return icon

A job for the Government

VietNamNet Bridge – More than a million people from all sections of society are currently unemployed, many in the wake of the economic downturn, while graduates are being forced to take manual labour. Is there any hope for the future?

VietNamNet Bridge – More than a million people from all sections of society are currently unemployed, many in the wake of the economic downturn, while graduates are being forced to take manual labour. Is there any hope for the future?


Students and young people seek job information at HCM City Youth Culture House.
 The number of unemployed people has been increasing.

Sitting in her dark, small rented room hidden down a small lane in Ha Noi's Phung Khoang Street, Phan Kim Anh, a university graduate from Thai Binh Province, busily studies a pile of newspapers and leaflets searching for jobs.

"Since I graduated, my main job everyday is to surf web and buy newspapers to find employment information, before calling the employers for further details. I've visited many companies, but I have gained almost nothing, because all these places offer low-wage jobs that are unrelated to my major," she says.

"I graduated a year ago but still have to ask my parent's for money. I feel so sad, but if I return, I will not find any suitable jobs. I would rather stay in Ha Noi, as there are more opportunities here than in my province. I am also considering finding a job outside of my major. Whatever happens, I have to make ends meet."

According to human resources experts, many graduates have to work in sectors they did not study, some even working as manual labourers. Many graduates do not meet employers' requirements and do not recognise their own ability, while others have unrealistic expectations. Although there are many opportunities, employers often choose experienced workers instead of the newly graduated.

But newly graduated students aren't the only ones to suffer. People from all sections of society have become victims of the "storm of unemployment" caused by the current economic and financial downturn.

During this hard time, many businesses have been forced to close or lay-off staff, thus thousands of workers have lost their jobs. And despite their best efforts to seek new employment, the workers are faced with few opportunities.

Nguyen Van Kien, who works at a real estate company in Nguyen Quang Street, says his company went bankrupt.

"Our company did not have any success in the last two years. The director tried everything to save the company but failed, so we had to dissolve it."

Nguyen Le Ha, 27, has just lost her job working for an event organising company.

"The company used to have a lot of work, but recently the boss informed us that there were too many debts and bank loans so we can't get new contracts. We didn't have any salary for three months so I had to quit to look for another job."

Feeling discouraged

The number of unemployed people has been increasing, so finding a stable job these days is like "looking for a needle in a haystack" for many people.

Having graduated with a bachelor's degree in economics over six months ago, Nguyen Thi Mai from Nghe An Province says she feels discouraged by her lack of success in finding a job.

"I graduated in July 2012, but have been unemployed until now. In recent months I have sent my CV to many companies but I still haven't found a suitable job."

Another job-finder feeling frustration, Nguyen Van Chinh, says "I stay at home and study the internet and newspapers. Everywhere I called that offered "good jobs with good salary" led me to middle-men, who told me if I want to find a job I will have to pay VND200,000 (US$9.8) in fees. This is just a trick to cheat students. I know these middle-men are also unemployed, they just created this trick to earn money from others."

According to the General Statistics Office, by the end of December 2012, the labour force aged 15 and upwards stood at 52.58 million people, having increased by 2.3 per cent compared with 2011.

The unemployment rate of workers in 2012 was 1.99 per cent, accounting for more than one million people.

The number of unemployed people continues to climb, causing the offices dealing with unemployment insurance procedures to become overloaded with work.

At job promotion centres, the number of employment opportunities has fallen, while enterprises' requirements are becoming more particular. According to many labour experts, the scarcity of jobs is set to continue in 2013, meaning many people's lives will be blighted by the lack of income.

There is still a large discrepancy between supply and demand in the labour market, in the sense that enterprises still have demand, but they can ill-afford to employ new staff, while many workers can't find suitable jobs.

Deputy head of the Job Department under the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA) Nguyen Thi Hai Van believes the reason is that enterprises and job finders are rarely compatible as there is a skills shortage for technical roles.

"Many workers are limited in their level of skills. Moreover, they are limited in terms of foreign languages and information technology skills, so they struggle to find jobs in foreign-invested enterprises and with enterprises that offer a high salary.

"There are also problems in matching jobs to labourers. For example, only the manual labourers visit the job promotion centres. The white-collar workers do not arrive in these centres because they think they can find jobs via websites and by directly contacting the employers," she says.

Dao Lan Anh, deputy director of a Ha Noi-based trading and service company, also says the reason employers and labourers are an ill fit: "Many labourers have low competencies and ability, but they still require a high salary."

According to the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, the percentage of young labourers who are unemployed is far higher than the general work force. In the period 2007-11, the youths' unemployment ratio was twice the national average.

Deputy Minister of MoLISA Nguyen Ngoc Phi describes a paradox whereby there are more graduates in the market, but hardly any jobs for them.

"Meanwhile, the enterprises require employees that have technical skills, but not many people can meet these demands. One reason is that many families didn't want to let their children learn at job training schools, but instead forced them to join universities at all costs," he says.

MoLISA Minister Pham Thi Hai Chuyen says, the ministry is implementing solutions to reach the job training and promotion targets.

"The target by 2017, is for 15 million young people and students to be given career advice and 1.2 million young people to receive job training and assistance," she says.

She adds that one important solution is to implement the Job Training Strategy for 2011-20, which aims to improve job training quality and link job training to job creation.

"To create jobs for young workers more effectively, we have asked the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union Central Committee to collaborate with MoLISA in implementing career guidance, training and creating jobs."

Source: VNS


Achilles heel in tourism

Vietnam’s tourism industry has made only meager strides in diversifying its products despite years of growth.

The most addictive dish on Ha Giang plateau

Ha Giang attracts tourists not only for its majestic natural landscape and honest ethnic people but also for its bold, regional specialties that cannot be found anywhere else.

Liquidity needs to be ensured: Central bank

The Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) sent important messages about monetary policies at a meeting with businesses held by SBV and HCM City People’s Committee late last week.

Firms hesitate to access loans due to weak consumption demand

The State Bank of Vietnam last week cut its policy rates for the third time this year to prop up economic growth.

Banks experience significant increases in non-performing loans

Given the challenging economic environment, the performance of numerous banks is rather bleak, particularly due to the mounting bad debt levels.


Work on Cat Bi Airport’s Terminal T2 to start in Q4

Vietnam should consider announcing the end of COVID-19: NA deputy

At the ongoing fifth session of the 15th National Assembly (NA) held on May 29, Nguyen Lan Hieu of the NA Delegation of Binh Dinh province suggested that the end of COVID-19 should be announced.

Cut on automobile registration fees to facilitate auto industry

The Ministry of Industry and Trade supporting the reduction of automobile registration fees is considered a positive effect to the auto industry in the context of the automobile market facing many difficulties.


Vietnam leaves good impressions at multi-ethnic festival in Czech Republic

Vietnam to build center for search and rescue in Spratly Islands

Deputy Prime Minister Tran Luu Quang has approved a project to improve the capacity of incident and natural disaster response and search and rescue to 2030, with a vision to 2045.

Male model finishes as third runner-up at World Fitness Supermodel

Ngo Hoang Linh, the Vietnamese representative at World Fitness Supermodel 2023, was awarded the third runner-up title during the male pageant’s grand final held on May 27 in Thailand.

Old Vietnamese publications in romanised script on display in Paris

An exhibition showcasing old Vietnamese publications in Chu Quoc ngu (romanised Vietnamese script) is underway in Paris, France.

HCMC police raze black-credit companies with illicit profits of over US$176mln

The Ho Chi Minh City Department of Public Security yesterday prosecuted nine people for usury in civil transactions.

Entertainment and cultural events of the week (May 29-June 4/2023)

Upcoming entertainment and cultural events in Vietnam's major cities on May 29-June 4.

More cooperation needed to develop rare earth industry in Vietnam

The applications for rare-earth element products have developed strongly in recent decades, especially in the field of agriculture in which they are used to create clean, safe, and effective agricultural products.