return icon Vietnamnet.vn

Adjustment of the VND's daily trading has certain effect on production

The State Bank of Vietnam decided to widen the USD/VND spot exchange rate band from +/-3 percent to +/-5 percent effective from October 17 continued to put pressure on the Vietnam dong to depreciate and the US dollar to appreciate.

Adjustment of Vietnam dong's daily trading has certain effect on production ảnh 1 The State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) officially decided to widen the USD/VND spot exchange rate band from +/-3 percent to +/-5 percent

The expansion of this band has a certain effect on production and business activities and the operation of the economy in the coming time.

Following the dollar’s appreciation, General Director of Duy Khuong Steel Trading Service Company Dinh Cong Khuong said that 20 percent-30 percent of raw materials for steel production must be imported, so the price of imported raw materials must surge.

Increased raw material plus production costs will push up the estimated cost of finished products by 1 percent-3 percent. Meanwhile, short-term orders cannot negotiate with partners to adjust prices.

On the other hand, from the beginning of the year until now, the sharp increase in gasoline prices has hurt the profits of the steel industry. The current increase in the US dollar price will make businesses’ profits fall to zero percent.

Worse, enterprises in the steel and plastic industries are facing the risk of a decline in the construction market. The quiet real estate market has caused the demand for steel and plastic to drop sharply from the third quarter of 2022 until now.

According to Mr. Khuong, the real estate market consumes 45 percent of steel products. Therefore, the reduction or cessation of real estate project licensing, combined with policies on tightened bank credit, has made this market quiet, leading to a sharp decrease in steel consumption. Currently, enterprises are trying to maintain minimum production so as not to interrupt operations.

Many businesses in the field of food and food products think that this is the peak time for enterprises to import production materials to increase their reserves for preparation for the Tet holiday (the Lunar New Year) - the peak consumer demand.

In Ho Chi Minh City, enterprises producing essential goods had to prepare a plan to increase their stockpiles from 24 percent to 60 percent to avoid the risk of a shortage of goods and an increase in prices at the end of the year.

However, it must be admitted that up to 60 percent of raw materials for food production must be imported from abroad. In recent times, many enterprises have tried to find domestic supply, but they failed.

Therefore, the appreciation of the US dollar will certainly have a significant impact on product prices.

Enterprises said that they would have to adjust certain selling prices if additional costs are incurred because many businesses have made concerted efforts to control prices for a long time when gasoline prices increased.

Adjustment of Vietnam dong's daily trading has certain effect on production ảnh 2 Adjustment of Vietnam dong's daily trading has certain effect on production.

Furthermore, a leader of a commercial bank in Ho Chi Minh City said that businesses borrowing debt in the US dollar have faced difficulties in recent times due to the strong US dollar pressure and the devaluation of the Vietnam dong.

These enterprises will continue to be under exchange rate pressure at the end of 2022 as well as at the beginning of 2023 when they still have outstanding loans in US dollars.

He added that in theory, when the domestic currency depreciates, the country's goods will become relatively cheaper, thereby supporting the export of goods.

However, Vietnam implemented a policy of floating within the range of the US dollar, which also led to a stronger Vietnam dong compared to some other currencies, especially in big markets such as Europe, Japan, Korea, and China. Besides, increasing inflation in the globe plus people’s declined real income leads to a challenge for exporting enterprises in the coming time.

Vo Tri Thanh, Director of the Institute for Brand and Competitiveness Strategy, said that in the context of great pressure on the exchange rate and inflation, it is necessary for the State Bank to widen the exchange rate band in order to stabilize the foreign exchange market.

This is also a way to reduce partial pressure on the exchange rate while finding a new equilibrium more suitable for the exchange rate and also creating room for more flexible and proactive monetary policy management.

Loosening the exchange rate adjustment band is just one of many solutions and tools that the SBV has implemented to help stabilize the exchange rate relatively in comparison with exchange rate fluctuations of many other countries, as well as in the context of foreign exchange rates.

The US Federal Reserve (FED) and many countries continue to tighten their currencies and raise interest rates.

Previously, in order to stabilize the exchange rate, the SBV used measures such as using the foreign exchange reserve fund, raising interest rates, and changing the foreign currency trading method from selling 3-month term to selling spot method.

Therefore, this band widening is part of many other tools that, to a certain extent, help balance all dimensions including inflation, interest rates, exports, imports, and VND depositors' benefits to curb a negative impact on the country’s economy.

After the State Bank loosened the USD/VND exchange rate band, the central exchange rate listed by the SBV on October 18 increased by 56 Vietnam dong compared to the previous day to VND23,637 per US dollar.

Thus, with a margin of ±5 percent, the ceiling rate increased to VND24,818 per US dollar. Recording the price of USD at commercial banks on October 18, commercial banks sold the greenback for VND24,500 per US dollar.

Although the USD price was adjusted by commercial banks, it was still lower than the ceiling price by about VND318 per US dollar. Thus, compared to the end of 2021, the US dollar price at banks has increased by about 7 percent ( equivalent up to VND1,580 a dollar).

Source: SGGP

MORE NEWS

FDI hoped to help realty market develop sustainably in long term

Vietnam’s real estate sector last year attracted an additional 1.85 billion USD in foreign direct investment (FDI), retaining its second place among industries drawing FDI with combined investment of 4.45 billion USD.

Party chief’s book on fight against corruption and negative phenomena released

A ceremony was held in Hanoi on February 2 to release the book by General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) Nguyen Phu Trong.

Make in Vietnam drives ICT firms into international markets

Global expansion has become a trend in domestic ICT enterprises in recent years.

Schools launch digital-related majors to meet students’ needs

In 2023, many universities have launched new subjects associated with the digital era to meet students’ needs.

Southeast region prepares for new FDI wave

The southeast region is preparing conditions in infrastructure, administrative procedures and human resources to welcome a new wave of foreign direct investment (FDI), as investors have flocked to the region from the beginning of this year.

VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES FEBRUARY 2/2023

PM chairs monthly teleconference with localities

Experts call for stricter penalties as drink driving soars over Tet

The maximum punishment for car drivers with alcohol concentration levels exceeding 0.4mg per litre of breath, or 80mg in 100 ml of blood, is a fine of VND40 million (US$1,693) and a two-year suspension of their driving licences.

Over 32% of apparel firms remain closed in Hanoi

Nearly a third of textile and garment firms have yet to reopen in Hanoi although the Lunar New Year holiday has ended.

Domestic tourism hits five-year high

Domestic tourism numbers hit 13 million in January, the highest in the last five years, according to the Vietnam National Administration of Tourism.

VIETNAM BUSINESS NEWS FEBRUARY 2/2023

Businesses exporting medicinal herbs to China required to register

Cashless payments on the rise: convenience and security for expats in Vietnam

As digital payment methods surge in popularity, expats in Vietnam are not alone in embracing the change to cashless transactions.

My Dinh Stadium needs money for more upgrading

Having been upgraded with a package worth VND408 billion, My Dinh Stadium is still in poor condition.

Vietnam needs more submarine cables to ensure internet services

Vietnam will need at least two or three more submarine cables to ensure proper internet services for the country's development in the next five years, according to Vu The Binh, Secretary-General of the Vietnam Internet Association.

Government convenes January meeting

The Government convened its first regular monthly meeting for 2023 in Ha Noi on Thursday under the chair of Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh.

Scammers steal information, money on first days of Year of the Cat

The first days of the New Year are the time for scammers to increase their activities. The most common tricks are stealing information and money from victims’ accounts.
back_to_top