The picture of Vietnam's banking sector in 2019
The BIDV’s sale of shares to South Korean investor, the technology upgrading race among banks and a series of moves taken by the central bank are the highlights of 2019.
In November, BIDV completed the sale of 15 percent of its shares to KEB Hana Bank. The deal brought the net revenue of VND20.2 trillion to the Vietnamese bank and helped raised its charter capital to VND40.22 trillion.
After three years long of preparation, BIDV has successfully fulfilled the plan to increase capital to satisfy the requirements on capital adequacy ratio for credit institutions.
18 banks meet Basel II standards
These include two foreign banks, Shinhan Vietnam and Standard Chartered Vietnam, and 16 Vietnamese banks.
Vietcombank and VIB were the first two banks that got approval to apply Basel II standards, followed by OCB. The other banks include ACB, VPBank, MB, Techcombank, Maritime Bank, HDBank, TPBank, SeABank, Viet Capital Bank, VietBank, LienVietPostBank, NamABank and BIDV most recently.
No bank enters bourse in 2019
Unlike 2017 and 2018, when a lot of banks began listing shares on the official bourses, 2019 saw all the banks immovable. VietBank was the only bank that put its shares in transactions on UpCom.
Most recently, Maritime Bank has taken steps to prepare for listing shares at the HCM City Stock Exchange. Meanwhile, the Securities Depository Center has granted the registration certificate to Viet Capital Bank with the code BVB.
Under the PM’s request, all joint stock banks will have to list shares and 2020 is the deadline.
SBV tightens lending, slashes prime interest rates
Under the roadmap set by SBV, the proportion of short-term capital which can be used for long-term lending will gradually decrease from 40 percent currently to 30 percent. The process will last 3 years.
In September 2019, SBV cut the refinancing interest rate from 6.25 percent to 6 percent per annum and the re-discount interest rate from 4.25 percent to 4 percent.
In November 2019, SBV slashed the ceiling deposit interest rate from 1 percent to 0.8 percent applied to less-than-1-month deposit, and from 5.5 percent to 5 percent for 1-6-month deposits.
Dong stays stable despite fluctuations in the world
Vietnam dong was one of a few currencies which has the value stable in comparison with the greenback.
The dong once saw the depreciation in late April and early May. However, the buying price quoted by commercial banks at that time increased only by 0.84 percentage point compared with late 2018, at VND23,360 per dollar.
The digital banking race
Banks rushed to apply high technologies into their operations and credit activities. The conversion of magnetic into chip cards, the development of mobile applications and movement towards cashless payments were the most noteworthy activities.
Vietnam International Bank (VIB) has become the first bank in Viet Nam to complete the three pillars of Basel II, which are minimum capital, supervisory review and market discipline.
Kien Long Bank has become the eighth bank to clear all bad debts they had previously sold to the Viet Nam Asset Management Company (VAMC) before the maturity date, VAMC announced on Tuesday.