return icon Vietnamnet.vn

Rich primate species in Vietnam threatened: WWF report

About 25 different primate species out of 44 found in Vietnam call the Greater Mekong home, but these unique species are increasingly threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, climate change, hunting and illegal trade.

{keywords}
A Hatinh langur, an endangered primates species is released at a forest in central Vietnam. About 25 different primate species were found in Vietnam out of a total of 44 in the Greater Mekong. — Photo courtesy of Bui Van Tuan 

"Primates of the Greater Mekong: Status, Threats and Conservation Efforts" – a new World Wildlife Fund report, highlights the amazing diversity of lorises, macaques, langurs and gibbons that live in the five Greater Mekong countries -- Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.

The profiled species include the skywalker hoolock gibbon, which was described as a new species in 2017, and the Popa langur which was only described as a new species in 2020.

The 44 primate species found in the region, 19 of which are endemic, are a testament to the amazing biodiversity of the region, but their conservation status is a stark reminder of the grave threats they face.

Deforestation, habitat degradation and hunting driven by the wildlife trade have forced many primates in the Greater Mekong to the brink of extinction.

One-quarter of the species are classified as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List, while about half are categorized as Endangered.

Vietnam is home to five endemic primate species, all of which are included in the list of the world’s 25 most Critically Endangered species. Moreover, the latest Red List assessments show an increased extinction risk for a quarter of the primates compared to the previous assessments conducted in 2008, while the rest showed no reduction in their extinction risk.

Primates from this region are not only losing their precious habitat at an alarming rate, but they are also severely threatened by the wildlife trade - both legal and illegal. Their meat is sold as food, parts are traded for use in traditional medicine, and live animals are marketed as exotic pets or props for tourist selfies.

{keywords}
Rangers check a camera trap in the Saola Conservation site in Thua Thien Hue Province. Endangered species are increasingly threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, climate change, and hunting driven by consumption and illegal trade. — VNS Photo Cong Thanh 

In Vietnam, although all primate species are protected by law or community convention, hunting, illegal captivity and trading are the primary causes for a decrease in primate populations.

The number of primates in the legal wildlife trade - often for use in biomedical research and pharmaceutical testing - has been on the increase, with the legal trade in primates estimated to be worth US$138 million in 2015.

Furthermore, research has predicted that all apes and Asian and African monkey species are at high risk of contracting SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19 in humans.

Zoonotic diseases - which have their origins in animals and are often caused by the frequent and unsafe contact between wildlife and humans in the trade - can then be transmitted back to animals, further threatening their survival.

Rhesus macaques and long-tailed macaques, both of which occur in the Greater Mekong region, have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus in laboratories and developed COVID-19 symptoms similar to humans.

Fortunately, many organizations, government agencies and local communities are working tirelessly to protect some of these unique species from disappearing. The WWF is carrying out surveys in some protected areas to monitor primate populations, such as the white-handed gibbons in Nam Poui National Protected Area in Laos, or the Ha Tinh langur in Thach Hoa District of Quang Binh Province in central Vietnam.

In Vietnam, the WWF supported patrols are removing snares and releasing primates caught in traps back into the wild in the Annamite mountains.

Connecting fragmented forests and improving forest quality has also been a strategy that WWF has carried out in Vietnam to protect species over the past 30 years. Recently, WWF supported the upgrading of Song Thanh from a Nature Reserve to a National Park in Quang Nam Province, established two new Saola Nature Reserves in the central Quang Nam and Thua Thien Hue provinces, and assisted government partners to extend protected areas in Quang Nam, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue provinces. All of these efforts are to establish safe corridors for species to thrive.

Community awareness-raising activities about wildlife and primates are regularly carried out in communities that live close to the species’ habitats, as well as with other key stakeholders at the national level. Besides providing conservation knowledge, WWF’s campaigns in Vietnam also encourage public changes in behaviour and engage local communities to protect their primates.

{keywords}
A monkey with a leg cut by a trap in the forest. Primates species are increasingly threatened by hunting driven and illegal trade. — Photo courtesy of Dang Hung 

Many other conservation organisations are protecting, researching, rescuing and restoring the unique primates in the region. Fauna and Flora International is working extensively in Vietnam and Myanmar to monitor and protect threatened primates in key locations.

The Endangered Primate Rescue Centre in Cuc Phuong, in the northern Ninh Binh Province of Vietnam, is rescuing and working on breeding threatened species to reintroduce them to the wild. The Little Fireface Project is researching lorises in the wild while also working to tackle their trade as pets and props for selfie-tourism.

Organisations like the Jahoo Gibbon Camp in Cambodia and the Gibbon Experience in Laos are creating safe ways for tourists to see and hear primates in the wild, with above local economy and livelihoods and in turn, reduce hunting pressure.

“If the remaining primate populations in the Greater Mekong are to survive and eventually recover to viable numbers, governments, NGOs, corporates and local communities must all work together and implement conservation measures targeted at primates,” said Van Thinh Ngoc, CEO of WWF-Vietnam.

“WWF is currently working with other primatologists to review primate conservation efforts in Vietnam; there is hope to save these incredible species that make our region unique, but we must act swiftly and decisively.”

The WWF is calling on decision-makers to include interventions needed to address key drivers of zoonotic disease outbreaks in their pandemic prevention plans. Closing forests and high-risk wildlife markets, for example, will help recover wildlife populations and maintain local and global biodiversity that naturally help regulate disease, as well as help ensure sustainable use of natural resources.

To support the fight against COVID-19, citizens are highly recommended not to buy, sell or consume wildlife products.

Source: Vietnam News

Red Book animals in danger, turtles threatened with extinction

Red Book animals in danger, turtles threatened with extinction

Of hundreds of Red-Book wildlife species on sale nationwide, turtles are the most wanted species.

Endangered animals found in Bidoup-Nui Ba National Park

Endangered animals found in Bidoup-Nui Ba National Park

A range of rare and endangered animal species in Vietnam and the world were discovered at the Bidoup-Nui Ba National Park in the central highlands province of Lam Dong through a camera-trap survey on the site from October 2019 to March 2020.

MORE NEWS

Da Nang aims to attract ultra-wealthy

A livable city is certainly worth visiting, but a place worth visiting doesn’t mean it is livable. Da Nang City is striving to become a livable city and a destination for the ultra-wealthy.

Fake news, malicious information spread mostly via Google, Facebook

Some foreign companies providing cross-border services to Vietnam are still not preventing malicious information on their platforms.

Ministry proposes cuts to VAT, luxury taxes to help lower petrol prices

The Ministry of Finance (MOF) has submitted to the Prime Minister a plan to reduce the luxury tax and VAT on petroleum products in an effort to curb prices.

'Hop on Hop off' with Tinder Explore this summer

For the first time, young Tinder users joined an iconic double-decker bus ride, “Tinder Explore - Match Your Vibe bus", to explore exciting dating spots in HCM City.

Five local destinations win Asia’s Best Awards

Five Vietnamese destinations were named among the Top 10 leading cities and islands in the Southeast Asian region, as announced by US magazine Travel + Leisure’s Asia’s Best Awards 2022.

Vietnam to export passion fruits to China from July 1

The General Administration of Customs (GAC) of China has just approved the pilot import of Vietnamese passion fruits from July 1, according to the Vietnam Sanitary and Phytosanitary Notification Authority and Enquiry Point (SPS Vietnam).

The Moffatts and 911 schedule Hanoi performance

Some of the world’s leading bands, including The Moffatts and 911, are set to play a concert at Yen So Park-Gamuda Land in Hoang Mai district of Hanoi on August 6.

Transfermarkt names Quang Hai as local player highest market value

Vietnamese midfielder Nguyen Quang Hai has been valued at Є400,000, equal to VND10 billion, and tops the list of Vietnamese footballers with the highest market value, according to renowned German football site Transfermarkt.

Toy figurine making in Xuan La village

Xuan La village in Hanoi’s Phu Xuyen district has long been famous for making To He, a traditional toy made of rice powder. This is the only village in Vietnam that makes the toy figurine

Vietnam opposes and demands Taiwan to cancel live-fire drills on Ba Binh island

Vietnam resolutely opposes and demands Taiwan to cancel live-fire drills in the waters around Ba Binh island belonging to Vietnam’s Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelago and not to repeat similar violations in the future.

Calligraphy book on poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu recognised as world record

WorldKings and Vietkings on July 1 recognised Collection of Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s Poems, a calligraphy book on poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu as the largest calligraphy book in Vietnamese of poet Chieu's poems in the world.

Hanoi market sees strong development in premium offices

Office real estate is thriving, with new Grade A buildings entering the Hanoi market at the end of the year, according to Savills Vietnam.

Vietnam's HDPE pellets not subject to safeguarding duties in Philippines

The Philippine Tariff Commission (TC) has announced the final conclusion on a safeguard investigation on High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pellets imported from many countries, including Vietnam.

NA deputy: drug bidding mechanism is unreasonable

Pham Khanh Phong Lan, a National Assembly from HCM City, said the problems in the healthcare sector have existed for a long time but became even clearer during Covid-19.

Vietnam looks forwards to stronger investment from US, Europe

Vietnam is hoping to attract more investment from the US, Europe and major global enterprises under a recently approved strategy on foreign investment cooperation.
back_to_top