return icon Vietnamnet.vn

Choose railways or airports

Many provinces have proposed building their own airports, but if there are high-speed rail routes, many people will not choose to fly a 300-500km distance.

High-speed rail is more convenient than air

In 2017, during a business trip in Japan, when moving from Tokyo to Osaka, Le Minh Tuan from Hanoi chose to take the Shinkansen high-speed train instead of a plane.

Although the flight time from Narita Airport (Tokyo) to Kansai International Airport (Osaka) is only 1.5 hours compared to 2.5 hours by Shinkansen, overall Shinkansen train is still convenient and more time saving than flying.

Chọn đường sắt hay sân bay-1

High-speed rail will attract passengers of airlines

 

“Flight time only takes 1.5 hours but it takes time to go to the airport, check in and baggage consignment… So the total time is longer than using Shinkansen high-speed rail. Shinkansen runs smoothly, has full services, and has wifi, so passengers can work on the train. The train operates absolutely punctually. There is no delay or flight cancellation like taking flights,” Tuan said.

Tuan's choice is nothing new to people in developed countries. But in Vietnam, if traveling a distance of 600 km (from Hanoi to Hue or Da Nang), most people choose to fly because it is more convenient and much faster.

Because of the convenience of airlines, many provinces want to have airports to facilitate travel, attract investment, and promote socio-economic development, and tourism.

Ninh Binh province is located close to Hanoi, with a convenient highway system. The time to Hanoi’s Noi Bai International Airport or the Tho Xuan airport (Thanh Hoa province) is only slightly more than one hour, but it still wants to build its own airport.

Many provinces have proposed having their own airports because there is no high-speed railway. However, if there is a high-speed railway system in the next 10 years, then many localities near Hanoi with the high-speed railway passing through will not need an airport.

General Director of the Vietnam Railway Corporation Vu Anh Minh said that when there is a railway with a speed of 200 km per hour or more, no one will fly from Hanoi to Vinh (Nghe An). At that time, railway stations will connect via roads, and people will just need to go to railway stations to take a trip.

Even for the long haul from Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City, which is now considered one of the four most air dynamic routes in the world, according to experts, when there is a North - South high-speed railway, the number of air passengers will significantly decrease.

Be cautious investing in airports

Chọn đường sắt hay sân bay-2

Can Tho airport

 

While many provinces want to build their own airports from now to 2050, only six out of the current 26 airports in the country are working at a profit, including Noi Bai, Tan Son Nhat, Da Nang, Cam Ranh, Lien Khuong, and Phu Bai. The remaining airports are operating at a loss.

Can Tho International Airport was built more than 10 years ago, but on its peak day, the airport only welcomes 10 flights. At the time this airport was built, the authorities identified that 12 provinces in the Mekong Delta with 20 million people needed to have a regional airport. But when it was put into operation, few people chose to travel by air.

Deputy Minister of Transport Nguyen Ngoc Dong noted that local governments must carefully calculate when building an airport because investment in airports is huge. If an airport does not operate fully, losses are obvious.

A developed country like Japan does not build many airports but instead focuses on developing high-speed rail. If compared with investment in the airport, construction of high-speed rail is more efficient.

High-speed railway required

According to Vietnam’s railway development strategy to 2020, with a vision to 2050, part of the North-South high-speed railway would be put into operation.

Under the plan, Vietnam would study the construction of a new high-speed railway line with the gauge of 1435 mm, prepare conditions for the construction of routes connecting Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, and the sections Hanoi - Vinh, Ho Chi Minh City - Nha Trang would be built first.

Chọn đường sắt hay sân bay-3
 

The consortium of TEDI - TRICC - TEDIS consultants assesses that by 2030, if Vietnam only focuses on investment in road, aviation, waterways and upgrading the existing railway, it will fail to meet transport demand.

The transport capacity then will lack about 100,000 passengers and 34,000 tons of cargo per day and night.

With the outstanding advantages of capacity and transport speed over medium and long distances (average annual carrying capacity of 100 -140 million passengers), high-speed rail fully meets the transport demand.

If there is a high-speed railway, the distribution of population will be more reasonable. People will not flock to major city centers such as Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, and localities will attract better investment, creating more jobs, and contributing to reasonable population allocation, reducing pressure on big cities.

The high-speed railway project is being studied by several ministries before it is submitted to the Government for consideration and then to the Politburo and the National Assembly for approval.

Previously, the Ministry of Transport submitted to the Prime Minister a pre-feasibility study report for the North-South high-speed railway project with a length of more than 1,500km passing through 20 provinces and cities, with total investment of $58.71 billion, designed speed of 350 km/h, operating speed of 320km/h, and divided into two phases of construction.

Phase 1 is scheduled in 2020-2032 with a total capital of $24.7 billion and phase 2 is in 2032-2050, with total capital of $34 billion.

Vu Diep

Solving VN railways' construction deadlock

Solving VN railways' construction deadlock

Integrating national and inter-regional railways with an urban transport system is a direction that can be chosen by megacities like Hanoi.

Why does Vietnam not develop airports en masse?

Why does Vietnam not develop airports en masse?

Following numerous requests made by localities nationwide to the Ministry of Transport about their desire to build airports, concerns have been raised by the public and economic experts regarding their feasibility and economic efficiency.

MORE NEWS

Flash flood guidance system in Southeast Asia announced

A conference to announce the Southeast Asia Flash Flood Guidance System (SeAFFGS) was held by the Vietnam Meteorological and Hydrological Administration (VNMHA) in Hanoi on June 28.

An unprecedented economic crisis and its possible impact on Vietnam

The economic crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic has been followed by the economic crisis associated with the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

Chief of Staff of Japan Air Self-Defence Force visits Vietnam

Deputy Minister of National Defense and Chief of the General Staff of the Vietnam People’s Army Sen. Lieut. Gen. Nguyen Tan Cuong received Izutsu Shunji, Chief of Staff of Japan Air Self-Defence Force, in Hanoi on June 28.

19 foreign airlines to run routes to Da Nang over coming months

Up to 19 foreign airlines are set to operate international routes both to and from Da Nang City of Vietnam between July 1 and October 29, according to the city’s authorities on June 28.

Noi Bai Airport overwhelmed by rising passenger numbers

The number of passengers passing through Noi Bai International Airport in Hanoi has reached a record number, exceeding the airport’s design capacity.

Aviation industry forecast to fully recover in 2025

It is not until 2025 that the local aviation sector can fully recover due to rising fuel prices and the slower-than-expected reopening of international markets, according to domestic airlines.

VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES JUNE 28

Hanoi airport faces serious congestion during summer peak

Hanoi and Hoi An among Top 25 Overall Experiences in Asia

Motorbike tours around Hanoi and cooking classes in Hoi An have made it into the Top 25 Overall Experiences in Asia, as voted on by readers of TripAdvisor.

Vietnam, Hungary seal judicial cooperation deal for 2022-2023

Vietnamese Minister of Justice Le Thanh Long and his Hungarian counterpart Judit Varga on June 27 signed a cooperation programme between the two ministries for the 2022-2023 period.

India conglomerate pledges to invest 10 billion USD in Vietnam

A joint venture between India’s Adani Group and Vietnam’s Anh Phat Investment Construction & Trading JSC has been approved by authorities of Da Nang to start studying the development of a major seaport in the central city.

VIETNAM BUSINESS NEWS JUNE 28

Govt approves appointment of contractors for North-South expy project

HCM City hi-tech park to speed up investment procedures

HCM City will focus on helping businesses invest in the Saigon Hi-tech Park in Thu Duc City by addressing slow administrative procedures, a conference on facilitating investment heard on June 27.

Korea, Vietnam to mark 30th anniversary of relations with cultural events

The Korea Content Creation Agency in Vietnam will organise a series of cultural-entertainment events this year to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

HCM City to promote AI in education sector

HCM City will need to promote the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the education sector as part of its effort to become a smart city by 2030, experts said.

Additionally-registered and share-purchased FDI soars sharply in first half of 2022

Despite newly-registered FDI dropping in the first half of the year, additionally-registered and share-purchased investments increased significantly on-year.
back_to_top