return icon Vietnamnet.vn

Equipping localities in climate fight

Being one of the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters and climate change, Vietnam annually suffers from huge losses.

1528 p24 equipping localities in climate fight
The UNDP-led initiative covers not only climate change adaption but also disaster risk reduction for affected provinces up and down the country

Tropical thunderstorms Linfa, Nangka, Ofel, and Molave hit Vietnam’s central region last October, causing devastation and death. By the end of the month, they had killed over 240 people, collapsed and flooded an estimated 243,000 houses, and caused around $1.3 billion in infrastructure damage, according to the Vietnam Disaster Management Authority under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD).

“Provinces and cities in the central region have experienced two spells of heavy rain with record rainfall. The total rain volume in Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien-Hue provinces exceeded the historical toll seen in both 1979 and 1999. Some places recorded rain of up to 800mm per day with total rainfall of more than 3,000mm each period,” explained MARD Minister Nguyen Xuan Cuong.

According to the World Bank, the average annual disaster losses are about $2.7 billion, of which 60 per cent are concentrated along the coast.

Major menace

Disaster and climate challenges have become a top priority for policymakers in Vietnam. This is evidenced in national and sector strategies, and these challenges are identified as one of the key pillars of the new national development plan for the next decade. For example, the government adopted the National Climate Change Strategy in 2011 and the Vietnam Green Growth Strategy in 2012, which lay out a vision through to 2050. In addition, the government adopted the Support Programme to Respond to Climate Change for 2016-2020 that supported policy reform, capacity building, and increased investment for prioritised climate change and green growth actions in key sectors, including energy, transport, forestry, and water resource management.

Internationally, the government has also championed the cause of the environment, including at the Paris Climate Conference in 2015.

Climate and disaster risks are now recognised as a direct threat to Vietnam’s aspiration to become a high-income economy. Direct and indirect disaster losses are affecting not only the economy’s resilience and sustainability, but also its capacity to maintain rapid and inclusive growth.

For instance, rapid infrastructure development in the absence of consideration of disaster and climate risks is leading to rapidly-growing exposure and vulnerabilities to adverse natural events. “With anticipated growth of 265 per cent over the next 10 years, annual average direct disaster losses on the coast alone are expected to grow to $4.2 billion a year,” stated a recent World Bank report titled “From COVID-19 to climate change: How Vietnam can become the champion of green recovery”.

The report makes clear that development gains could be undermined by the loss of human life; destruction of commercial property, cultivable land, and infrastructure; reduction in agricultural yields and labour productivity; loss of tax revenue; and strained public budgets from spending on relief and reconstruction.

“Vietnam is standing at a crossroads of post-pandemic recovery. It has an opportunity to set itself on a greener, smarter, and more inclusive development path that will bolster resilience to future shocks from both pandemics and climate-related disasters,” said Carolyn Turk, World Bank country director for Vietnam.

1528 p24 equipping localities in climate fight
Localities are integrating climate change factors into development strategies at all levels

A fresh initiative

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Vietnam has collaborated with the Eco-community Development Centre (ECODE) under the Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Associations to initiate an information package on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation (DRR-CCA) in seven coastal provinces of Nam Dinh, Thanh Hoa, Quang Binh, Thua Thien-Hue, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, and Ca Mau, aiming to help the provinces integrate disaster and climate change risk into their socioeconomic development plans.

The programme sits alongside the initiative to improve the resilience of coastal communities to climate change in Vietnam, jointly funded by the UNDP, the Green Climate Fund (GCF), and Vietnam’s government.

Specifically, ECODE last week cooperated with the GCF’s Project Management Unit in Quang Binh to organise a planning workshop in Dong Hoi city, focusing on integrating DRR-CCA into the province’s 5-year Socioeconomic Development Plan for 2021-2025 (SDP). In December, a similar event in Quang Nam also took place.

“In its new SDP 2021-2025, Quang Nam sees climate change adaptation is the responsibility of authorities at all levels, sectors, businesses, and the whole community,” said Le Thi Tuyet Hanh, deputy director of Quang Nam Department of Natural Resources and Environment. “The province will integrate climate change factors into development strategies and plans at all levels, sectors, and localities, both in legal documents and in implementation.”

Statistics of damage caused by natural disasters in Quang Nam during 2010-2016 showed total economic loss was estimated at around VND4.2 trillion ($182.6 million). Especially in 2020, extreme natural disasters caused great losses worth hundreds of millions of US dollars to Quang Nam, with floods and landslides killing dozens of people.

In another case, Nam Dinh Department of Planning and Investment (DPI), also beset by natural disasters, has also advanced the province’s plan on integrating DRR-CCA into its SDP 2021-2025. Under the plan, the provincial People’s Committee enacted a directive which must be integrated with DRR-CCA. At that point, the DPI promulgates a related guideline. After that, the plan will be discussed with comments from the Ministry of Planning and Investment. Thereafter it will be submitted to the committee before being implemented by districts which will have to make their own plans of the types including DRR-CCA integration.

According to the GCF-UNDP Project Management Unit, workshops on integrating DRR-CCA into SDPs for 2021-2025 have also been organised in Nam Dinh, Thua Thien-Hue, Quang Ngai, and Ca Mau.

Results showed that so far, about 270 delegates from these provinces have partaken in the events including 300 key planners participating in workshops, and 60 people participating in consultation process – with 30 per cent being women. They are representatives from province, district, and commune levels. “Participants have been equipped with knowledge about impacts of disasters and climate change on all sectors of their localities. Especially, they understand that it is necessary to boost the integration of DRR-CCA in their localities’ SDPs,” stated a report from the Project Management Unit.

This project has also assessed DRR-CCA for about 330 communes of 35 districts in the seven provinces.

As of late December 2020, five provinces - Nam Dinh, Thua Thien-Hue, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, and Ca Mau - have completed their drafts on SDPs for 2021-2025.

For example, Ca Mau has integrated DRR-CCA into its plan of the type, with specific targets in some sectors like agriculture and rural development, natural resources and the environment, industry and trade, transport, construction, education and training, and healthcare.

Meanwhile, Thua Thien-Hue has also carried out the same, with DRR-CCA integrated into sectors such as irrigation infrastructure, development of coastal works, and land use planning. Some specific projects involve strengthening 1,180km of irrigation canals, strengthening a section of coast in Thuan An-Tu Hien, preventing landslides at a coastal area of Hai Duong; and constructing an area for shielding ships and boats from storms in Phu Hai area.

Commenting on the benefits of integrating DRR-CCA into strategy and planning, Professor Truong Quang Hoc, an expert on climate change and sustainable development said, “Comprehensive integration will save and increase the efficiency of resources, especially in terms of time as well as funding. Moreover, it increases the quality of climate change adaptation projects and solutions because of investment-focused stakeholder engagement.” VIR

Thanh Dat

Climate Change: Vietnam’s strong political commitment to protection of human rights

Climate Change: Vietnam’s strong political commitment to protection of human rights

In the context of the speed of climate change, urbanization is increasing rapidly and complicatedly, human rights violations such as social inequality, discrimination against women and migrants, refugees, extreme poverty... still happen.

HCM City drafts 10-year climate change response plan

HCM City drafts 10-year climate change response plan

HCM City has drafted a long-term plan to combat the detrimental effects of climate change.

MORE NEWS

Corporate bond market struggling with challenges

The size of the corporate bond market is estimated at some VND1,374 trillion, equivalent to 15% of GDP. The Government aims to raise this figure to 20% by 2025.

President requires greater efforts to promote value of Ngoc Linh ginseng

Ngoc Linh ginseng deserves the "National treasure" title, and it is necessary to strongly promote the role of this treasure in improving people's livelihoods, President Nguyen Xuan Phuc said .

EVFTA outpaces CPTPP in preference utilisation rate

The utilisation rate of tax incentives set out in the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) during Q1 soared by over 32%, representing a four-fold rise compared to the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).

Refusal to issue visas to new VN passport causes problems for travel firms

The rejection of Vietnam’s new passport by some EU member countries is affecting HCM City tourism companies since their customers are unable to travel to those countries.

Vietnam set to scrap COVID quarantine for imported processed seafood

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has removed COVID-related quarantine requirements for frozen processed seafood products imported for the purpose of reprocessing for export.

HCM City seeks to boost technology transfer from universities

Huynh Kim Tuoc, managing director of Sai Gon Innovation Hub's (SiHub) Start-up Support Centre under the HCM City Department of Science and Technology, affirmed Vietnam holds tremendous potential for technology development

Vigilance urged against COVID-19 amid emergence of new epidemics

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh asked ministries, agencies and localities to maintain vigilance against COVID-19 while addressing a meeting in Hanoi on Saturday.

Vietnamese, British agencies coordinate in identifying fire victims

The Consular Department under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Vietnamese Embassy in the UK will continue to coordinate with Vietnamese and British agencies to identify victims in a blaze in Greater Manchester on May 7.

Photo contest highlighting beauty of Vietnamese islands kicks off

Professional and amateur photographers across Vietnam are encouraged to compete in a photo contest highlighting the beauty of Vietnamese Hoang Sa and Truong Sa islands.

Enjoying Quang-style noodle soup in the place where it was born

Phu Chiem Village in Dien Phuong Commune, Dien Ban District, Quang Nam Province, is where the popular Quang-style noodle soup was first created. And where better to taste this specialty than the place where it was born.

Exploring hidden spots on Co To Island

Aside from white sand, the blue sea and fresh air, Co To Island in Quang Ninh Province has several other beautiful spots that are worth a visit.

Vietnamese leaders extend sympathy to Cuba over oil tank explosion

Top Vietnamese leaders have sent messages of sympathy to their Cuban counterparts over severe losses caused by a massive blaze in an oil storage facility in Cuba’s province of Matanzas on August 5.

CNN reporter loves Vietnamese fish sauce

Chris Dwyer, a reporter for CNN, says he has loved Vietnamese fish sauce made in Phu Quoc (South Vietnam), though it was not easy to taste at the beginning.

Apple CEO Tim Cook appreciates Vietnam market potential

Vietnam, together with Brazil, Indonesia and India that are emerging markets, have made practical contributions to Apple’s group’s outstanding performance in the second quarter of this year, said CEO Tim Cook.

Electronics manufacturers ‘forget’ to recall or recycle used products

Large electronics manufacturers are still not willing to participate in the collecting and recycling of electronic waste to ensure a good living environment for people.
back_to_top