decades.

Pi Le panpipe, a traditional musical instrument of the Giay
Pi Le panpipe, a traditional musical instrument of the Giay
YOUR VIETNAMicon  18/02/2020 

The Giay in Bat Xat district, Lao Cai province, have a rich culture that includes music and musical instrument. The Pi Le clarinet is a typical woodwind instrument of the Giay.

Rice cooking contest in Hanoi's Thi Cam village
Rice cooking contest in Hanoi's Thi Cam village
YOUR VIETNAMicon  17/02/2020 

On the 8th day of the first lunar month each year, Thi Cam village in Hanoi’s Nam Tu Liem district holds a rice cooking contest. 

Traditional ceremony marks coming of age
Traditional ceremony marks coming of age
YOUR VIETNAMicon  15/02/2020 

The ceremony has been held for hundreds of years, honouring the principles of marriage, family happiness and uniting people in their family and community.

Co Tu ritual pays gratitude to forest
Co Tu ritual pays gratitude to forest
YOUR VIETNAMicon  09/02/2020 

Expressing gratitude to the forests is an original tradition of the Co Tu in Tay Giang district, Quang Nam province.

Dong Ho – An outstanding folk painting genre
Dong Ho – An outstanding folk painting genre
YOUR VIETNAMicon  27/01/2020 

Dong Ho village in Song Ho commune of Thuan Thanh district, the northern province of Bac Ninh, is known as the cradle of one of the most famous folk painting genres of Vietnam.

“Lay co” – a unique tradition of Tay and Nung people in Lang Son
“Lay co” – a unique tradition of Tay and Nung people in Lang Son
YOUR VIETNAMicon  27/01/2020 

Together with sli and luon singing, “lay co” folk game has been indispensable at any gathering, especially during the Lunar New Year (Tet) holiday, of the Tay and Nung ethnic groups in Lang Son and many other provinces.

Ancestor worship reminds people of their roots
Ancestor worship reminds people of their roots
YOUR VIETNAMicon  27/01/2020 

Ancestor worship, an ancient Vietnamese tradition, is a ritual practice paying tribute to deceased family members and reminding people of their roots.

Y Yen bronze casting village keeps furnaces burning
Y Yen bronze casting village keeps furnaces burning
YOUR VIETNAMicon  27/01/2020 

Tong Xa bronze casting village in Yen Xa commune, Nam Dinh province, is a center of the traditional bronze casting craft. For nearly 900 years, bronze casting has been preserved and developed by the village.

Tet of the San Diu ethnic minority group
Tet of the San Diu ethnic minority group
YOUR VIETNAMicon  26/01/2020 

The San Diu ethnic minority group, who live in northern mountainous areas with a population of nearly 147,000, celebrate quite a lot of festivals the most important of which is Tet, the lunar New Year festival.

Vietnamese preserve tomb-sweeping tradition
Vietnamese preserve tomb-sweeping tradition
YOUR VIETNAMicon  25/01/2020 

Vietnamese families often visit their ancestors’ tombs and clean gravesites whenever the Lunar New Year (Tet) comes, normally from the 23rd of the last month of the lunar year to New Year’s Eve.

Tet fruit tray, indispensible part of Vietnamese culture
Tet fruit tray, indispensible part of Vietnamese culture
YOUR VIETNAMicon  25/01/2020 

A “Mam Ngu Qua” or five-fruit tray is indispensable for each Vietnamese family among the numerous offerings required to decorate ancestral altars during the traditional Lunar New Year (Tet) festival.

Traditional Tet food offerings to ancestors
Traditional Tet food offerings to ancestors
YOUR VIETNAMicon  25/01/2020 

During the Lunar New Year (Tet) festival, each ethnic group in Vietnam has its own culinary specialties that reflect the culture of their people and are used as offerings to worship their ancestors.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN