Cham ethnic villages shine with impressive cultural characteristics

The mosques with their ancient and impressive architecture are where Cham men practice five religious services a day. Cham women are busy at the loom every day.

Cham ethnic villages shine with impressive cultural characteristics

Cham villages in An Giang province are home to dozens of small and large mosques. 


The mosques with their ancient and impressive architecture are  where Cham men practice five religious services a day. Cham women are busy at the loom every day.

Cham villages in An Giang province are characterized by  wooden stilt houses  located along the banks of the Hau River and its branches. Dozens of large and small mosques stand out with four towers in four corners.

Situated in Tan Chau town, Mubarak Mosque is the most famous. Recognized as a national architectural heritage in 2011, Mubarak plays an important role in the spiritual life and religious beliefs of the Cham who must face the direction of the mosque to pray. It is also the place for community activities every Friday.

So Ro Les, head of  ethnic affairs of Tan Chau town in An Giang province, said “On Friday, local parishioners gather at the mosque to listen to dogmas, which guide them to follow religious teachings and rules, abide by state regulations, and engage in a healthy civilized lifestyle.”

Language is one of special features of the Cham culture. Most mosques now offer classes to teach the Cham  language and Cham script. At daytime, children learn  the national language at school. In the evenings, they come to the mosques to learn speaking and writing in their traditional language.

Haji Abdolhamid, Deputy Chief of the Cham Azhar Mosque in Chau Giang hamlet, said “First we want to help them learn the Koran and learn how to practice religious rituals. Through such activities, they can understand the need to preserve  traditional culture and know their mother tongue.”

The Cham people in An Giang have 3 major festivals in the  Islamic calendar year - the Roja festival or a pilgrimage to La Mecque Holy Land on the 10th day of the 12th month, Ramadan, also known as the fasting ritual, lasting from the 1st to 30th day of the ninth month, and Prophet Muhammad's birthday on the 12th day of the third month.

 

During the holy month of Ramadan, wherever the Cham people go or work, they will try to return home to perform  religious rites.

After the end of Ramadan, the Cham will begin the Roja or Haij festival,  a traditional holiday to celebrate a new year. The locals slaughter goats and cows to hold celebrations at mosques after a  year of hard work. This is also the time when traditional cultural and art activities are organized.

Haji Chau Ka Dua, Secretary of the Management Board of Mubarak Mosque, told VOV “Ramadan is a sacred month for Muslims. During the annual religious festival, Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset will be fasting – no food, no water and all that is  forbidden by the Koran. The move aims to help them understand the lives led by poor people, the meaning of sharing.”

The Cham’s traditional costumes are unique. Both men and women wear a special dress called a ‘Sarong’ throughout their daily and festival activities. On men’s heads, there is the typical cloth hat of Muslim followers with embroidery motifs. Cham women wear a scarf called a Matora or Khanh Maom around their head and then cover their shoulders. 

Ro Mak, a weaver of Cham Chau Phong village in Tan Chau town, said that from a young age, Cham girls have been taught how to cook traditional dishes and especially  the traditional craft of embroidery and brocade weaving.

“Though brocade weaving is a hard work, I feel happy to do it because it’s our traditional craft. I’ll try my best to preserve it. We make three types of brocade products. Other items are bought from different villages to sell for visitors and the locals,” said Ro Mak. VOV5

Grassroots cadres taught Cham ethnic language

Grassroots cadres taught Cham ethnic language

Seeing the significance of using ethnic minority languages in communicating with ethnic minorities, the central province of Ninh Thuan has provided training courses on Cham ethnic language to grassroots cadres.  

Festival promotes Cham ethnic people’s culture

Festival promotes Cham ethnic people’s culture

A festival on the cultural preservation and development of the Cham ethnic group will be organised in the south central province of Phu Yen on August 13-16.  

 
 

Other News

.
Vietnamese food: Red noodle crab soup
Vietnamese food: Red noodle crab soup
YOUR VIETNAMicon  19/11/2019 

This noodle soup is filled with the great taste of crabs and it's a super winter warmer! Comfort food at its finest. You'll want to get your claws into it ASAP.
 

Vietnamese food: Crab spring rolls
Vietnamese food: Crab spring rolls
VIDEOicon  16/11/2019 

Filled with crab meat and vegetables before being fried to a perfect crisp, you'll definitely want to snap up these delicious spring rolls!
 

‘Cap sac’ ritual of Dao people
‘Cap sac’ ritual of Dao people
YOUR VIETNAMicon  15/11/2019 

The ‘Cap Sac’ ritual is an indispensable proceeding in the life of every Dao male as it helps him earn the recognition of being mature enough to join in the community’s major activities.

Hung Yen village offers peaceful weekend getaway
Hung Yen village offers peaceful weekend getaway
YOUR VIETNAMicon  14/11/2019 

Lying just 30 kilometres east of Hanoi, Nom Village in Van Lam District, Hung Yen Province retains its image as a traditional village typical of the Red River Delta region.

H’Mong round sticky rice cakes in northwest Vietnam
H’Mong round sticky rice cakes in northwest Vietnam
PHOTOSicon  10/11/2019 

Giay (round sticky rice) cakes have long been an indispensable part of H’Mong cuisine in Vietnam’s northwestern region.

Festival to pray for bumper crop of Kho Mu ethnic people
Festival to pray for bumper crop of Kho Mu ethnic people
PHOTOSicon  10/11/2019 

When shoots from rice grains grow a little, Kho Mu ethnic people often hold a festival to pray for rain and a bumper crop.

“Vietnam Day” at 2019 Havana International Trade Fair
“Vietnam Day” at 2019 Havana International Trade Fair
VIDEOicon  09/11/2019 

A Vietnam Day was held as part of the 2019 Havana International Trade Fair which is taking place in Cuba from November 4-8.

Vietnamese food: Fermented pork sausages
Vietnamese food: Fermented pork sausages
VIDEOicon  14/11/2019 

Sausages anyone? You can't beat a tasty pork sausage anytime of day, and in Việt Nam, well obviously they are brilliant bangers! Grilled or fried are the most popular choice, with a touch of chilli sauce on the side...
 

Pieu scarf in Thai ethnic people’ life
Pieu scarf in Thai ethnic people’ life
YOUR VIETNAMicon  08/11/2019 

The Thai ethnic’s Pieu scarf embodies social and spiritual values.

Music in wedding ritual of Red Dao in Lao Cai province
Music in wedding ritual of Red Dao in Lao Cai province
YOUR VIETNAMicon  05/11/2019 

For the Red Dao, a ceremonial music band is an important part of happy events such as wedding ceremonies. The cheerful sound of clarinets and drums expresses the joy of the bride, bridegroom, and their guests.

100-Pillar House attracts visitors to Dong Thap province
100-Pillar House attracts visitors to Dong Thap province
PHOTOSicon  01/11/2019 

A more than a century-old house which was built with over 100 precious wood pillars located in the Mekong Delta province of Dong Thap is one of the popular destinations by the number of tourists.

Binh An drum-making village
Binh An drum-making village
YOUR VIETNAMicon  29/10/2019 

Binh An Village in Binh Lang commune, Tan Tru district, Long An province is renowned for its hundreds-of-year-old drum making craft, which is still upheld by locals.

Love in Pieu scarf of Thai women
Love in Pieu scarf of Thai women
YOUR VIETNAMicon  28/10/2019 

The ethnic Black Thai of Vietnam’s northwestern region value the Pieu scarf as a symbol of love and an important clothing accessory for women. All Black Thai women can weave and embroider Pieu scarves.

Knife village retains traditional craft
Knife village retains traditional craft
FEATUREicon  26/10/2019 

Phuc Sen Village in the northern province of Cao Bang is not a place first-time visitors might want to stay long, as the noise may come as a shock.

Unique cultural rituals of the Thai ethnic community
Unique cultural rituals of the Thai ethnic community
YOUR VIETNAMicon  22/10/2019 

A ceremony was held in Dien Bien province to promote and introduce Thai ethnic people's unique cultural rituals to the community.

Traditional clothes of the Nung
Traditional clothes of the Nung
YOUR VIETNAMicon  21/10/2019 

The indigo clothes of the Nung in Cao Bang province are distinguishable from others by their designs, which have very few decorations or embroidery. Nung clothing reflects their culture and customs.

“Ta dieu”, a religious symbol of the Thai
“Ta dieu”, a religious symbol of the Thai
YOUR VIETNAMicon  15/10/2019 

The Thai in Son La province have many cultural and ritual customs. Planting or hanging Ta dieu is a typical rite which has been handed down from generation to generation.

Red Dao observe Day for Thunderbolt Deity
Red Dao observe Day for Thunderbolt Deity
YOUR VIETNAMicon  14/10/2019 

The Red Dao have many observances throughout the year, such as abstention day after the Forest Worship on the first day of a New Year and Days of the Wind and Thunderbolt Deities.

Weaving – traditional craft of Tay ethnic minority
Weaving – traditional craft of Tay ethnic minority
YOUR VIETNAMicon  06/10/2019 

Brocades are typical weaving and sewing products of the Tay people in the northern mountainous province of Cao Bang. 

Good health praying ritual of M’nong people
Good health praying ritual of M’nong people
PHOTOSicon  03/10/2019 

M’Nong ethnic people in Dak Nong province boast their typical rituals. Good health praying ritual is among the most typical ones performed in New Year days.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN