Vietnam among top countries of sex ratio imbalance at birth

As Vietnam is listed among three countries with the highest rate of sex ratio imbalance at birth, local authorities are making efforts to raise public awareness and tighten regulations to shorten the gap.

Vietnam among top countries of sex ratio imbalance at birth

Vietnam’s imbalance rate in 2019 was 111.5 boys per 100 girls. 

According to the latest report on the world’s population conducted by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Vietnam’s imbalance rate in 2019 was 111.5 boys per 100 girls, behind only China and India - the two most populous countries in the world.

Vietnam has faced a sex ratio imbalance at birth since 2006.

Pham Vu Hoang, deputy head of General Office for Population and Family Planning, said the imbalance started in Vietnam late but has increased faster than in other Asian countries.

In 2006, the country's sex ratio at birth started to exceed normal levels (104-106 boys to 100 girls). That ratio increased to 111.2 boys in 2010 and 112.8 boys in 2015. The increase was different between urban and rural areas and among regions.

The general population and housing census in 2019 showed the ratio was higher in rural areas than urban. The Red River Delta in the north had the highest level of imbalance.

Ha Thi Quynh Anh, a gender and human right specialist from the UNFPA, attributed the sex imbalance at birth in Vietnam to biased gender selection.

Many families in Vietnam prefer sons to inherit the home when parents have died and take over ancestor worship. Men are believed to be stronger than women so sons are trusted to work and take care of parents when they get old.

Many families abuse the development of technology to select their children’s gender. Decreased family size has forced parents to choose to have at least one son, she said.

Those reasons resulted in 40,800 unborn girls in Vietnam each year. This figure is calculated based on the difference between the estimated number of girls born following natural laws and the actual number of girls born in a year, Anh said.

International and Vietnamese studies have shown that sex imbalance at birth can lead to unpredictable consequences for society, the economy and political security.

There will be more men at marriage age than women, breaking the family structure, Pham Vu Hoang, deputy head of the General Office for Population and Family Planning said.

International experts have predicted that if the sex imbalance at birth is not controlled, by 2050, Vietnam will have a surplus of about 2.3 to 4.3 million men. That leads to some men having to marry late and many of them being unable to.

 

The increase in the sex ratio at birth also increases inequality such as the early marriage of women, increasing rate of divorce and remarriage of women, gender violence and woman trafficking, Hoang said.

UNFPA expert Ha Thi Quynh Anh said biased gender selection will put women under pressure to give birth to sons, leading to abortion or multiple births until they have a boy. This affects the physical, mental, reproductive and sexual health of women. Men will find it difficult to look for a partner to marry when they mature, especially men with low education, from poor families or who live in disadvantaged areas.

Vietnam has not felt the consequences of sex ratio imbalance at birth yet, but experiences from China and India show the consequences. Vietnam needs proper policies to respond to the problem, she said.

Raising public awareness

To control the sex ratio imbalance at birth, Vietnam adopted a project in the 2016-25 period which focuses on raising public awareness and encouraging the involvement of agencies, social organisations and the community to take action.

It aims to pull down the imbalance to a natural ratio of below 109 boys per 100 girls by 2030.

Taking effect from next month, violations in counselling methods to obtain the desired sex of a fetus will face tougher punishments, he said.

UNFPA expert Ha Thi Quynh Anh recommended Vietnam pay attention to communication to change social norms towards gender equality by putting gender education in the school curriculum.

To change social norms on gender, Vietnam should focus on changing public behaviours through communication channels to remove gender stereotypes and build new gender norms.

“We need to build positive male and female models as well as new gender standards in the family. For example, men are willing to share the chores with women; women can do jobs previously thought only to be able to be done by men. Children can take the mother's surname or sons and daughters have equal inheritance rights.”

Vietnam needs to promote men's participation in gender equality and violence prevention against women and girls. We should put forward social protection policies for the elderly to eliminate the thought of having a son to rely on in old age, she said. VNS

Vietnam faces worsening gender imbalance

Vietnam faces worsening gender imbalance

The gender imbalance in Vietnam has worsened, with the number of males at birth far outnumbering females, Doctor Nguyen Dinh Cu from the Institute for Population, Family and Children Studies said.

About 40,800 female births estimated to be missing every year

About 40,800 female births estimated to be missing every year

Vietnam is facing the unbalanced sex ratio at birth (SRB), with about 40,800 female births estimated to be missing every year, according to the State of the World Population Report 2020. 

 
 

Other News

.
‘Sharing with Teachers’ Program still held despite Covid-19 epidemic
‘Sharing with Teachers’ Program still held despite Covid-19 epidemic
SOCIETYicon  24/11/2021 

After many schedule disturbances, the organizers of ‘Sharing with Teachers’ program 2021 still tried to organize a ceremony to pay gratitude for energetic teachers and those who are teaching in remote and mountainous areas on November 11th.

HCM City still struggling with new Covid cases
HCM City still struggling with new Covid cases
FEATUREicon  23/11/2021 

HCM City Healthcare Department’s Chief Secretariat Nguyen Thi Huynh Mai said the increase in number of new Covid cases in recent days is not a sign of a new Covid-19 wave but the public should continue to take preventive health measures.

HCM City to spend $1.3b to clear inner-city slums along canals
HCM City to spend $1.3b to clear inner-city slums along canals
SOCIETYicon  23/11/2021 

HCM City authorities will spend more than VND28.4 trillion (US$1.3 billion) to relocate all inner-city slums along its canals as part of its scheme to beautify urban landscapes along canals by 2025, said a city official.

Southern provinces strengthen COVID-19 prevention measures as cases increase
Southern provinces strengthen COVID-19 prevention measures as cases increase
SOCIETYicon  23/11/2021 

Many southern provinces have strengthened COVID-19 prevention measures as the number of locally transmitted cases has increased in the region.

Hanoi's high school students may return to school next month
Hanoi's high school students may return to school next month
SOCIETYicon  23/11/2021 

Given that the COVID-19 vaccination for children goes on at an expected pace, high school students in Hanoi will be allowed to return to school in December.

HCM City recommends 7-day mandatory quarantine for COVID-19 patients
HCM City recommends 7-day mandatory quarantine for COVID-19 patients
SOCIETYicon  23/11/2021 

The HCM City Department of Health has sought permission from the Ministry of Health for a seven-day quarantine period for fully vaccinated and asymptomatic cases with negative COVID-19 test results.

Hanoi starts COVID-19 inoculation for children aged 15-17
Hanoi starts COVID-19 inoculation for children aged 15-17
SOCIETYicon  23/11/2021 

Hanoi began vaccinating children aged 15-17 against COVID-19 from November 23 morning, using the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

Vietnam railway system needs reform
Vietnam railway system needs reform
FEATUREicon  23/11/2021 

Vietnam’s railways have become out of date after 100 years of use. Developing high-speed railways is a solution that has been discussed for years but no decision has ever been made.

Government invests in 12 more projects along North-South Expressway
Government invests in 12 more projects along North-South Expressway
SOCIETYicon  22/11/2021 

The Government proposed another 12 projects covering 729km of road on the North-South Express, according to the Ministry of Transport.

First day of commercial operations of Cat Linh-Ha Dong metro line after two-week free trial
First day of commercial operations of Cat Linh-Ha Dong metro line after two-week free trial
SOCIETYicon  22/11/2021 

Cat Linh-Ha Dong urban rail line in Hanoi, the first metro project to be completed and running in Vietnam, officially began commercial operations on November 21, to a lesser ridership than previous days.

VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES NOVEMBER 22
VIETNAM NEWS HEADLINES NOVEMBER 22
SOCIETYicon  22/11/2021 

Prime Minister to attend 13th ASEM Summit

Vietnam commemorates road traffic victims
Vietnam commemorates road traffic victims
SOCIETYicon  22/11/2021 

The National Traffic Safety Committee, Vietnam Television and Toyota Vietnam jointly hosted a ceremony on November 21 evening to commemorate victims of traffic accidents in Vietnam.

HCM City school classes 9 to 12 to resume next month
HCM City school classes 9 to 12 to resume next month
SOCIETYicon  22/11/2021 

The HCM City Department of Education and Training has recommended that schools should be reopened for fully vaccinated students from grades nine to 12 in COVID-19 low- and medium-risk areas on December 10.

Covid-19 related deaths and critical cases fall sharply in Vietnam
Covid-19 related deaths and critical cases fall sharply in Vietnam
SOCIETYicon  22/11/2021 

After one month of Resolution 128, the number of Covid-19 related deaths and critical cases has dropped sharply, according to the National Steering Committee for Covid-19 Prevention and Control.

Vietnam reports 9,889 new cases of COVID-19 on Sunday
Vietnam reports 9,889 new cases of COVID-19 on Sunday
SOCIETYicon  21/11/2021 

Vietnam reported a total of 9,889 new COVID-19 infections and 76 COVID-related deaths on Sunday.

Localities see more locally-transmitted cases of Covid-19
Localities see more locally-transmitted cases of Covid-19
SOCIETYicon  21/11/2021 

According to the Ministry of Health’s report, Vietnam has put the epidemic under its control nationwide.

HCM City seeks 1.66b USD to build affordable housing for workers
HCM City seeks 1.66b USD to build affordable housing for workers
SOCIETYicon  21/11/2021 

HCMC authorities are seeking 37.6 trillion VND (1.66 billion USD) to build affordable housing for workers over the next five years, of which State revenue will account for no more than 5 percent of the total investment.

HCMC proposes to receive 100,000 more Molnupiravir doses
HCMC proposes to receive 100,000 more Molnupiravir doses
SOCIETYicon  21/11/2021 

Ho Chi Minh City has asked for 100,000 more Molnupiravir doses.

Unforgettable moments in the fight against Covid-19 in HCM City
Unforgettable moments in the fight against Covid-19 in HCM City
FEATUREicon  22/11/2021 

Moments in the fight against Covid-19 in HCM City and the southern provinces this year have reminded people not only of difficulties and losses but also of human love and the efforts to overcome adversity.

Vietnamese children learn how to deal with harmful ‘challenges’ online
Vietnamese children learn how to deal with harmful ‘challenges’ online
SOCIETYicon  21/11/2021 

A study conducted in Vietnam and some countries shows that minors are likely to be exposed to toxic challenges online. What should parents do to reduce the risks?

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN