Marine plastic waste an urgent issue in coastal Vietnam

Vietnam needs to carry out practical measures to manage and reduce marine plastic waste to ensure sustainable development of the fishery industry, according to experts at a workshop held in Hanoi on Wednesday.

Marine plastic waste an urgent issue in coastal Vietnam
Fishing vessels in Ninh Hai District in central coastal province of Ninh Thuan. VNA/VNS Photo

“Given the resources depletion and impacts of climate change, it is important to develop the circular economy to ensure sustainable development,” said Nguyen Thanh Tung, head of Vietnam’s Institute of Fisheries Economics and Planning.

He added that Vietnam needs to manage and recycle plastic waste and that measures to tackle the plastic waste issues require the Government, local authorities, social and international organisations and stakeholders and individuals all working together.

The workshop was held by the Vietnam’s Institute of Fisheries Economics and Planning and the UNDP Vietnam, aiming to share and exchange information on the current status of plastic waste in fishery industry and find solutions to reduce, collect and recycle plastic waste from fishing vessels.

Dao Xuan Lai, Head of Climate Change and Environment Unit of UNDP Vietnam said Vietnam’s fishery industry is facing a number of issues, including resources depletion, competition among marine economic sectors, climate change.

“Marine waste is also a huge challenge, " Lai said. 

"In Quy Nhon port alone, there are about 10,000 boats and vessels, none of which bring back plastic waste for recycle. The amount of plastic dumped into the ocean is huge and this is a critical challenge.”  

Plastic waste in fish farming is also a big issue in Vietnam.

According to Vu Thi Hong Ngan from Vietnam’s Institute of Fisheries Economics and Planning, the total amount of plastic used for intensive shrimp farming surveyed is 1,658-1,955 tonnes/ha/year. There were 110,000ha of allocated land for white-leg shrimp farming. About 91,000-107,000 tonnes of plastic per year were used from intensive white-leg shrimp farming and 90% of them was collected.

Meanwhile, plastic waste on fishing boats is mostly from fishing nets, post-harvest preservation and daily life, she said.

Everyday items found on boats include plastic bottles, plastic bags, packages of instant noodles, milk cartons and cooking oil bottles. They weigh about 4-6 kg per vessel every sea trip for vessels of seven to 10 people  and 95 per cent of them are not collected, according to Ngan.

“There are several difficulties in the management and control of plastic waste in fisheries sector," Ngan added.

“Major challenges include weak policy mechanisms, limitation of farmer awareness, difference of culture between provinces and poor infrastructure.”

 

Other difficulties include small-scale fisheries production, poor inspection, examination and supervision, and the limitation of waste collecting and recycling technology, she added.

Ong Thi Cam Van from the Dock Management Unit and Tho Quang Fishing under Da Nang's Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said “It is important to raise awareness of boat owners and fishermen in collecting, classifying, not disposing of waste into the environment and leaving waste in the right places.

“They are aimed at reducing the use of single-use plastic stuff, plastic bags are difficult to decompose, contributing to reducing the amount of waste to be treated.”

It is important to take stronger and more decisive measures such as regulations on placing a trash bin on the boat in accordance with the conditions on fishing boats at the technical regulations for fishing vessels and at the same time assigning functional agencies (registration agencies) to inspect the implementation, she said.

Proposing a model to reduce plastic waste from fishing boats at Quy Nhon Fishing Port, Hoang Thi Dieu Linh a representative from UNDP Vietnam said it is necessary to survey, evaluate and inventory the plastic waste on fishing boats onboard.

There should be a collection centre with sorting and pressing system at the fishing port and pressing equipment on fishing ports, connecting to the collection system of the Material Recycling Facility (MRF), she said.

It is also important to develop a legal basis for regulations on bringing plastic waste back to the shore by the fishing boats, she added.

In 2020, Vietnam’s total seafood output reached 8.4 million tonnes, of which the catch was 3.8 million tonnes and farming was nearly 4.6 million tonnes, according to the Directorate of Fisheries under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

Vietnam was the fourth major producer of fishery and aquaculture in the world with the seafood export turnover reaching US$8.5 billion a year.

According to the World Economic Forum, Vietnam generates an estimated 3.7 million tonnes of plastic waste every year, only 10 to 15 per cent of which is eventually collected for recycling.

Around 730,000 tonnes of plastic waste leak from the country into the ocean every year.

Source: Vietnam News 

Vietnam ready to join talks on global treaty on marine plastic waste

Vietnam ready to join talks on global treaty on marine plastic waste

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh has approved a plan for Vietnam to proactively prepare for and take part in the building of a global agreement on ocean plastic pollution.

 
 

Other News

.
Mondelez Kinh Do achieves 95% progress on sustainable packaging goals
Mondelez Kinh Do achieves 95% progress on sustainable packaging goals
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  06/12/2021 

Mondelez Kinh Do continues to make progress towards its ambitious commitments to reducing the environmental impact of packaging and tackling plastic waste.

HCMC records lowest temperature since beginning of 2021
HCMC records lowest temperature since beginning of 2021
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  05/12/2021 

Deputy Head of the Forecasting Division of the Hydro-meteorological Station in the Southern Region Le Dinh Quyet informed that HCMC recorded the lowest temperature of 22oC in the early morning of December 4 since the beginning of the year.

The business story of famous Vietnamese streamers
The business story of famous Vietnamese streamers
FEATUREicon  05/12/2021 

It is difficult to find success when doing business, and even streamers with good financial backgrounds are no exception.

Wildlife conservation: Risks and efforts
Wildlife conservation: Risks and efforts
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  04/12/2021 

According to the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), in the period from 2013-2017, Vietnam recorded 1,504 wildlife rule violations involving 1,461 suspects.

Major amazing astronomical phenomena to be observed this December
Major amazing astronomical phenomena to be observed this December
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  03/12/2021 

Astronomy lovers will have the unique chance to enjoy major amazing phenomena in December this year, according reports by the Hanoi Amateur Astronomy Society (HAS).

Vietnam must stay on the digital transformation path: Prime Minister
Vietnam must stay on the digital transformation path: Prime Minister
FEATUREicon  04/12/2021 

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh chaired the first meeting of the committee via a videoconference on November 30, 2021.

Scuba diver spent nearly two decades cleaning up the ocean
Scuba diver spent nearly two decades cleaning up the ocean
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  04/12/2021 

Scuba diver Nguyen Van Duc is dedicated to cleaning the ocean and he hopes his work will inspire others to do the same.

Female valedictorian discovers security vulnerabilities of US tech giant Oracle
Female valedictorian discovers security vulnerabilities of US tech giant Oracle
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  03/12/2021 

Before becoming valedictorian at the Academy of Cryptography Techniques, Le My Quynh had been been honored by a US tech group for her discovery of important security flaws.

A month after launch, Vietnam has yet to receive signal from NanoDragon satellite
A month after launch, Vietnam has yet to receive signal from NanoDragon satellite
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  02/12/2021 

Twenty-two days after its launch into orbit, the developer of the NanoDragon satellite has not received a signal.

Netflix denies purchase of phimmoi domain name
Netflix denies purchase of phimmoi domain name
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  03/12/2021 

Vietnamese users were surprised when they were redirected to Netflix.com when they tried to access phimmoi.net, a website that provides pirated movies.

Code of conduct on child protection in cyberspace to be issued
Code of conduct on child protection in cyberspace to be issued
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  02/12/2021 

The Code of Conduct on Protection of Children on Cyberspace is scheduled for issuance in the fourth quarter of 2021.

PM2.5 pollution still problematic across Vietnam
PM2.5 pollution still problematic across Vietnam
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  02/12/2021 

Though the average PM2.5 concentration improved slightly in 2020, all provinces and cities in Vietnam still had much higher levels than the WHO’s recommendation, according to data revealed at a workshop held virtually on Tuesday.

South Korean ICT firms to contribute to ‘Make in Vietnam’ strategy
South Korean ICT firms to contribute to ‘Make in Vietnam’ strategy
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  02/12/2021 

South Korean ICT firms have been encouraged to invest in Da Nang as Vietnam is prioritizing investment in hi-tech and innovation projects with a focus on R&D.

State Bank grants Mobile Money license to Viettel
State Bank grants Mobile Money license to Viettel
BUSINESSicon  01/12/2021 

The central bank received three applications for Mobile Money service and has licenced all of them - VNPT, MobiFone and Viettel.

Two of three international submarine fiber optic cables repaired
Two of three international submarine fiber optic cables repaired
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  30/11/2021 

Problems affecting the APG and AAE-1 submarine fiber optic cables, which have slowed Internet speed in Vietnam for months, have been fixed.

Virtual land plot in Vietnamese game sells for $2.5 million
Virtual land plot in Vietnamese game sells for $2.5 million
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  01/12/2021 

An Axie Infinity gamer sold his virtual land plot for 550 Ethereum, or $2.5 million, several days ago. This was one of the most expensive land plots ever sold in the cryptocurrency market.

Lang Son to build 3,900sqkm geopark
Lang Son to build 3,900sqkm geopark
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  30/11/2021 

An international conference took place in Lang Son on November 29 to discuss how to take advantage of the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in building a 3,900-sqkm geopark in the northern mountainous province.

Solar cells, wind turbine blades: the waste of the next decade
Solar cells, wind turbine blades: the waste of the next decade
FEATUREicon  30/11/2021 

Wind and solar power plants will emit huge amounts of waste of up to hundreds of thousands of tons in the next 10 years.

Online logistics model used to sell farm produce
Online logistics model used to sell farm produce
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  30/11/2021 

Hundreds of tons of litchis were exported to choosy markets in May via Vietnam Post’s e-commerce platform. This was the beginning of a logistics model specifically designed for farm produce.

iPhone13 prices plummet just after two months
iPhone13 prices plummet just after two months
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  30/11/2021 

Two months after hitting the domestic market, iPhone 13 smartphones hand carried from Singapore and Hong Kong have seen prices drop dramatically by VND10 million, while officially distributed Apple phone products have fallen by VND5 million.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN