return icon Vietnamnet.vn

Secrets of the Elephant King's stilt house

The unique architecture of stilt houses has been inextricably linked with Central Highland culture and tradition for thousands of years. Ethnic minorities in the region have built their houses with designs suitable to their customs and living habits.

{keywords}
The three-compartment stilt house consists of 8,726 planks of ca chit wood. Photo mytour.vn

But there is one stilt house that perhaps stands out more than the others, in Don Village, Krong Na Commune, Buon Don District, Dak Lak Province.

The house reveals the secrets of a man they called "Elephant King", as well as the living environment of the E De, M'Nong and Lao people of more than a century ago.

The stilt house has a reputation throughout Southeast Asia as the original residence of the most skilful elephant hunter in the region, a man famed for his ability to tame the mammalian colossi.

It was Y Thu Knul (1828 -1938), the Don Village founder and elephant hunter, who publicly cleared and opened the land to build the village. Much respected, he was appointed by villagers as their leader and master soon after.

During his lifetime, Knul hunted and tamed nearly 500 wild elephants. His father was a migrant from Laos and married his mother, a M'Nong woman, so the house was built in the Lao style with a pagoda and tower, with features from local highland culture.

Building started in October 1883 and was completed in February 1885. The house was built entirely of wood and has three adjacent parallel compartments.

Village elders say that in 1861 Knul hunted a rare elephant with white hairs, skin and amber tusks. He offered this precious elephant to the King of Siam (now Thailand), who in response gave Knul much gold, silver and wealth, naming him "Khunjunob" -- the "Elephant Hunting King".

{keywords}
Inside the famed old stilt house in Don Village. Photo mytour.vn

​The wooden house of the Elephant King was the biggest and most beautiful in Don Village. Its lower floor was used to shelter livestock and as a warehouse, while the upper floor was for living.

The middle compartment has a wooden staircase going up to the top. In front of the house is a large veranda spanning the two other compartments.

To build the house, the owner had to mobilise 18 elephants to pull timber wood, and 14 skilled workers led by a master craftsman named Khavivong Ao, a Lao woodcarving artisan.

The house was worth 12 elephants over 60 years old with long tusks, which were sold to pay for workers, designers, loggers and transporters.

As a custom, after finishing construction, Knul held a worshipping ceremony whereby 22 buffalos were slaughtered as an offering to the gods.

{keywords}
Typical items of an elephant hunter and trainer are displayed at the stilt house of the Elephant King in Don Village. Photo vietfuntravel.com.vn

The roofs are made of meticulously handcrafted wooden tiles, which are the most unique feature of the house. To make them, workers had to cut 8,726 wooden bars of an average size of 2x12x25 cm, equal to nearly 10 cubic metres of timber.

In 1954, a tamarind tree collapsed seriously damaging the inner compartment. Although it was restored, the house could no longer preserve its original wooden tile roof.

The house was made of the finest wood of Buon Don forest such as sandalwood.

Through the ups and downs of history due to wars, time and weather, the house has been partly degraded but still retains its structure and the identity of the Central Highlands.

In 1929, it was disassembled and moved to its present-day place in Do Village, 1km away from its former location, to avoid a fire.

It is important that the villagers keep memorabilia of the Elephant King for future generations. Currently, the two outer compartments are used as a shrine and a place to receive guests and display pictures and other memorabilia. The inner room is a place for family activities.

Stilt houses need preservation and restoration

The stilt house is a shelter for families and a space for spreading the culture of ethnic communities in the Central Highlands regions thus preserving and restoring the ancient architecture of stilt houses and contributing to preserving the traditional culture of the region.

{keywords}
The stilt house of the Elephant King in Don Village, Krong Na Commune, Buon Don District, Dak Lak Province is a must-see landmark. Photo vietfuntravel.com.vn

Kham Phet Lao, a resident in Buon Ma Thuot City, said preserving the cultural beauty of the E De people had always been a concern of his, especially the restoration of the long stilt houses.

According to Lao, in the stilt house, xưn K’pan and K'pan chairs are usually placed in the direction of sunrise and sunset to reflect the spiritual life of the people living in them.

To restore a long stilt-house, the owner must pay attention to these two chairs, he said.

Meanwhile, H’Luu Nie, a local in Ko Thong Village, Buon Ma Thuot City, said she paid much attention to regularly restoring and upgrading her old stilt house for her children and grandchildren.

"I want to preserve it for our future generations and to teach them about the beauty of our cultural identity and community," said Nie.

She said it was very difficult to rebuild the houses today because it was hard to find the real original wood, but she still tried her best.

"I have been much encouraged by tourists and supported by the local authorities. Many visitors who come to my house have also recommended keeping the traditional style for the community and the nation as a whole" she said.

Source: Vietnam News

A dying breed: Dak Lak elephants set for better welfare

A dying breed: Dak Lak elephants set for better welfare

More elephants in the Central Highlands of Vietnam are set to retire from their laborious and controversial work in tourism from 2022, amid growing concern over the welfare of this extraordinary animal that is on the brink of extinction.

Elephant rides for tourists in Dak Lak to end soon

Elephant rides for tourists in Dak Lak to end soon

Dak Lak will put an end to activities affecting the welfare of domestic elephants, including tourist elephant rides, competitions for elephants, marches for hours, or recreation of hunting and taming scenes with elephants.

MORE NEWS

Samsung emerges as largest foreign investor in Vietnam

Vietnam has attracted more than US$14 billion in foreign direct investment (FDI) in the first half of 2022, and electronic giant Samsung has attained its position as the largest investor thanks to its additional large-scale investments.

VIETNAM BUSINESS NEWS JULY 1

Vietnam’s economic growth accelerates on back of exports, manufacturing: Bloomberg

Some 155 Vietnamese athletes to partake in ASEAN Para Games 2022

The ASEAN Para Games 2022 is a qualifier for athletes to win tickets to Paralympic Paris 2024.

Anti-corruption drive - an irreversible trend in Vietnam, says Party leader

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong reiterated the Party’s strong stance on combatting corruption among ranking officials while addressing an anti-corruption conference in Hanoi on June 30, stating that it will be an enduring policy.

Vietnam’s African swine fever vaccine to be widely used by late 2022

The vaccination is expected to be carried out in Vietnam from July to the end of this year.

Noi Bai International Airport’s domestic flight volume grows rapidly

Noi Bai International Airport’s domestic flight volume has been growing rapidly, 40 per cent higher than the peak time of summer in 2019, before the COVID-19 pandemic.

Magazines exceeding their functions need to be eliminated: journalist

Many magazines go beyond their functions and produce content beyond the principles and purposes stated in licenses.

Investors to be able to trade stocks on T+2 settlement cycle

According to the new draft, securities will be transferred to investors' accounts within the trading hours of T+2.

Vietnam jumps eight notches in international beauty ranking

Vietnam has moved up eight positions to 42nd in the grand slam ranking for beauty over the past two years, announced international beauty site Globalbeauties.

Thailand Fashion Week 2022 features Vietnamese culture

A Vietnamese collection imbued with Vietnamese culture dubbed 'Sounds Of Vietnamese And Colours Of Five Continents' kicked off Thailand Fashion Week in Bangkok on June 30.

Small alleys offer authentic taste of Hanoi cuisine

Small and sneaky alleys in the Hanoi Old Quarter not only offer enjoyable experiences of the capital city’s time-honoured culture but also the authentic taste of Hanoi cuisine.

Vietnam urged to upgrade to attract big rubber funding

Vietnam’s rubber industry is exerting every effort to meet global sustainability standards.

Fish-sauce exports have great international potential: MARD

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) believes that the fish sauce industry has great potential to develop like the wine industry.

Rumor on former Minister of Health’s suicide in prison denied

Amid the rumors about former Minister of Health Nguyen Thanh Long and former Director of Hanoi Heart Hospital Nguyen Quang Tuan suicided in prison, a police official confirmed that it is fake news.

Vietnam continues to be one of the top FDI receivers in ASEAN

Vietnam continues to be a magnet to foreign direct investment (FDI) in ASEAN as it is transforming into a production base for tech giants.
back_to_top