VietNamNet Bridge – Art and entertainment groups like the Viet Nam Circuis Federation must find their own funding as State sponsorship begins to dwindle in the face of a growing market economy. Do Thuy reports.



Making sacrifices: To create a good show, artists must train and rehearse day and night. — VNS Photos Truong Vi



As Viet Nam's economy shifts further toward a market economy, art and entertainment establishments, which used to be under the sponsorship of the state now have to sink or swim on their own merits.

Viet Nam National Music Song and Dance Theatre, Tuoi Tre (Youth) Theatre and Viet Nam Circus Federation (VCF) are among the art units which have cut spending by 30 per cent this year according to the state budget for art establishments from 2015 to 2017 from the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism.

Viet Nam National Music Song and Dance Theatre has adapted well by making use of its good infrastructure with a spacious campus, cafe's, restaurants, large parking as well as a beautiful location.

Thank to the active operation and the financial support from foreign culture organisations and funds from Sweden, Denmark, Norway, the Youth Theatre is also confident about the future.



Money matters: The artists' livelihoods are now being challenged by spending cuts.

In contrast, Viet Nam Circus Federation (VCF) seems to be facing many difficulties.

Meeting artists at a VCF rehearsal of Tinh Yeu Ben Dong Song (Love by the River), I witnessed their engrossing performances. In front of my eyes, two artists were swinging about two metres above the ground, they were performing acrobatics.

I understood how tough their job is. Circus shows entertain audiences after stressful days. However, to have a good show, artists have to spend a lot of time training, practising, and rehearsing day and night. They have to exert a lot of effort and even suffer injuries for the show.

Their livelihoods are now being challenged by the spending cuts. In the past, the state covered VCF's spending. The performers did not need to worry about their salary and spending for shows as well as the federation's operation. However, VCF leaders now have to balance the account books in the market economy.

"Circus is a career which has its specific characteristics," said Ta Duy Anh, director of Viet Nam Circus Federation.

"There are the gaps between artists' age and seniority. Some are not old enough to retire, but they are not young enough to continue performing."

Anh said some actors or actresses at the age of 40 or 50 could not perform, but the federation still had to pay their salary. These artists contributed to the federation's success, so it was difficult to take them off the payroll. Meanwhile, some young artists who were performing on the stage are not official employees. Therefore, the federation needed to balance its spending to ensure equality between artists.

Attracting good artists to work is difficult because to do that, the federation needs to give incentives such as high salary and good equipment. However, with VCF's conditions at present, it is not easy to do so.

"Creating art programmes that attract audiences takes a long time, at least two or three years," Anh added. "This time is for training new artists, writing scripts, training and practising new actions and dance movements. Therefore, the VCF's progammes may be interrupted in two or three years".



Hanging by threads: Their love for the circus helps them overcome everything.


Facing these difficulties, the VCF has entertained many ideas.

"The federation always makes long-term plans for its development, at least in five years. In each year, the leaders prepare detailed plans for that year", said Anh .

Additionally, as the leader of the federation, Anh always studies circus trends across the world.

"We need to know where we are in the world, what our strengths are, what the audiences need from our performances and what we can apply to our circus," Anh added.

Beside that, the VCF also receives orders from the Ministry of Culture on special occasions such as Independence Day and International Children's Day.

"These are big programmes with a big turnover that can partly compensate for the State budget cuts," Anh said.



Worth it: Although artists at VCF face difficulties and often injure themselves during practice, they still love their careers.



The VCF often has shows for organisations, schools, companies. These shows also contribute to increasing artists' income and partly help the VCF overcome its difficulties.

Asked to comment about the Ministry of Culture's policy, Anh said this was the right policy.

"I think this is a reasonable policy", he said. "It is reasonable because it is time for artists who are performing to receive compensation equal to their efforts. They should not have to work to provide income for other artists. And those who do not work will certainly not receive payment."

Although the staff of the VCF face with difficulties, accidents when they practise, rehearse, prepare for their performances, they still have love for their career.

"My grandfather, Ta Duy Hien, known as the founder of the Vietnamese circus, inspired me. I was trained to be a circus artist since I was young, so my love for it has gradually grown," Anh said. "It is 40 years since I started the work of a clown. I do it with all my enthusiasm".

Dedicated duo

These acrobatics are performed by two main characters Nguyen Duc Thinh and Phan Thu Trang, who joined the circus 15 years ago and they soon after started a relationship.

To be able to perform, the couple had to spend a lot of time practising. "To show the audiences skillful acrobatics, we needed to practise for about a year. During training, we suffered many injuries. Training requires careful attention," said Trang.

The couple have two children aged six and three years old. Because of the parent's occupation, Thonh and Trang have to ask their parents to take care of the six-year old child in their hometown. They now live in a small house with their three-year-old child, Nguyen Boi Ky in Ha Noi. Because of the job, sometimes they need to rehearse and perform at night, so they have to take Ky to the circus. Ky sometimes waits for her parents for hours before coming home late at night.

However, their love for the circus helps them overcome everything.

"This career gives us happiness. If my children love it and they have enough ability, we will help them to become circus artists in the future," said Trang.

Many of his friends quit to do other jobs. They might earn much more money than him, but for him it is not important because "I feel very happy to follow my career, and this job brings me many things that my friends do not have. I am loved by the audiences, make them smile with funny performances and help them learn something after those laughs. I am also given artist titles by the State," he added.

Being a leader of the federation and an artist, Anh confided that he had many concerns about how to ensure his colleagues' income, how to maintain and develop the federation, how to train young artists, etc.

Like Anh , Nguyen Ngoc Anh , 34, an artist with nearly 20 years at the federation has devoted her life to her career.

"The circus career is hard and dangerous. Accidents happen often. No one does this job without injuries," she said. "However, with my love to this career, I will try my best to contribute to the development of the federation and give interesting performances to the audiences."

Not only do artists with long seniority love the work but young ones who have just started performing on the stage also have deep love for circus.

Doõ Tung Duong, 20, who has worked at the federation for several months, is very enthusiastic about his job.

"I want to have a strong attachment to this job despite difficulties in the future," he said.

But it's easier said than done. To keep the federation's turnover stable as well as ensure regular circus shows in this market economy requires the activeness, clear-headednesss and enthusiasm from both the VCF's leaders and artists.