return icon

Exploring nine Ramsar sites of Vietnam

Vietnam became a member of the Convention on Wetlands, known as the Ramsar Convention, in 1989. 

So far, nine wetlands in the country have been recognised as Ramsar sites – wetlands of international importance.

Exploring nine Ramsar sites of Vietnam hinh anh 1

Tram Chim National Park 



The Ramsar Convention, signed in Iran’s Ramsar city in 1971, is an international treaty that provides a framework for the conservation and sound use of wetlands and their resources. It aims to stem the increasing encroachment on and loss of wetlands at present as well as in the future.

Assessed as a country with diverse wetland ecosystems and 25 areas able to meet the criteria of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, Vietnam ratified and became the 50th signatory to this convention in 1989. It was also the first in Southeast Asia to do so.

1. Xuan Thuy National Park – important bird sanctuary

In 1989, the alluvial ground in the south of the Red River’s mouth in Xuan Thuy district, the northern province of Nam Dinh, was listed as the 50th Ramsar site in the world and the first in Vietnam and Southeast Asia.

Xuan Thuy National Park boasts 14 types of biotopes, both natural and artificial. The biotopes with the highest biodiversity value are alluvial deposits and natural submerged forests.

Thanks to the diversity and relatively intact state of biotopes here, the park is an important stopover and wintering habitat for migratory water birds.

Surveys in 1988 and 1994 spotted more than 20,000 water birds in the area. Among them, there were eight species threatened or near-threatened at a global level, including the black-faced spoonbill, Chinese egret, spotted greenshank, Saunders's gull, spot-billed pelican, spoon-billed sandpiper, painted stork, and Asian dowitcher.

Notably, Xuan Thuy National Park is home to the largest population of black-faced spoonbills in Vietnam.

2. Bau Sau Wetlands and Seasonal Floodplains – habitat of Siamese crocodiles

In 2005, Bau Sau Wetlands and Seasonal Floodplains, part of Cat Tien National Park in the southern province of Dong Nai, was designated as the 1,499th Ramsar site in the world and the second in Vietnam.

Bau Sau is located in an endemic bird area in Vietnam’s southern lowlands. It provides a habitat for tens of bird species closely linked with wetlands, including both endemic and migratory ones, with such rare species as the woolly-necked stork, peacock, lesser adjutant, white-shouldered ibis, and white-winged duck.

Other rare animal species here include Asian elephant, sun bear, Asian black bear and tiger. Bau Sau is also home to the Siamese crocodile, which is listed as critically endangered in Vietnam’s Red Data Book (2007) and on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List (2012).

3. Ba Be National Park – green jade of northeastern mountains

Ba Be National Park in the northern mountainous province of Bac Kan became the 1,938th Ramsar site in the world and the third in Vietnam in 2011.

It is assessed as a unique ecosystem with Ba Be Lake at its centre, a large natural lake that is situated at an altitude of 178 metres above sea level.

The park boasts diverse freshwater biotopes, including stagnant ponds and swamps. It holds great significance in the country's protected area system because it is the only site that has a natural lake surrounded by a mountainous karst ecosystem.

Ba Be Lake habours more than 100 freshwater fish species, many animals threatened at different levels like the Owston's palm civet and François' langur, and over 230 bird species, including the globally endangered white-eared night heron and the near-threatened great hornbill and grey-headed fish eagle.

4. Tram Chim National Park

Tram Chim National Park in the southern province of Dong Thap was named the 2,000th Ramsar site in the world and the fourth in Vietnam in 2012.

The park, mainly covered by seasonally flooded grasslands and cajuput forests, is home to hundreds of bird, plant and fish species. Large populations of water birds are also present here, especially those migrating from the north to avoid the cold winter.

The sarus crane, the symbolic species of Tram Chim National Park, is listed as vulnerable at global and national levels.

5. Mui Ca Mau National Park – three sides bordering the sea

Also in 2012, Mui Ca Mau (Ca Mau Cape) National Park, in the southernmost province of Ca Mau, entered the list of wetlands of international importance, becoming the 2,088th of its kind in the world and the fifth in Vietnam.

It has a large area of intertidal mudflats and submerged forests. This is the only place in Vietnam that has three sides bordering the sea and where two different tidal regimes interact, which contributes to building new mudflats and creating favourable habitats for many species.  The site also provides important stopover and wintering habitats for a large number of water birds.

In 2010, the IUCN recorded many globally endangered species here, including primates, birds, otters, reptiles and fishes.

6. Con Dao National Park – first maritime Ramsar site in Vietnam

Con Dao National Park in the southern province of Ba Ria-Vung Tau became the 2,203rd Ramsar site in the world and the sixth in Vietnam in 2013.

There, more than 1,000 vascular plant species and a large number of birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Many bird species in Con Dao cannot be found anywhere else in Vietnam, such as the red-billed tropicbird, masked booby and pied imperial pigeon.

Surveys by the Nha Trang Institute of Oceanography found there are over 1,300 maritime fauna and flora species, including 44 in Vietnam’s Red Data Book, in the park. Particularly, Con Dao is home to a small population of dugongs which are vulnerable to extinction around the world.

Con Dao National Park is also an important nesting place for olive ridley sea turtles and hawksbill sea turtles, two species threatened with extinction globally.

7. Lang Sen Wetlands Reserve

Lang Sen Wetland Reserve, part of Dong Thap Muoi (the Plain of Reeds) in the Mekong Delta, was designated as the seventh Ramsar site in Vietnam in 2015.

Surveys show that Lang Sen is home to 156 plant species and 149 vertebrates, 13 of which are named in Vietnam’s Red Data Book.

8. U Minh Thuong National Park

The eighth Ramsar site in Vietnam is U Minh Thuong National Park in the Mekong Delta province of Kien Giang, which gained the recognition in 2016.

It is one of the two most important peatland areas in the country, the other is U Minh Ha.

The ecosystem of cajuput forests on peatland holds special importance as it nurtures hundreds of kinds of wild animals, including birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, insects and many aquatic species.

There are 72 rare animal and plant species in U Minh Thuong listed in Vietnam’s Red Data Book and the IUCN Red List.

9. Van Long Wetland Nature Reserve – habitat of biggest langur community in Vietnam

Van Long Wetland Nature Reserve in the northern province of Ninh Binh earned the Ramsar site status in 2018, the 2,360th of its kind in the world and the ninth in Vietnam.

The site is one of the few intact lowland inland wetlands remaining in the Red River Delta. It is centred on a block of limestone karst outcrops that rise abruptly from the flat coastal plains of northern Vietnam.

The freshwater lake, marshes and swamps that surround the karst structures, together with subterranean hydrological systems, form a wetland complex that is very rare in the Indochinese Peninsula.

The limestone mounts are famous for providing a home for the critically endangered Delacour’s langur, one of the world’s 25 most endangered primates. The site is home to more than half of the global population and is the only place where the species can be observed in the wild.

The park is also an important refuge and breeding ground for a number of aquatic species, and a staging site for water birds. It provides important ecosystem services for the surrounding communities, including its aquatic and agricultural resources, water regulation and scenic beauty for recreation and ecotourism./. VNA

Nine world recognised Ramsar sites in Vietnam

Nine world recognised Ramsar sites in Vietnam

Ramsar, or the Convention of Wetlands, is an intergovernmental treaty that provides a framework for conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. 


Vietnam looks forwards to stronger investment from US, Europe

Vietnam is hoping to attract more investment from the US, Europe and major global enterprises under a recently approved strategy on foreign investment cooperation.

People in HCMC wait in long queues at passport office on July 1

On July 1 afternoon, thousands of people lined up waiting for passports at the Immigration Department on the first day of issuing ordinary passports in the new form.

Three SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant BA.5 cases detected in Hanoi

Although the number of daily new cases of Covid-19 is decreasing sharply, Hanoi has recorded three infections caused by the BA.5 sub-strain of the Omicron coronavirus variant.

Binh Duong ranks first nationwide by GDP

The southern province of Binh Duong took the lead among Vietnam’s 63 provinces and cities in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in 2021, according to the latest data released by the General Statistics Office.

Tan Hoang Minh allegedly appropriates VND8 trillion of investors

Tan Hoang Minh Group, a major property developer based in Hanoi, is facing charges of misappropriating over VND8 trillion from investors, said a Ministry of Public Security representative.

Businesses get set for circular economy

Vietnam’s rapid economic growth has caused environmental challenges which have forced the nation to focus on fostering the development of a circular economy with less pollution and reused and recycled products.

Over 60,000 fishing vessels urged to seek safe shelter from storm Chaba

Approximately 60,000 fishing vessels operating at sea have been urgently notified to avoid dangerous areas and seek safe shelter from incoming Storm Chaba, according to the National Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control.

Siem Reap - Da Nang air route resumed

Flight K6 840 departed from Siem Reap of Cambodia at 3:35 pm on July 1 and landed safely at Da Nang International Airport at 5:35pm on the same day.

Embassy: two Vietnamese arrested in Spain for alleged sexual assault

Police on the Spanish island of Mallorca on June 25 said they had arrested two Vietnamese citizens accused of raping a 17-year-old girl and privacy violation, according to the Vietnamese Embassy in Spain.

The key role of top leaders in fighting corruption in Vietnam

Head of the Party Central Committee's Commission for Internal Affairs Phan Dinh Trac has emphasized the important role of top leaders, especially Party Secretary General Nguyen Phu Trong, the people and the media in fighting corruption.

Huge costs for filling Ha Long largest open-cast coal mine

It would cost about VND 1.20 trillion (USD 52.18 million) to fill the Nui Beo open-cast coal mine pit in Ha Long City after closure.

Cutting taxes on petrol products is more urgent than ever

“VND50,000 please. No, just VND30,000."  “VND100,000, please. No, only VND70,000." These were conversations I heard yesterday at a filling station.

28 provinces, 21 central hospitals report lack of drugs, medical equipment

Twenty-eight healthcare departments and 12 out of 21 central hospitals have reported they lack drugs.

HCMC proposes developing huge port in Can Gio

The HCMC government has proposed developing an international container port in the outlying district of Can Gio with an estimated investment of some US$6 billion to aid the local marine economy.

500 tonnes of Vietnamese-labelled rice exported to EU

Loc Troi Group JSC exported nearly 500 tonnes of rice labelled with its own brand name “Com Vietnam Rice” to the EU markets in June.