Personal income tax rates out of date, need amending
The Ministry of Finance (MOF) says that personal income tax (PIT) rates have become out of date after six years of application and need amendment.
According to Ta Thi Phuong Lan, deputy director of the PIT Tax Management, under the PIT Law, which took effect on July 1, 2013, when the CPI increases by more than 20 percent, the government will report to the National Assembly to adjust tax deductions for family circumstances.
She said after six years of application, many regulations are no longer suitable to the new conditions. The CPI has increased by more than 20 percent after six years and living expenses are higher.
The Tax Policy Department is working on necessary amendments before MOF reports to the government which will submit the plan to the National Assembly.
Under current regulations, those who have to pay PIT are high income earners, understood as people with the monthly income of VND9 million or more, while the deduction for family circumstances is VND3.6 million per month per head.
|The Ministry of Finance (MOF) says that personal income tax rates have become out of date after six years of application and need amendment.|
Bui Sinh Quyen, a lawyer for the Hanoi Bar Association, has proposed amending both the taxation threshold and the deduction for family circumstances for every independent person.
He said that it would be better not to set the same taxation threshold for many different zones. It would be better to refer to minimum wages applied for Zones 1, 2, 3 and 4 to set the thresholds.
“The taxation threshold for taxpayers from 2019 should be four times the regional minimum wage, while the deduction should be 40 percent of the taxation threshold for every independent person."
The current tax rates, applied since 2013, observe the principle: the deduction for tax payer of VND9 million was 3.8 times higher than the minimum wage, and the deduction of VND3.6 million was equal to 40 percent of the deduction for taxpayer.
If following the principle, the figures should be VND16.72 million a month and VND6.7 million, respectively.
According to Nguyen Thi Cuc, chair of the Vietnam Tax Consultancy Association, the current tax rates, with the lowest rate of 5 percent and the highest rate of 35 percent, are relatively high, if noting that the corporate income tax has reduced from 32 percent to 28 percent, 25 percent and to 20 percent now.
While the corporate income tax has been cut many times, the PIT rate remains up to 35 percent since its application in 2013.
Ngo Tri Long, a respected economist, and Truong Thanh Duc from Basico Law Firm, attributed the tardiness in amending laws to red tape.
Vietnamese income has improved significantly, but it has not reached the $3,000per capita threshold as calculated by General Statistics Office, economists say.
Experts have outlined a number of different consumer price index (CPI) scenarios for this year, which are all below 4 per cent as requested by the National Assembly.