More capital flows come to economic, industrial parks in 2021
Economic and industrial parks nationwide drew 539 foreign-invested and 615 domestic projects with a total registered capital of 12.8 billion USD last year despite COVID-19 pandemic, up 15 percent annually.
The additional capital reached 236.2 trillion VND, equivalent to that in 2020.
The ministry’s Department of Economic Zones Department said as of late 2021, the country was home to 564 IPs under planning with a total area of 211,700ha, 398 established IPs covering 123,500ha, 292 of them have been put into operation and 108 under construction.
Among 292 IPs under operation, 265 have been equipped with concentrated wastewater treatment plants capable of processing a maximum of 1.24 million cu.m each day, or 91 percent – meeting the target assigned by the National Assembly. Occupancy rate at IPs reached 52.5 percent while that in the operational ones was nearly 71 percent.
At present, there are 18 coastal economic zones in 17 cities and provinces with a total land and water surface area of 871,500ha.
So far, IPs and economic zones have attracted 10,331 foreign and 10,288 domestic projects worth 231.6 billion USD and 2.54 quadrillion VND (11.04 billion USD), respectively. The disbursed capital reached around 69 percent and 46.5 percent of the total registered capital.
The department also reported that the Prime Minister approved the construction, expansion and adjustment of infrastructure in IPs with a total area of roughly 11,231ha last year. As many as 17 IPs in the northern provinces of Bac Giang, Vinh Phuc, Thai Binh, Hai Duong, Hung Yen and Thai Nguyen covering 4,151ha have been approved by the PM for additional planning.
Due to the pandemic, the total revenue of IPs and economic zones neared 182 billion USD last year, down 27 percent year-on-year. They earned some 132 billion USD from exports, or 59 percent of the country’s total, down 11 percent annually, and contributed approximately 121 trillion VND to the State budget, down 7.5 percent.
Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyen Thi Bich Ngoc said over the past time, the Government, ministries, agencies and localities have adopted measures to cut input costs incurred by firms in IPs while accelerating vaccination and taking flexible pandemic prevention and control measures.
A number of initiatives have been launched in IPs, hi-tech and industrial clusters, such as “three on-site”, “ one route – two destinations” to fill orders, seek the supply of materials and cut operating costs.
Former Director of the MoPI’s Foreign Investment Agency Phan Huu Thang suggested the Government issue policies to draw large-scale projects to IPs, thus forming large-scale production clusters with high connectivity between firms in IPs and economic zones, and between domestic and foreign enterprises.
In particular, further attention should be paid to ecological, industrial-urban-service, support, hi-tech agriculture IPs with synchronous infrastructure, making it easier to lure quality capital, he added.
The goods supply chain that connects HCM City and provinces in the southern key economic zone plays an important role in the economic development and social stability of the entire region. But it has been disrupted because of Covid-19.