return icon

Banks begin to hike deposit interest rates

In October, the average interest rates on bank deposits for six months and 12 months were 4.7 per cent and 5.5 per cent, down half a percentage point from a year earlier, according to Bao Viet Securities Company.

Banks begin to hike deposit interest rates
A customer makes transaction at Sacombank which was one of the first to hike the deposit interest rates, increasing them by 0.4 percentage points on average in early November. - Photo

But things changed in early November when the rates showed signs of rising after a very long time.

Deputy Governor of the State Bank of Viet Nam, Dao Minh Tu, said in 2021 the rates were at the lowest level in five years.

Sacombank was one of the first to hike the rates, increasing them by 0.4 percentage points on average.

Eximbank adjusted them upward by 0.1 percentage point for three months or less and 0.2 percentage points for six to nine months.

The highest rates of 7 per cent are offered by some large banks like ACB, Techcombank and MSB for high-value long-term deposits.

The rising trend is expected to continue.

Many analysts had forecast the rates would increase further at last year-end and this year.

So what caused this change?

Now many are pointing to the looming spectre of inflation, always a major factor in driving up all sorts of interest rates.

For more than a year, deposit rates were just 5-5.5 per cent on average, and investors were not unhappy since inflation was below 3 per cent.

In fact, in the first 10 months of 2021 the consumer price index only rose by 1.8 per cent year-on-year, the lowest rate since 2016.

According to the General Statistics Office, core inflation during the period was 0.84 per cent compared to the same period in 2020.

The agency said core inflation rate had been the lowest since 2011.

Core inflation is the indicator reflecting long-term general price changes, after excluding temporary changes of the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

Thus, people could still be induced to deposit their money in banks.

But now many economists expect inflation to rise as the prices of many commodities and goods have started to increase.

A GSO official said the costs of raw materials used in many industries have risen sharply, especially in October, pushing up prices, including of essential consumer goods.

Besides, the rise in fuel prices has an effect on the prices of all kinds of goods, he pointed out.

The prices of petrol and other fuels were adjusted upward 18 times last year, resulting in A95 petrol going up by VND7,860 per litre and E5 petrol by VND7,600 by October.

Gas products saw their prices hiked eight times.

Consequently, the prices of a number of key raw materials have surged, including plastics by12.9 per cent and textile fibres by 10.78 per cent, according to a GSO report.

Experts calculate that every 1 percentage point increase in raw material prices translate into a 2.06 per cent increase in product prices.

Inflation is expected to rise to 3.5-4 per cent in 2022.

Money supply

Bui Thuy Hang, deputy director of the central bank’s monetary policy department, said as of November 25 the total outstanding loans at banks were up by 10.1 per cent.

With the Government injecting around VND672.01 billion to help revive business activities, large sums of money have been pumped into the economy, significantly increasing money supply and thus inflationary risks.

Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Do Thang Hai told a government meeting in December that inflationary pressure would be high in 2022, especially with both the global and Vietnamese economies expected to experience a strong bounce back as herd immunity is achieved.

Faced with the likelihood of inflation, banks have to increase their deposit interest rates to ensure positive real interest rates to prevent depositors from withdrawing their money and investing it in other assets like securities and real estate.

Hải said by doing this lenders, specially small ones with modest liquidity, would ensure they have enough funds to continue lending.

Analysts also pointed to other reasons for the increase in deposit interest rates.

With COVID-19 vaccination covering almost the entire adult population, hope is rising that the pandemic would soon be controlled and economic activities would return to normalcy, increasing demand for credit.

Anticipating this, banks have started increasing their deposit interest rates to mobilise more funds to meet future market demand when the cost of money is still low and before competition drives it up.

But banking sector insiders expect deposit interest rates to only see slight changes.

Time will tell.

Far-sighted seafood producers buck COVID downturn

Early this year, most of the forecasts for the seafood industry were optimistic since the COVID pandemic was well controlled in Vietnam, enabling the country to grab global market shares from other seafood exporting countries, many of which were badly affected by the outbreak.

But things changed since the fourth wave of the pandemic hit the country: most sectors were hit badly and seafood was no exception.

In the third quarter of 2021, tra fish (catfish) exports dried up as COVID raged in several provinces in the south, the key seafood exporting region.

Many companies had to halt production while a few operated at just 30-50 per cent of their capacity.

Consequently, exports of the catfish, one of the country’s biggest earners, declined by 25 per cent year-on-year.

Things were not worse only because some businesses managed to do well thanks to stocking up on raw materials before the outbreak began.

Though Vietnam is a power house of agriculture, especially fisheries, only those companies that prepared well by ensuring adequate availability of raw materials and markets have been able to beat the pandemic’s effects.

Vinh Hoan Corporation was one of them. It saw turnover and profit increase by 25 per cent and 33 per cent year-on-year in the first nine months of 2021 to VND2.3 trillion and VND233 billion, respectively.

A spokesperson said exports were not affected much since the company had stockpiled a huge volume of raw materials like catfish fillet while supply sources both at home and abroad were broken amid the pandemic.

Besides, its main export markets are the US and China, whose demand for seafood products remained steady despite the outbreak, he added.

Source: VNA



15th National Assembly to commence third session on May 23


AMRO forecasts Vietnam’s strong recovery amidst external headwinds

Vietnam unveils national costume for Miss International Queen 2022

Vietnamese representative Phung Truong Tran Dai officially unveiled an outfit that she will wear during the National Costume Competition at the Miss International Queen 2022 pageant set to take place in June in Thailand.

Exploring the unspoiled beauty of Du Gia

The striking beauty, peaceful nature and fresh air of Du Gia Village in Ha Giang Province never ceases to enchant travelers.

Vietnamese stocks see world-leading growth

The surge of several leading stocks is deemed as a driving force for Vietnam's stock market achieving the world's strongest gains.

Lam Kinh ancient royal capital holds feudal mysteries

The special national relic site of the Lam Kinh ancient royal capital of the Later Le Dynasty in Thanh Hoa's Tho Xuan District harbours mysterious tales about one of the most significant Vietnamese feudal reigns.

Artist goes bananas with rustic artworks

Dried banana bark might sound useless to many, but by using his creativity and skill, artist Phan Van Dac in Quang Binh Province creates vivid landscapes and soulful portraits.

Vietnam Airlines posts VND2.6-trillion net loss in Q1

Vietnam Airlines reported a net loss of over VND2.6 trillion in the first quarter of 2022, sending the national flag carrier’s accumulated loss up to VND24.5 trillion, or over US$1 billion.

Developers clamour for legal clarity

Real estate leaders suggest that detailed regulations are needed to promote a healthy condotel, officetel, and resort villa sector in Vietnam.

Soaring petrol price impacting multitude of industries

A surge in the world’s oil price is benefiting oil and gas businesses, but causing difficulties for other producers and pressurising the government’s efforts to rein in inflation.

Preserving the Mekong Delta's floating markets

The Mekong Delta's famed floating markets, where speciality products are sold on boats, provide a unique environment thatnbsp;is popular amongnbsp;both local and foreign visitors.

Lifebuoys available on rivers to prevent drowing

Tens of red and white lifebuoys have recently been hung on Long Bien Bridge crossing the Red River, Hanoi by a group of volunteers in the hope of saving drowning victims.

Urgent action needed on primate protection

A report by ENV showed that only 30% of total poaching violations in Vietnam were discovered, while 70% were unknown, meaning that the number of the langurs hunted in the forest was unclear.

Dried-frog products bring good income for farmers in An Giang

The road to the “dried-frog village” in Vinh Trung commune in Tinh Bien district in An Giang province gets especially busy beginning at 3 pm, when men set out to catch tree frogs.


SEA Games 31: Vietnamese judo team see gold number tripling target