What is the key to development of VN's industrial zones?
While many IZs are left idle or have low occupancy rates, others are very selective in accepting tenants because they are located in advantageous positions and are well organized.
In Vinh Phuc province, many IZs are nearly fully occupied, even though Vinh Phuc’s leaders reject projects that may cause environmental pollution.
The Vietnam-Singapore IZ in Binh Duong
In 1997, Vinh Phuc only had one IZ, Kim Hoa, with the area of 50 hectares. To date, 18 IZs in the province with total area of 5,228 hectares have been approved by the Prime Minister.
The occupancy rate is 98 percent in Khai Quang IZ, 92 percent in Binh Xuyen, 100 percent in Binh Xuyen II and Ba Thien, and 87.8 percent in Ba Thien II.
In the first six months of the year, the Vinh Phuc IZ Board of Management granted new investment certificates to 12 projects, despite Covid-19, and certificates on capital adjustment to 22 projects.
|In the first six months of the year, the Vinh Phuc IZ Board of Management granted new investment certificates to 12 projects, despite Covid-19, and certificates on capital adjustment to 22 projects.|
The newly registered projects were in the fields of electronics and car parts manufacturing. Vinh Phuc is one of the first provinces in the country that said ‘no’ to projects in polluting fields such as dyeing and weaving.
To date, Vinh Phuc has attracted 364 projects to IZs, including 63 Vietnamese invested, and capitalized at VND14.956 trillion, and 301 foreign invested, capitalized at $4.1 billion.
To attract investors, local authorities promise ‘three goods’ – good legal environment, good technical conditions, and good services to enterprises.
Analysts point out that in the past, the investment of IZs was decided by local authorities, which resulted in an ‘IZ rush’, i.e. local authorities tried to establish as many IZs as possible in their policies, without consideration of investment efficiency.
An official of the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) admitted that projects with fabricated attractive figures would easily get approval.
However, things are different now, as private enterprises also develop IZs, creating new-style IZs.
One of the first IZs of this kind was the $1.5 billion VSIP I in Binh Duong province. It was developed by a joint venture between Singaporean Sembcorp Industries and Vietnamese Becamex IDC.
Covering an area of 500 hectares, the IZ is fully occupied with 231 investment projects capitalized at $3.2 billion in total. Encouraging investments in hi-tech environmentally-friendly fields, such as electronic component manufacturing and precise mechanics, it attracts investors from the US, South Korea and Japan. The IZ has created 95,000 jobs.
Many private investors have poured money into IZ projects after hearing about the new FDI wave, in which foreign investors want to relocate their production bases out of China.
Tan Thanh Long An and Sang Tao Viet Nam last May kicked off construction of Viet Phat IZ with 1,800 hectares in Long An province, 59 kilometers from the HCM City center.
The media have recently featured industrial properties, especially industrial land, as a potential area to attract investment.
Despite the impact of the novel coronavirus pandemic, the central province of Quang Ngai has received more than 1,700 foreign experts who will continue their work in local industrial zones and clusters.