return icon

Bai Coi, a meeting place of civilisations

A unique exhibition in downtown Hanoi is featuring Bai Coi in the central province of Ha Tinh, a special archaeological site bearing the characteristics of the Dong Son (800-200BC) and Sa Huynh (1,000-200BC) civilisations.

The site includes Bai Coi and several places surrounding it like Bai Loi and Bai Phoi Phoi in Xuan Vien Commune, Nghi Xuan District of Ha Tinh Province.

The area is located at the foot of Hong Linh Mountain, by the La River, the natural border of Nghe An and Ha Tinh provinces.

Archaeologists work at the site. Photos courtesy of the organisers 

After many excavations conducted by Vietnamese and South Korean archaeologists, the site has been proven to have features of both Dong Son and Sa Huynh civilisations.

The site was recognised as a National Level Relic Site in 2014 by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

The exhibition displays more than 15 objects and documents in various materials like stone, ceramic, metal and glass.

A tomb has been made at the exhibition to help the audience imagine the site in early history.

According to Nguyen Van Doan, director of the National Museum of Vietnamese History, the Dong Son civilisation was located from Ha Tinh-Quang Binh to the north while the Sa Huynh civilisation stretched from Quang Ngai southward.

Discoveries at Bai Coi proved Ha Tinh is the meeting place of the two civilisations, he said.

“Findings at the site changed previous assumptions on the two civilisations,” he added. “Bai Coi has an important meaning in doing research on Vietnam’s early history.”

In 1974, scientists from the Vietnam Archaeology Institute unearthed many stone and bronze objects here. They assumed the site hosted many objects in a large area, which might have been a tomb area of Dong Son culture.

The museum and Ha Tinh’s culture department conducted excavations at the site in 2008 and 2009.

The first time, scientists gathered a large number of objects together with 16 tombs, which had features of Sa Huynh civilisation but influenced by Dong Son civilization of around 1st-2nd century AD.

At the end of 2009, another excavation was conducted at the site on further areas at Bai Phoi Phoi, Bai Loi, Trang Van, and Phuc Da Temple, which unearthed 13 ancient tombs and buried objects.

A ceramic jar tomb displayed at the exhibition. VNS Photo Doan Tung

The findings showed the tomb site was spread in a large area, which existed from some 300AD to the 1st century AD.

In 2012, the site was excavated once more by the museum and the National Museum of Korean History, which unveiled 15 more tombs and many buried objects.

All the objects were then transferred to South Korea for research and restoration, including metal objects like earrings, bracelets, axes, knives and hoes.

South Korean archaeologists discovered various kinds of fibres stuck on the surface of the metal objects, which led them to do further research on the weaving of early people, said Nguyen Manh Thang, head of Research and Collecting Department of the museum.

“Modern facilities and careful research process helped us define materials and forms of objects found, which is a significant feature in the co-operation between the two museums,” he said.

A model of twin tombs displayed at the exhibition. VNS Photo Doan Tung

Bai Coi is a complex of tombs scattered in a large area with two forms of tombs, namely bodies buried in soil and bodies buried in ceramic jars.

Thang said ceramic jars in Bai Coi are of smaller size than those in Sa Huynh, Quang Ngai.

Soil tombs here have a later date compared jar ones. Scientist found here many soil tombs cut across jar tombs, which had been buried before.

The exhibition will run at the National Museum of Vietnamese History, No 1 Pham Ngu Lao Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi till the end of April next year. VNS 

Vuon Chuoi reveals life in Hanoi thousands of years ago

Vuon Chuoi reveals life in Hanoi thousands of years ago

A year and a half after Việt Nam News called on authorities to stop a construction project to protect the first and most important heritage site of civilisation in Hanoi, the latest archaeological findings make it

Ly Son-Sa Huynh preserves unique value of geo-park site

Ly Son-Sa Huynh preserves unique value of geo-park site

Vietnam is moving closer to getting another geo-park recognised by the UN cultural agency UNESCO.


Sea tourism and expectations for a 'made in Vietnam' fleet

The number of cruise tourists accounts for only 2-3% of the total number of international visitors to Vietnam.

Hanoi’s tourism sector rakes in over VND1 trillion during Tet holiday

The capital expects to welcome roughly 332,000 visitors, including 32,000 international guests, during the Lunar New Year holiday from January 21 to January 26, with total revenue anticipated to reach more than VND1 trillion.

Stone lion statues - Symbol of stone sculpture art of Ly Dynasty

According to Buddhism, lion is the embodiment of intellectual power, but with stars on the body, the stone lions of the Ba Tam pagoda-temple also have the meaning of carrying the moving sky.

Vietnam's retail market predicted to bustle in 2023

Although 2023 is forecast to see many difficulties, experts expect this is a recovery year of the retail sector after COVID-19 pandemic as there are many signs showing the return of investors and higher demands.

Vietnam's leather and footwear industry targets US$27 billion in 2023 exports

The leather and footwear industry is striving to reach US$27 billion in export turnover in 2023, an increase of about 10% compared to one year earlier amid shrinking major markets and falling demand.

Discovering artisans' skills in Thanh Ha ancient pottery village

If pottery villages now mainly use molds, artisans in the Thanh Ha ancient pottery village in Hoi An city, Quang Nam, have kept their traditional method of making pottery - hand made and wheel thrown.

Destinations across Vietnam report surges in holiday-maker numbers during Tet

Tourist attractions across Vietnam have lured large numbers of holiday-markers during the week-long Lunar New Year (Tet) festival from January 20-26.

EVFTA presents tremendous trade, investment advantages

Commitments outlined in the EVFTA on both trade and investment are expected to contribute to attracting European businesses and investors to expand their activities in Vietnam, further promoting trade and investment cooperation.

10 houses with special architecture in Vietnam

With bold ideas, architects can create houses that are both aesthetic and functional. Here are 10 interesting houses in Vietnam.

89 people killed in traffic accidents during seven-day Tet holiday

A total of 152 traffic accidents occurred nationwide, killing 89 people and injuring 111 others during the 2023 Tet Lunar New Year holiday from January 20-26, reported the Traffic Police Department.

End of Tet holiday marked by high traffic congestion around major cities

In a bid to avoid the congestion, many people opted to return on Wednesday afternoon or Thursday morning.

Water resources planning scheme for 2021-2030 announced

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) has announced a water resources planning scheme for the 2021-2030 period with a vision to 2050, which was approved by the Prime Minister in December 2022.

Vietnamese businesses could join global supply chains with sound strategies: experts

A survey conducted by the association showed 63% of Japanese enterprises said they would continue investing in operation expansion in the next 1-2 years, reflecting that investors have great expectations for Vietnam's economic growth.

Ba Ria-Vung Tau welcomes nearly 2,400 international cruise tourists

International cruise ship Mein Schiff 5 with 2,370 tourists docked at SP-PSA port on January 26.


Da Lat faces traffic congestion due to tourist surge