Looking back at Vietnam’s external affairs over the past 35 years

The draft political report submitted to the 13th National Party Congress has shown the importance and the pioneering role of foreign affairs in the cause of building and safeguarding the country.

 An important foundation to implement the task is to continue "building a comprehensive and modern diplomacy" with focus on three pillars of Party diplomacy, State diplomacy and people-to-people diplomacy.

Looking back at Vietnam’s external affairs over the past 35 years
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Pham Binh Minh. — Photo baoquocte.vn 

Politburo member, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Pham Binh Minh made the statement in his article entitled ‘The hallmarks of foreign affairs in 35 years of đổi mới (reform): To accompany the nation, serve the Fatherland and serve the people'.

It was published on the occasion of the 13th National Party Congress this week.

The article reviewed milestones of Vietnamese foreign affairs policies mentioned in the Party documents since 1986 and looked into diplomatic achievements and lessons learned over the past 35 years.

Minh called the first period of đổi mới (from 1986 to 1995) the period of “breaking the embargo siege and bringing the country out of serious economic crisis”.

The Communist Party of Vietnam reviewed the changing regional and global situation to respond to the new developments and determine foreign policies and directions in the new situation.

In Politburo Resolution No 13 in May 1988, the Party set the policy of co-existence in peace. Accordingly, Vietnam would be able to maintain independence and build a socialist state with a strong economy, defence and the expansion of international co-operation relations.

Vietnam's foreign policy was consolidated at the seventh Party Congress in 1991 during which the Party affirmed that “Vietnam wants to be a friend and a partner with other countries around the world, and expand and multilateralise its external economic relations.”

Vietnam normalised diplomatic relations with China in 1991, with the US in 1995 and fostered relations with neighbouring countries and other important partners in the world.

Vietnam became an official member of ASEAN in 1995.

The eighth National Party Congress in 1996 affirmed the diplomatic policy of "independence, self-reliance, diversification and multilateralisation of international relations".

The progressive diplomatic thinking was reflected through the economic integration policy at the eighth, ninth, tenth congresses in 1996, 2001 and 2006 respectively.

From 1996 to 2010, Vietnam joined the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (AFTA) and signed a bilateral trade agreement with the US.

Vietnam attended a series of important multilateral mechanisms such as the 1996 Asia-Europe Co-operation Forum (ASEM), the 1998 Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC), the World Trade Organisation.

 

Vietnam hosted high-level conferences of the Community of French-speaking countries (1997), ASEAN (1998), ASEM (2005), APEC (2006) and was a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council during the 2008-09 period.

The eleventh National Party Congress in 2011 switched the economic integration policy to active international integration.

The scale of integration was extended at the twelfth congress in 2016, highlighting the active participation and promoting the core leading role of Vietnam.

Vietnam has built a network of 30 comprehensive and strategic partners, including all major countries, 17 out of G20 members and all ASEAN countries. Vietnam has actively negotiated a number of free trade agreements (FTAs), including new FTAs, namely the CPTPP, EVFTA and RCEP.

Vietnam has been actively participating in the ASEAN community building and peacekeeping mission. It also assumed the ASEAN chairmanship in 2020 and became a non-permanent member of the 2020-21 UN Security Council term.

According to Deputy Prime Minister Pham Binh Minh, foreign affairs have handled properly and relations with neighbouring countries, major powers, comprehensive and strategic partners have grown effectively.

In the aspirations for national development, the Vietnam’s external affairs work has created all favourable international conditions, attracting resources for development and enhancement of the country's status in which local people and businesses are at the centre.

The foreign affairs work has made an important contribution to protecting national sovereignty and improving Vietnam’s position and prestige in the region and in the world.

Those achievements are attributed to the Party's proper foreign policy and guidelines over the past years on the basis of situation assessment and lessons learned.

First of all, that is the lesson of determining and bringing into full play the nation’s interests on the basis of basic principles of international law, equality and mutual benefits.

Another lesson is to rely on internal power of Party, State diplomacy and people-to-people diplomacy, and power of foreign affairs - defence - security. The external goals always stick to the country's development goals. External relations are an extension of the internal affairs and an effective tool for realising development aspirations.

In the context of evolving regional and global situation which include uncertain factors, peace, co-operation, development, globalisation and integration are still a big trend, but there will be many obstacles and challenges from major strategic competition and the COVID-19 pandemic. The Asia-Pacific region holds a vital position in the world and is an important driving force of the global economy. But the region still has potential destabilising factors, including the developments in the East Sea and the Mekong.

In the most complex international context, Vietnam will set ambitious long-term development goals for 2030 and 2045. Therefore, the mission of foreign affairs in the future is difficult, with the priority on the task of building a happy and prosperous country, according to the Deputy Prime Minister.  VNS

Int’l economic integration a bright spot in Vietnam’s external affairs: Deputy FM

Int’l economic integration a bright spot in Vietnam’s external affairs: Deputy FM

International economic integration was a bright spot in Vietnam’s external affairs activities in 2020, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Bui Thanh Son has said.

 
 

Other News

.
PM inspects combat readiness at public security units
PM inspects combat readiness at public security units
POLITICSicon  08/02/2021 

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc inspected combat readiness of some units of the Ministry of Public Security on February 7, ahead of the upcoming Lunar New Year (Tet) festival.

Government Inspectorate to step up fight on corruption
Government Inspectorate to step up fight on corruption
POLITICSicon  08/02/2021 

Deputy Inspector General Tran Ngoc Liem talks on the Government Inspectorate’s plans and the importance of mechanisms to prevent and deter corruption

Japan enters war of notes on the East Sea
Japan enters war of notes on the East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  07/02/2021 

Japan issued a diplomatic note at the time the US began a new government and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi had just completed a visit to nine ASEAN countries.

Vietnam’s chairmanship helped ASEAN assert centrality in region: Official
Vietnam’s chairmanship helped ASEAN assert centrality in region: Official
POLITICSicon  07/02/2021 

In 2020, under Vietnam’s chairmanship and thanks to the joint efforts of member countries, partners, and friends, ASEAN managed to weather challenges, strongly affirm its centrality in the region, 

15th National Assembly expected to have 500 seats
15th National Assembly expected to have 500 seats
POLITICSicon  06/02/2021 

There will be a total of 500 seats in the 15th National Assembly at both central and local levels, according to a new resolution adopted by the NA Standing Committee.

Political Bureau assigns tasks to two Politburo members
Political Bureau assigns tasks to two Politburo members
POLITICSicon  06/02/2021 

The Political Bureau organised a ceremony on February 6 to announce decisions on the assignment of tasks to two Politburo members.

Women parliamentarians play important role in Vietnam’s development: study
Women parliamentarians play important role in Vietnam’s development: study
POLITICSicon  06/02/2021 

The UNDP is looking forward to continuing to work with Vietnam’s National Assembly towards closing the gender gap, both qualitatively and quantitatively, UNDP Resident Representative Caitlin Wiesen noted.

Deputy PM, FM Pham Binh Minh holds phone talks with US State Secretary Antony Blinken
Deputy PM, FM Pham Binh Minh holds phone talks with US State Secretary Antony Blinken
POLITICSicon  05/02/2021 

Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh had talks over the phone with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken on February 5.

Citizen protection work bolstered amid COVID-19: Deputy FM
Citizen protection work bolstered amid COVID-19: Deputy FM
POLITICSicon  06/02/2021 

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and relevant ministries and localities arranged over 300 flights in 2020 to bring nearly 85,000 citizens home from 59 countries and territories, according to Deputy Minister To Anh Dung.

China’s Coast Guard Law increases risk of collision in the East Sea
China’s Coast Guard Law increases risk of collision in the East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  07/02/2021 

Analysts say that China’s Coast Guard Law is an attempt to set the stage for China's coast guard to increase assertive behavior in the East Sea.

Germany sends warships to East Sea - a strategic turning point
Germany sends warships to East Sea - a strategic turning point
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  06/02/2021 

The German government has announced plans to send its warships to ports of Japan, South Korea and Australia, passing through the East Sea this summer.

Passing the Coast Guard Law, China ‘probes’ the new US administration
Passing the Coast Guard Law, China ‘probes’ the new US administration
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  05/02/2021 

China’s Coast Guard Law took effect only two days after Mr. Biden took office as US President.

China increases activities to monopolize East Sea
China increases activities to monopolize East Sea
MARITIME SOVEREIGNTYicon  08/02/2021 

Since the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, tensions in the East Sea have increased.

Vietnam supports AO victims’ claims for justice: spokesperson
Vietnam supports AO victims’ claims for justice: spokesperson
POLITICSicon  05/02/2021 

Vietnam supports Agent Orange/dioxin victims in requesting legal responsibilities from US companies producing and selling the toxic chemical used during the war in Vietnam, 

First consultation conference on nomination for National Assembly deputies
First consultation conference on nomination for National Assembly deputies
POLITICSicon  04/02/2021 

The first consultation conference on candidate nomination for the upcoming elections of deputies to the 15th National Assembly for the 2021-2026 tenure was held online in Hanoi on February 2,

14-day quarantine continues to be applied on people entering Vietnam: Spokesperson
14-day quarantine continues to be applied on people entering Vietnam: Spokesperson
POLITICSicon  05/02/2021 

Fourteen-day quarantine will continue to be applied on foreign experts, investors, entrepreneurs, management officials and Vietnamese entering Vietnam from other countries, 

Vietnam advocates rule-of-law principle on seas and oceans: Spokesperson
Vietnam advocates rule-of-law principle on seas and oceans: Spokesperson
POLITICSicon  04/02/2021 

Vietnam supports the maintenance of peace and stability in the region, security, safety and freedom of navigation and aviation, and the principle of respect for the law on seas and oceans, 

The man who holds aloft the flag at historic moments
The man who holds aloft the flag at historic moments
FEATUREicon  06/02/2021 

It was when the battle against corruption needed a leader to raise the flag that Party Secretary General and State President Nguyen Phu Trong appeared, with intelligence and courage.

Vietnam to host rescue, sniper competitions at 2021 Army Games
Vietnam to host rescue, sniper competitions at 2021 Army Games
POLITICSicon  05/02/2021 

Vietnam will host rescue and sniper competitions within the 2021 International Army Games.

Messages of congratulations sent to Vietnamese Party chief
Messages of congratulations sent to Vietnamese Party chief
POLITICSicon  05/02/2021 

International party leaders have sent their congratulations to Party General Secretary and State President Nguyen Phu Trong on his re-election as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN