Given the little room left for monetary policy to add stimulus to the economy, fiscal policy would be the engine of growth next year, according to Ho Sy Hung, vice chairman of the Commission for the Management of State Capital at Enterprises.
Hung was speaking at the conference 'The driving forces behind Vietnam's economic growth in 2023' on December 14.
The vice chairman said Vietnam was aiming to reach an annual growth rate of 6.5 per cent and an inflation rate of 4.5 per cent in 2023. GDP per capita was expected to top US$4,400 and the manufacturing sector would contribute to around 25.4 to 25.8 per cent of the national output
He underlined public investment as a significant factor driving economic growth next year. He estimated total public investment to be delivered in 2023 at VND730 trillion ($31 billion), higher than the realised figure of VND540 trillion in 2022.
"We need to simplify administrative processes to move public investment faster," said Hung.
Hung also called for greater involvement of private enterprises in national investment to add impetus to economic growth.
Phan Duc Hieu, member of the National Assembly's Economic Committee, said the delivery of the economic recovery package of VND350 trillion ($15 billion) would move slowly in 2022 but accelerate dramatically in 2023.
He also said most Vietnam's economic indicators hit the target in the first nine months of 2022, except for productivity. The indicator has fallen short of the mark for three consecutive quarters.
In terms of entrepreneurship, around 194,000 enterprises emerged in the economy in the first 11 months of the year, up 33.2 per cent year-by-year. At the same time, roughly 132,000 enterprises disappeared from the market, up 24.3 per cent.
"Enterprises are the driving force behind economic growth, yet they are finding themselves in difficulties," said Hieu.
He urged the government to keep a closer watch on enterprises and come up with timely policies to lift them out of hardship. He also said the government should stay away from 'overnight policies', which are inconsistent and unpredictable, as they would catch enterprises off guard.
Vu Tien Loc, president of the Vietnam International Arbitration Centre, said winter is coming for Vietnamese enterprises as the number of enterprises leaving the market keeps increasing.
"Seven enterprises shut down for every ten enterprises emerge," said Loc.
To survive the economic winter, enterprises need to integrate social responsibility, sustainable development, and good corporate governance into their operation.
He said ESG standards (environmental, social, and governance) are no longer a choice but an imperative for enterprises to gain ground in a fast-changing business environment.
Vo Tri Thanh, head of the Institute for Brand and Competitiveness Strategy, remarked that the fast economic growth in Q3 carried some risk to the banking system.
He underlined the rise in credit caps as a timely move that has significantly improved the situation. He also said there is little maneuvering space for monetary policy.
Source: Vietnam News