return icon Vietnamnet.vn

Deputy Minister of Defense reviews VN’s defense strategy in the new situation

Deputy Minister of Defense, Senior Lieutenant General Nguyen Chi Vinh reviews Vietnam’s military and defense hallmarks in 2020.

Despite big changes in 2020, what were the advantages and challenges for the implementation of military and defense missions?

{keywords}

Deputy Minister of Defense, Senior Lieutenant General Nguyen Chi Vinh.

 

The year 2020 is the last year of the 5-year term and it was a fundamental advantage in performing the defense and military missions that we have had regular and close leadership of the Party and the government's timely support.

However, this was also a year full of difficulties and challenges when the whole world was stalled by the Covid-19 pandemic. On the national level, Vietnam has dealt with the disease well and it is basically under control. In the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic, the military has performed heavy duties such as participating in the quarantine of hundreds of thousands of people, guarding the border to prevent illegal entry and exit, and others.

Thượng tướng Nguyễn Chí Vịnh nói về chiến lược quốc phòng trong tình hình mới

The military is involved in both disease prevention and border security enforcement.

 

 

In addition, we must perform military and defense missions well. It is to protect territorial sovereignty, and maintain peace for the country. It is easy to say rather than to do. To defend the country’s sovereignty, the first thing is to not allow a Covid-19 outbreak in the army, especially soldiers in remote areas.

Secondly, while fighting the epidemic, the army still has to be ready for combat and training tasks. In 2020, despite the Covid-19 pandemic, the entire army has operated normally.

What were the outstanding results of defense foreign affairs over the past year?

Defense foreign affairs are part of state foreign affairs, and a characteristic of defense foreign affairs is confidence building. The army is the fighting force to defend the homeland. In peacetime, this is a very special force to protect peace and friendship between nations by cooperation and commitments not to use force in all matters of international relations.

In the Party's documents, the Party Congress has repeatedly said that we must defend the Fatherland from an early stage and from a distance, by peaceful means. In addition to defending territorial sovereignty, the interests of the nation, the nation, the regime and the people, it is also about protecting peace. Therefore, the army must take an active part in foreign affairs.

In foreign affairs, first of all, we are interested in relations with neighboring countries such as Laos, Cambodia and China, and how to have a peaceful relationship, especially a stable and peaceful border. We have a land border, the border on the Gulf of Tonkin for peace, stability and cooperation for development, which are the driving force and the basis for the country’s stability and development.

In the East Sea, despite many difficulties and challenges, we still retain what we have and we constantly fight to defend legitimate sovereignty under international law. Meanwhile, peaceful activities at sea such as oil and gas exploration, fishing, marine research, transportation and tourism are still developing.

Thượng tướng Nguyễn Chí Vịnh nói về chiến lược quốc phòng trong tình hình mới

The Vietnam Cost Guard is always side by side with Vietnamese fishermen.

 

 

Secondly, we have relations with major countries as well as countries with interests related to Vietnam. We have relations with more than 80 countries in terms of defense and military. All relationships have substantial contents, bringing practical effects to the task of defending the country.

In terms of multilateral cooperation, defense and military relations of Vietnam in ASEAN are very prominent. In 2019 we officially became a partner of the European Union (EU) in terms of defense and military.

It is a very distant relationship, but we should remember that in 2020 we inked the European Union Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) with the EU, with very favorable conditions for the country's economic development. Without a defense cooperation agreement, there is no confidence and no trust for socio-economic agreements.

We also increased our activities in the United Nations (UN) environment. 2020 was the first year when two Vietnamese officers passed the exams to join the UN strategic advisory agency.

2020 was also a good year for Vietnamese female officers, who participated in UN peacekeeping operations at a proportion of about 17% - the highest rate of all countries in the world. All of the Vietnamese female officers have been rated for their excellent performance.

2020 was also the year that Vietnam assumed a dual role - non-permanent member of the UN Security Council and ASEAN Chairman. Could you evaluate the contributions in defense and foreign affairs in enhancing the role, position and reputation of Vietnam in the region and in the world?

Thượng tướng Nguyễn Chí Vịnh nói về chiến lược quốc phòng trong tình hình mới
 
Thượng tướng Nguyễn Chí Vịnh nói về chiến lược quốc phòng trong tình hình mới

Vietnam’s Minister of Defense, General Ngo Xuan Lich and the Defense Ministers of ADMM+ countries sign a joint statement.

 

Before entering 2020, we had plans with a lot of content, which set a requirement to make a breakthrough for the country’s position in the international arena. However, under the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, we had to change the plan.

In terms of defense, when the epidemic broke out, the military had to shift all operations to adapt to the prolonged epidemic. Secondly, we determined that despite the epidemic, the content of international cooperation on foreign affairs with ASEAN and the UN, particularly peacekeeping operations, would be maintained.

So far, we can say that all the plans and content have been done well. Recently, Vietnam organized the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus (ADMM-Plus - ADMM+) consisting of 10 ASEAN countries, eight partners and some guests (the UN, the EU, Canada, France, the UK, Germany). The event attracted the participation of Defense Ministers from all of these countries.

The content discussed at the conference has been very useful for Vietnam in defending sovereignty and enhancing the country's position, but also in creating a consensus of other countries. This is extremely difficult amid strategic division and fierce competition among powers. In particular, we signed the ADMM+ Joint Statement with a strategic vision.

Thượng tướng Nguyễn Chí Vịnh nói về chiến lược quốc phòng trong tình hình mới

Deputy Minister of Defense and Senior Lieutenant General Nguyen Chi Vinh

In 2010 we held the first ADMM+ and issued a joint announcement. In 2013, the ADMM+ issued the second joint statement. Since then, it has failed to release a joint statement due to a lack of consensus.

This time we could issue a joint statement with important content, such as on the East Sea: not using force, complying with international law, not making the situation more complicated, respecting political institutions of other countries...

All of this content was included in the joint statement even though some issues are sensitive to some countries. It is thanks to Vietnam’s position, geopolitical position, and Vietnam’s efforts in recent years that the big countries agreed to stand in the same playing field.

Can you comment on the national security situation in the world as well as Vietnam’s policy in the year to come?

I think that the situation in 2021 will still follow the trend of the past years: the strategic competition of powers will be getting intense, and strategic competition will be pouring more and more into Asia and the Pacific.

We must actively strengthen defense relations. Because we need to be proactive, we have to set the rules, and not wait. Besides multilateral relations, we must attach great importance to bilateral relations, especially with neighboring countries like Laos, Cambodia, China, old friends such as Russia and Cuba, and countries like Japan and South Korea.

Defense cooperation must be strengthened to increase trust, which is the basis for socio-economic development. Another area in which foreign defense must try harder is overcoming the consequences of war. International cooperation is very important to mobilize financial, technology and media resources to perform this task.

Thai An

Army should play active role in external affairs: Deputy Defence Minister

Army should play active role in external affairs: Deputy Defence Minister

Defence diplomacy is not only an external task of the Ministry of National Defence or the army but also associated with national independence, sovereignty, and interests of Vietnam, as well as security and peace in the region and the world.

Defence foreign policy crucial for safeguarding sovereignty

Defence foreign policy crucial for safeguarding sovereignty

Defence foreign policy has now become more critical than ever, as it plays an important role in creating a strategic enabling environment for both national defence and construction, especially in the maritime space.

 

MORE NEWS

Corporate bond market struggling with challenges

The size of the corporate bond market is estimated at some VND1,374 trillion, equivalent to 15% of GDP. The Government aims to raise this figure to 20% by 2025.

President requires greater efforts to promote value of Ngoc Linh ginseng

Ngoc Linh ginseng deserves the "National treasure" title, and it is necessary to strongly promote the role of this treasure in improving people's livelihoods, President Nguyen Xuan Phuc said .

EVFTA outpaces CPTPP in preference utilisation rate

The utilisation rate of tax incentives set out in the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) during Q1 soared by over 32%, representing a four-fold rise compared to the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).

Refusal to issue visas to new VN passport causes problems for travel firms

The rejection of Vietnam’s new passport by some EU member countries is affecting HCM City tourism companies since their customers are unable to travel to those countries.

Vietnam set to scrap COVID quarantine for imported processed seafood

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has removed COVID-related quarantine requirements for frozen processed seafood products imported for the purpose of reprocessing for export.

HCM City seeks to boost technology transfer from universities

Huynh Kim Tuoc, managing director of Sai Gon Innovation Hub's (SiHub) Start-up Support Centre under the HCM City Department of Science and Technology, affirmed Vietnam holds tremendous potential for technology development

Vigilance urged against COVID-19 amid emergence of new epidemics

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh asked ministries, agencies and localities to maintain vigilance against COVID-19 while addressing a meeting in Hanoi on Saturday.

Vietnamese, British agencies coordinate in identifying fire victims

The Consular Department under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Vietnamese Embassy in the UK will continue to coordinate with Vietnamese and British agencies to identify victims in a blaze in Greater Manchester on May 7.

Photo contest highlighting beauty of Vietnamese islands kicks off

Professional and amateur photographers across Vietnam are encouraged to compete in a photo contest highlighting the beauty of Vietnamese Hoang Sa and Truong Sa islands.

Enjoying Quang-style noodle soup in the place where it was born

Phu Chiem Village in Dien Phuong Commune, Dien Ban District, Quang Nam Province, is where the popular Quang-style noodle soup was first created. And where better to taste this specialty than the place where it was born.

Exploring hidden spots on Co To Island

Aside from white sand, the blue sea and fresh air, Co To Island in Quang Ninh Province has several other beautiful spots that are worth a visit.

Vietnamese leaders extend sympathy to Cuba over oil tank explosion

Top Vietnamese leaders have sent messages of sympathy to their Cuban counterparts over severe losses caused by a massive blaze in an oil storage facility in Cuba’s province of Matanzas on August 5.

CNN reporter loves Vietnamese fish sauce

Chris Dwyer, a reporter for CNN, says he has loved Vietnamese fish sauce made in Phu Quoc (South Vietnam), though it was not easy to taste at the beginning.

Apple CEO Tim Cook appreciates Vietnam market potential

Vietnam, together with Brazil, Indonesia and India that are emerging markets, have made practical contributions to Apple’s group’s outstanding performance in the second quarter of this year, said CEO Tim Cook.

Electronics manufacturers ‘forget’ to recall or recycle used products

Large electronics manufacturers are still not willing to participate in the collecting and recycling of electronic waste to ensure a good living environment for people.
back_to_top