return icon

UNESCO expert: Vietnam education reform on right path, recommends better allocation of funds

Dominique Altner, Senior Program Specialist at IIEP (International Institute for Educational Planning), spoke to VietnamNet about the development of Vietnam’s education system in the last five years.


Dominique Altner, Senior Program Specialist at IIEP



Asked if she thinks the educational sector needs higher investments to reach its goals, the expert said that while Covid-19 has led to a decline in the global economy, Vietnam still had positive growth rate in 2020.

If the current proportion of expenses on education are maintained, the total investment in the sector will increase year after year.

She is more concerned, however, about how to manage resources to serve reforms in the near future: upgrading training quality, raising teacher standards, improving teaching and learning methods, and developing courseware and ensuring credit transfer between education levels, thereby promoting opportunities to access education at all levels.

This means the major challenge lies in investment resource management and allocation, rather than total investment capital.

The expert stressed that Vietnam has defined the issues it needs to focus on and is on the right way to development.

She suggested that in the time to come, it should emphasize diversification of ways to access post-secondary education, and improve vocational training so as to satisfy requirements form the labor market.

The country also needs to build plans to prepare for changes in the future in the population structure. In addition, the internationalization of education may lead to a brain drain, with students not returning to Vietnam after study abroad.


Vietnam has a new general education program associated with basic changes in student assessment methods, teaching methods and materials, and changes in criteria for teacher assessment. All these efforts show strong determination and commitments to improve education quality.


Altner is a lead advisor to the project of the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) that supports the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) in developing Vietnam’s education strategy in the 2021-2030 period.

She said that many changes in Vietnam’s education sector have been made in the last five years. Vietnam has paid importance to social issues related to education, especially the expansion of the preschool system and higher education. For example, it set the goal of universalizing preschool and secondary education.

The rate of children not attending school is low, which is great progress that Vietnam has made compared with many other countries, she noted.

However, she is most impressed with the educational system's focus on quality.

Vietnam has a new general education program associated with basic changes in student assessment methods, teaching methods and materials, and changes in criteria for teacher assessment. All these efforts show strong determination and commitments to improve education quality.

These are the results of efforts to complete the specific approach followed by Vietnam, and are also attributed to applying international experiences.

Unlike OECD (the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries, which have developed their systems over a long period, Vietnam has to both expand the system and improve training quality at the same time in order to satisfy the requirements of the changing labor market.

The increase in number of informatics and foreign language centers in recent years is clear evidence of the flexibility, encouragement and contribution of the non-state sector in the educational system.

She noted MOET’s role in improving general education quality, especially secondary education in the last 10 years, increasing opportunities for different groups in society to access education.

She warned that Vietnam will face a teacher shortage as an inevitable result of urbanization and increased attention to services and industries.

In the future, when Vietnam joins the group of high income countries, its population growth rate is expected to decline. This means that the number of students at different education levels will be decreasing.

Migration and urbanization will also lead to an unequal allocation of teachers in different economic zones. In some areas, such as the suburbs or large cities there will be teacher shortage, while in other areas, a student shortage will occur (remote areas and disadvantaged areas).

As a specialist at IIEP, Altner is in charge of researching operation policies and ability promotion projects in order to consolidate domestic and regional training establishments in education planning and management.

She designs and provides training courses on professional development at the national level, focusing on a comprehensive approach in analyzing and planning educational sector development, including models for simulating and analyzing the education management functions of ministries. 

Dong Ha

Teacher in remote area honored for dedication to improve educational facilities

Teacher in remote area honored for dedication to improve educational facilities

For the last 26 years working as an upland teacher, Truong Thi Nhuong, a teacher at Tan Thanh Primary and Secondary School in Ha Giang province, spent 23 years working in remote branches.

Textbook changes – a test of education reform

Textbook changes – a test of education reform

Minister of Education and Training Phung Xuan Nha noted before the National Assembly that the content of Canh Dieu (Kite), the textbook for first graders, is “not appropriate".


Experience Hanoi in its autumn glory

Thanks to its geographical location, the Vietnamese capital city of Hanoi witnesses contrastingly different weather conditions during the four seasons of the year.


HCYU’s 7th National Congress to be held next week

RoK President hosts State-level welcoming ceremony for Vietnamese counterpart

President Nguyen Xuan Phuc was welcomed in Seoul with a 21-gun salute which is given to a foreign head of state during a State-level visit to the Republic of Korea (RoK).


2022 ASEAN Postal Business Meeting to be held in Binh Dinh

Ministry considering EVN’s proposal for electricity price hikes

The Ministry of Industry and Trade is reviewing Vietnam Electricity's (EVN) proposal to increase electricity prices as rising input cost was weighing on the largest power company with record loss anticipated for this year.

Proper investment needed to develop night-time economy in Vietnam

The night-time economy of major cities in the country has remained underdeveloped due to a lack of proper investment and an absence of a legal framework and policies to promote it, authorities said.

Vietnam's rice exports likely to reach US$3.5 billion this year

Vietnam is anticipated to rake in roughly US$3.5 billion from exporting more than seven million tonnes of rice this year, according to industry insiders.

Local movie to be screened at Australian Vietnamese Film Festival

Vietnamese film "Cô gái từ quá khứ" (Girl from the past) will be introduced at the Australian Vietnamese Film Festival (AVFF) 2022 which is getting underway in Melbourne, Australia.

Auctions for car licence plates to be tested from July 2023

The starting price of a car licence plate put up for auction is VND40 million. The price may increase by increments of VND5 million.

Purpose-led business to drive superior performance

Working and developing a career at an enterprise with a mission towards sustainable development, employees can bring their goals to life.

Vietnam is well-positioned for green hydrogen production

Green hydrogen (GH2) industrial development is a direction for Viet Nam in the energy transition roadmap to achieve the goal of zero carbon emissions by 2050 but challenges remain, experts said.

Vietnamese Ao Dai honoured at Hanoi festival

Young designer Vu Thao Giang introduced a collection of Ao Dai, a traditional long dress of Vietnam, kick-starting the 2022 Hanoi Tourism Ao Dai festival oon December 2.

Entertainment and cultural events of the week (December 5-11)

Upcoming entertainment and cultural events in Vietnam's major cities on December 5-11.

Three belts on the line at 'Fortunes of War' boxing event in Vung Tau

A blockbuster "Fortunes of War" boxing event will bring together Asia's best fighters in 12 bouts, including three title matches, sanctioned by the IBF and WBO on December 10 at The Grand Ho Tram Strip, Ba Ria Vung Tau Province.

Gold items popular with wealthy Vietnamese

Wealthy people in Vietnam are willing to spend money for their villas, ornamental plants and cars.