return icon Vietnamnet.vn

Nine Dynastic Urns national treasure at Hue Imperial Citadel

The Nine Dynastic Urns, built in late 1835 and completed in early 1837, was recognised as a national treasure in 2012, and considered the most valuable bronze objects in Vietnam.
Nine Dynastic Urns national treasure at Hue Imperial Citadel hinh anh 1
The Nine Dynastic Urns are located at the yard of The To Mieu (To Mieu Temple) in the Hue Imperial Citadel. (Photo: VNA)

Comparative cultural studies in Japan, China, and the Republic of Korea showed that the set of tripod urns currently displayed in the Hue Citadel is the only existing ones of their type.

The intact urns are horizontally placed at the yard of the Hue Imperial Citadel (Dai Noi)’s The To Mieu (To Mieu Temple), a place to worship the kings of the Nguyen Dynasty – the last feudal regime which ruled Vietnam from 1802 to 1945.

All cast in bronze, they represent the unity and the beauty of the country as well as sustainable existence of the Nguyen Dynasty.

Also outstanding symbols of the country’s immortal reign and wealth, the urns were built in late 1835 and completed in early 1837, under the reign of King Minh Mang.

The tallest urn is 2.5 meters high versus the shortest at 2.3 meters high. Each one, weighing up to 2,600 kg, has a name symbolising an emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty. The central one is dedicated to King Gia Long.

Their craftsmanship is remarkable, making the symbolism of power, stability, and continuity even stronger.

The urns can also be considered a “geographic encyclopedia” of Vietnam in the 19th century with 162 carved patterns exquisitely embossed on their surface depicting popular landscapes like universe, rivers, mountains; daily activities across the country; and 90 images of typical plants and animals. These create a great combination between carving and bronze casting. Until now, all of them are still in their original position and remain intact.

Of note, the country’s sea and islands were carved on the three largest and most significant urns. The East Sea is depicted on the “Cao Urn”, the one positioned in the very middle and higher than the others, which is dedicated to King Gia Long, the first of Nguyen Dynasty. The southern sea appeared on the Nhan Urn, and the western sea on the Chuong Urn.

Alongside various ancient documents, the patterns on the urns serve as a valuable historical source affirming Vietnam’s sovereignty over Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly).

According to experts, the urns were cast by the best craftsmen at the time. Their molds were destroyed upon the completion to avoid counterfeits, making them the only ones of their kind.

The Hue Monuments Conservation Centre is confident that the aforementioned factors qualify these urns as world documentary heritage in accordance with the criteria set by the UNESCO’s Memory of the World Programme.

In addition to the Nine Dynastic Urns, the Imperial Citadel of Hue boasts many other ancient works and items under the Nguyen Dynasty.

Among those, the woodblocks used to print books in Han characters, or adapted Chinese characters, were recognised as part of the world’s documentary heritage by UNESCO in 2009, and the imperial records and the literature on the royal architecture were acknowledged with a similar title by the Memory of the World Committee for Asia and the Pacific in 2014 and 2016, respectively./.VNA

MORE NEWS

Vietnam's bond market remains quiet this year

The scale of debt in the corporate bond market is less than 15 per cent of GDP.

Organ trafficking in Vietnam driven by high demand, low rate of donation: experts

A conference on organ donation registration and the prevention of human organ and tissue trafficking was held on Monday.

VCCI proposes allowing businesses to set fuel retail prices

The Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) has written to the Government suggesting fuel retail prices be decided by businesses based on supply and demand to prevent fuel shortages.

VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES FEBRUARY 8/2023

Vietnam puts children at centre of development policies, strategies: Ambassador

Gov’t issues action plan to realize Hanoi’s development vision until 2045

The Government has issued an action plan to realize Politburo’s resolution on the objectives for Hanoi’s development until 2030, with a vision to 2045.

Commercial sidewalk use may be charged by HCMC authorities

HCMC is planning to allow the paid use of sidewalks for commercial purposes such as vending goods or parking if these business activities leave a space of at least 1.5 meters wide for pedestrians.

CAAV advises caution when buying air tickets

The Civil Aviation Authority of Viet Nam (CAAV) has received feedback on the fact that passengers have to buy air tickets higher than the specified prices on domestic routes, especially during the peak of the Lunar New Year (Tet).

Prime Minister leaves Hanoi for official visits to Singapore, Brunei

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh, his spouse and a high-ranking delegation of Vietnam left Hanoi at noon on February 8 for official visits to Singapore and Brunei from February 8-11.

US war veteran wishing to return wartime diary to Vietnamese family

Pater Mathews, a US war veteran, has emailed relevant agencies of Ha Tinh province, central Vietnam, expressing his desire to fly to Vietnam and return a Vietnamese martyr’s diary he came across decades ago to the martyr’s family.

VIETNAM BUSINESS NEWS FEBRUARY 8/2023

January payment transactions via national public service portal valued at 11.8 mln USD

Vietnam needs new products, services to reach tourism targets

To realise the targets of attracting 110 million tourists and earning some 650 trillion VND (27.5 billion USD) in revenue this year, Vietnam is recommended to develop more products and services to offer new experiences to visitors.

PM Chinh’s Singapore visit expected to advance bilateral trade ties

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh’s Singapore visit from February 8-10 aims to affirm the determination to elevate the bilateral economic ties to a new height in the context of many free trade agreement (FTAs) coming into force.

VN to force retailers to generate e-invoices from cash registers

When the technical infrastructure and capacity were upgraded to meet the demand, the regulations about issuing e-invoices from cash registers must then be made compulsory together with the introduction of punishments for violations.

Festivals back in cities and provinces across the country

After a three-year hiatus due to the COVID-19 pandemic, festivals are back in many cities and provinces across the country, attracting thousands of tourists.

600-year-old bell: national treasure of Vietnam

A bell at the Roi pagoda in the central province of Ha Tinh has been recognized as a national treasure.
back_to_top