return icon

TPP heralds new financial structuring

 VietNamNet Bridge – Experts forecast that the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) will bring about sweeping changes within the Vietnamese financial market, however, thorough preparation is needed to maximize potential benefits.

VietNamNet Bridge – Experts forecast that the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) will bring about sweeping changes within the Vietnamese financial market, however, thorough preparation is needed to maximize potential benefits.

Promotion of cross-border financial services

Chapter 11 of the TPP, which focuses on financial services, outlines the participating countries’ agreements on integrating their banking, insurance, and investment markets.

According to this chapter, countries in the TPP must provide equal treatment to foreign investors in the financial sector. Overseas financial institutions should go through the same procedure with their domestic counterparts upon setting up a new business.



Foreign financial institutions should not be treated with any bias in terms of cross-border services, or access to the public payment and clearing system.

Moreover, financial investors should not be limited on the number of entities or services they want to establish in a TPP country. People should be free to choose financial services from any of the participating nations.

Chapter 11 also stresses the highest level of transparency in the financial sector. To supervise the 12 countries’ implementation of this chapter, a new Committee on Financial Services will be set up.

Vietnam, alongside Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and the US, is expected to implement these regulations within two years of the TPP’s approval by all 12 partners.

New opportunities and challenges ahead

With emphasis on the financial sector, the TPP is considered a “new generation of trade agreement”, covering the economy comprehensively, rather than just focusing on trade.

Many experts are of the opinion that this historic deal will attract a flood of capital into Vietnam, boosting the domestic financial system. By partnering with the more developed economies in the TPP, Vietnam may welcome large financial entities and investment funds in the years to come.

At a recent TPP conference in Hanoi, Vu Nhu Thang, head of the International Cooperation Department of the Ministry of Finance, stated that Vietnam is committed to opening up its financial markets to foreign investors and protecting their rights in Vietnam.

Banking expert Can Van Luc predicted that Vietnamese banks will raise their foreign ownership limit from 30% to 50% or 70% thanks to the TPP and other trade deals. In fact, many banks like Military Bank or VietinBank have already embarked on the quest to find overseas strategic partners.

Financial expert Nguyen Tri Hieu was also upbeat about the prospects of the Vietnamese financial market post-TPP. However, he also voiced his concern over Vietnam’s low credit ratings score.

“As Vietnam integrates further into the global market, lots of overseas investors have considered entering Vietnam, and the TPP will quicken this process, but at present, many foreigners are still wary of Vietnam’s low credit score.

Specifically, Vietnam’s score is lower than any other TPP country, as well-known credit agencies like Moody, Standard and Poor, and Fitch only rate the country at B1, BB-, and B+ respectively,” Hieu told VIR.

Hieu added that with such low credit scores, Vietnamese banks and insurance providers may find it difficult to attract foreign financial investors. Moreover, the high amount of bad debt and an undeveloped retail banking system could also be major obstacles.

Suggested solutions

To improve Vietnam’s credit score and lure foreign investors following the TPP, lawyer Truong Thanh Duc, chairman of Basico law firm, recommended that Vietnamese financial institutions start following the Basel 2 standards as soon as possible. This means adopting strong risk management, modern technology, and strict corporate governance.

“Many countries in the TPP have already followed Basel 3, so it’s urgent that Vietnamese banks make drastic improvements to their operations. If our banks fail to do so, they’ll lose both the attention of foreign investors, and their own market share in Vietnam to foreign competitors,” said Duc.

Meanwhile, Can Van Luc suggested that Vietnam should welcome investors from TPP member countries to restructure the banking system and buy bad debts from Vietnamese banks. “This requires developing a market for debt trading.”

Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, secretary general of the Vietnamese Banking Association (VBA), noted that the VBA has started working with international organizations to inform Vietnamese banks of the TPP’s regulations. Afterwards, the VBA will propose improvement plans to its members accordingly.



Vietnamese professor honoured with prestigious IUPAC award

Vietnamese Professor Nguyen Thi Kim Thanh has received “the Distinguished Women in Chemistry or Chemical Engineering Awards” by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) in 2023.

Hanoi targets GRDP per capita of 36,000 USD by 2045

Hanoi is set to become a globally-connected city with high living standards and quality of life, according to a new plan that aims to raise the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) per capita to 36,000 USD by 2045.

Vietnamese security expert honored by US wireless carrier

Ngo Minh Hieu, a white-hat hacker, has been honored by many US technology corporations.

Many real estate firms declared bankruptcy in 2022

The number of real estate firms declaring bankruptcy and dissolution in 2022 increased by 38.7 percent over 2021, according to the Ministry of Construction’s (MOC) recent report.

Electricity prices must be reasonable: PM

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh recently chaired a conference on domestic consumption and exports in 2023.

Vietnamese aviation market predicted to fully recover by year-end

The Vietnamese aviation market is forecast to fully recover by the end of this year, according to a global outlook for the aviation industry released by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) recently.

Many Japanese firms plan expansion in Vietnam: JETRO poll

Sixty percent of Japanese investors in Asia-Pacific polled in a 2022 survey by the Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) said they plan to expand operations in Vietnam within the next two years.

Artificial intelligence programs can't replace human: Experts

With limited data resources and reliance on the will of programmers, AI-powered applications such as ChatGPT can give incorrect answers to user queries.

Despite decelerating, phone exports still have long-term prospects

Phones and components achieved an export turnover of US$57.9 billion last year, a year-on-year increase of only 0.8 per cent.

Hopes gaining ground for 5G commercialisation in 2023

With 5G commercialisation in the gun barrel for 2023, the road for tech players to expand in the market is around the corner, but more favourable conditions may be required to make the most of the situation.

HCM City to launch appropriate programs, policies to attract young talents

The Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine in HCM City on February 6 held a talk on seeking solutions for supporting and developing young talents and future leaders and implementing program 01 of the municipal Party Committee.

Admiring the tranquil beauty of the holy land

Located in Chuong My District of Hanoi, the ancient Tram Gian Pagoda has been known far and wide for its long history and beauty.

Central bank not tighten real estate credit: Deputy Governor

The State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) has never issued any documents or statements ordering credit for real estate be tightened, Deputy Governor Dao Minh Tu said on February 8.

Vietnamese Prime Minister starts official visit to Singapore

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh, his spouse, and a high-ranking Vietnamese delegation arrived in Changi Airport on February 8 afternoon, starting a three-day official visit to Singapore.

Businesses discuss ways to overcome challenges in 2023

Warned that uncertainties will still exist in 2023, businesses need to prepare well to weather the storm.