PCA decision to set up rep office shows Vietnam’s position internationally: expert

The opening of a representative office in Hanoi by the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) marks important progress in Vietnam’s integration with the world and its attitude toward international laws.

PCA decision to set up rep office shows Vietnam’s position internationally: expert

Deputy Foreign Minister Pham Quang Hieu and PCA Secretary General Hugo Siblesz sign a document on the establishment of a PCA Rep. Office in Vietnam (Phôt: baoquocte)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and PCA on October 27 announced that PCA will set up an office with staff in Hanoi to conduct PCA hearings and meetings. This will be the fourth office of PCA, except for the main office in The Hague.

The establishment of a PCA office in Hanoi represents a further step of cooperation in realizing the targets set out in the Host Country Agreement signed by the PCA and Vietnam in 2014.

In the late 19th century, the achievements of the industrial revolution led to trade and investment growth in many European countries. But it also led to an increased risk of war among these countries. To avoid the risk of war, many countries from Europe, Asia and Mexico decided to participate in the Peace Conference in 1899.

The peace conference ended up with the signing of a convention on peaceful settlement of international disputes by the participating countries in The Hague. After the success of the Alabama case, the signatories to the 1899 Convention also agreed on the establishment of a permanent arbitration institution to use arbitration for the settlement of international disputes. This was the establishment of PCA.

The 1899 Convention says with an aim of preventing, as much as possible, the use of force in relations between countries, the States participating in the convention agree to use their best efforts to ensure the peaceful settlement of international disputes.

The States also acknowledge that for legal matters, especially in the interpretation or application of international conventions, arbitration is the most effective and at the same time the fairest means to settle disputes which cannot be solved by diplomatic channel.

PCA was officially established in 1900 and became operational in 1902. In 1907, the second peace conference was convened with the participation of other countries from the Central and South America. The 1899 Convention was amended and supplemented with the principles of conducting arbitration proceedings.

Though most of the States that are members of the 1899 Convention are also members of the 1907 Convention, both conventions are still valid. PCA now has 122 member States.

Vietnam signed both conventions.

 

At first, PCA was established as an institution to settle disputes among countries. Later, in 1930s, PCA expanded its practice and began conducting conciliation and arbitration activities for international disputes between nations and other private subjects.

The opening of the PCA representative office in Hanoi is the result of the process in which MOFA represented the Government to sign and promote activities with PCA, beginning in 2014.

Many countries have the intention to set up PCA offices in their countries, but haven’t got the nod from PCA. This shows the success Vietnam obtained when promoting cooperation activities with PCA. Also, it shows Vietnam’s increasingly important role and position in the international community.

The opening of a PCA office in Hanoi also marks an important step forward in Vietnam’s integration with the world and its attitudes towards international laws.

Vietnam has signed many bilateral and multilateral trade agreements. It is now a member of CPTPP (The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership), EVFTA (EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement) and RCEP (the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership). There are risks of disputes among the member countries of the agreements, and PCA will serve as an important institution to solve disputes among parties.

The opening of an office by PCA in Vietnam also shows that Vietnam's position in the international arena has changed a lot, and at the same time shows Vietnam's serious attitude towards the use of international law to resolve disagreements with other countries as well as other subjects in the world. 

Viet Hoang

Lecturer of the HCM City University of Law, Member of the Vietnam Bar Federation

Permanent Court of Arbitration sets up rep. office in Vietnam

Permanent Court of Arbitration sets up rep. office in Vietnam

The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) has decided to establish its representative office in Vietnam under an agreement signed with the Vietnamese Government in Hanoi on October 27.

Five years of PCA's ruling: no such thing as ‘power creating justice’

Five years of PCA's ruling: no such thing as ‘power creating justice’

The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)'s ruling has been an irrevocable part of history. It will act as a “guide” for countries involved in the struggle for an order based on rules and not on “force creating justice.”  

 
 

Other News

.
E-commerce platforms win big in 2021 amid pandemic
E-commerce platforms win big in 2021 amid pandemic
FEATUREicon  31/12/2021 

The Covid-19 pandemic has turned out to be a golden opportunity for e-commerce platforms as online shopping was the only alternative to obtain essentials during lockdown.

Agricultural production must not fall back in 2022: Prime Minister
Agricultural production must not fall back in 2022: Prime Minister
FEATUREicon  31/12/2021 

It’s necessary to be daring and set a high goal of exporting $50 billion worth of farm produce in 2022 as agriculture is a pillar of the economy, said Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh at a conference on December 29.

Stock market 2021: records broken
Stock market 2021: records broken
FEATUREicon  30/12/2021 

Covid-19 posed difficulties to many people in 2021, but not to securities investors. They earned big money as the VN Index climbed to new highs.

Hanoi warned of more serious traffic jams if it bans motorbikes too soon
Hanoi warned of more serious traffic jams if it bans motorbikes too soon
FEATUREicon  30/12/2021 

If Hanoi authorities prohibit motorbikes by 2025 in the center, when the public transport network is still not capable of satisfying people’s demand, many would have to use private cars. If so, the traffic would be even worse.

Tourism 2021: opens today, closes tomorrow
Tourism 2021: opens today, closes tomorrow
FEATUREicon  29/12/2021 

The tourism industry experienced another tough year in 2021 as policies applied by local authorities changed often.

Farm export deadlock at border gates: long-term solution needed
Farm export deadlock at border gates: long-term solution needed
FEATUREicon  29/12/2021 

Preliminary treatment centers and cold storage warehouses along the border and systematic logistics chains are both needed, experts said.

Finance ministry proposes tax policy to prevent land speculation
Finance ministry proposes tax policy to prevent land speculation
FEATUREicon  29/12/2021 

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh has assigned the Ministry of Finance (MOF) to study and design some kinds of tax related to the real estate market, including property tax, in order to stabilize the market and reduce speculation.

ESports could be lucrative for 4G, 5G service providers
ESports could be lucrative for 4G, 5G service providers
FEATUREicon  28/12/2021 

As the telecommunication market is getting saturated, new content services such as livestream and e-sports are expected to help telecom carriers maintain growth.

5,000 container trucks stuck at border gates amid 50 talks with China
5,000 container trucks stuck at border gates amid 50 talks with China
FEATUREicon  27/12/2021 

The Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT) reported that 1,555 trucks carrying exports to China are stuck in Quang Ninh as of December 25, and 4,204 in Lang Son as of December 25. Some of them have been deadlocked for a month.

Thu Thiem land auction puts an end to sale of public land at low prices
Thu Thiem land auction puts an end to sale of public land at low prices
FEATUREicon  28/12/2021 

Four land plots in advantageous positions in the new urban area of Thu Thiem in HCM City were sold for VND37.346 trillion through an auction recently.

Hanoi needs to change its way of managing Covid patient treatment
Hanoi needs to change its way of managing Covid patient treatment
FEATUREicon  28/12/2021 

As the number of Covid-19 cases is increasing day by day in Hanoi, the municipal authorities need to create another scenario.

Vietnamese farmers benefit from high-tech
Vietnamese farmers benefit from high-tech
FEATUREicon  30/12/2021 

In recent years, thanks to the introduction of digital technology into agricultural production, Vietnamese farmers have earned millions of US dollars or even tens of millions of dollars.

Casinos suffer heavy losses, wait for brighter days
Casinos suffer heavy losses, wait for brighter days
FEATUREicon  25/12/2021 

As many as 56 businesses in Vietnam are licensed to provide prize-winning games at 63 hotels and nine casino businesses.

Metaverse: the race to enter the virtual universe
Metaverse: the race to enter the virtual universe
FEATUREicon  27/12/2021 

Metaverse is very close to human life. Right now, government agencies, businesses and citizens need a way to be ready to adapt to a future world.

Congestion at border gates, seaports stalls transport of farm exports
Congestion at border gates, seaports stalls transport of farm exports
FEATUREicon  25/12/2021 

Farm exports experienced a tough year in 2021 due to continued congestion at border gates. Despite this, agricultural produce still reached export turnover of $47 billion for the year.

Pandemic offers lessons and once-in-a-century opportunity: MIC Minister
Pandemic offers lessons and once-in-a-century opportunity: MIC Minister
FEATUREicon  25/12/2021 

Vietnam expects to jump into the second position in the region in terms of digital economy, just following Indonesia, officials have said.

When will congestion at Vietnam-China border gates end?
When will congestion at Vietnam-China border gates end?
FEATUREicon  24/12/2021 

Vietnamese exports stuck at Vietnam-China border gates has been a common sight for years.

Parents debate about need for handwriting practice
Parents debate about need for handwriting practice
FEATUREicon  24/12/2021 

Vietnamese parents agree that their children need to be good at math, but disagree on whether they need to have good handwriting.

Vietnamese fruits sell for sky-high prices in world market
Vietnamese fruits sell for sky-high prices in world market
FEATUREicon  24/12/2021 

2021 has been a fruitful year for Vietnam’s agriculture as many farm specialties have entered choosy markets.

Hanoi has ‘more than enough’ money to develop modern transport under new investment model
Hanoi has ‘more than enough’ money to develop modern transport under new investment model
FEATUREicon  27/12/2021 

The Cat Linh – Ha Dong elevated railway project provides a lesson on public asset valuation. Selling and buying back infrastructure projects at their real value will allow the effective usage of resources.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN