The circular guides localities in promulgating policies to reward and support collectives and individuals that implement the family and population policy.
According to this document, the reward aims to encourage steady maintenance of replacement fertility in 21 provinces that have low birth rates.
The provinces and cities with low birth rates include: HCM City, Dong Thap, Hau Giang, Ba Ria - Vung Tau, Binh Duong, Khanh Hoa, Long An, Bac Lieu, Tay Ninh, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, Dong Nai, Binh Thuan, Tien Giang, Can Tho, Vinh Long, An Giang, Ben Tre, Da Nang, Quang Ngai and Kien Giang.
The average birth rate in these provinces and cities is 1.5 - 1.6 children per woman of reproductive age. The birth rate in HCM City once fell to 1.24 children/woman, the lowest in the country.
The circular also proposes rewards and support in cash or in kind to communes and wards in the provinces and cities with low birth rates where at least 60% of couples of reproductive age give birth to two children over three consecutive years.
In the provinces with high birth rates, women of reproductive age who already have two children and voluntarily use long-term contraception methods will also be rewarded in cash or in kind.
The circular takes effect on March 10. It is considered one of the measures to help Vietnam reduce the large birth-rate gap between regions.
Alarmingly falling birth rate in HCM City worried authorities as falling birth rates in the city could spell disaster for economic growth and welfare systems.
Vietnam currently has 33 provinces with high birth rates, including many economically developed localities.