Renewable energy has not met potential

The development of wind and solar power has not reached its great potential, especially in the central and southern region, experts have said.

Renewable energy has not met potential

A solar power plant in Ninh Thuan Province. 

Speaking at a conference on renewable energy and roof-top solar power held last week in HCM City, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Hoang Quoc Vuong cited many barriers that have prevented solar and wind power development.

Infrastructure for the energy transmission grid, for instance, has not kept pace with renewable energy projects.

As a result, several projects in provinces such as Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan cannot generate 100 per cent of capacity at certain times, Vuong said.

Roof-top solar power also has high initial costs, and while products and services related to roof-top solar power are available, they have no specific technical standards. This has affected the interest of investors in such projects.

Vuong noted that the Government has created preferential policies that offer favourable conditions for investors to exploit the potential of renewable energy for sustainable socio-economic development.

The ministry has also set up action programmes, which have been submitted to the Prime Minister for approval, that would be the legal basis for implementation of such projects, Vuong added.

Since the issuance of the governmental Decision on preferential policies for solar power development in April 2017, around 4,500 MW of power has been connected to the grid.

Nearly 500 MW of roof-top solar power and more than 400 MW of wind power systems are operating. And about 3,000 MW of solar power and 2,000 MW of wind power systems are under construction and are expected to be operating by the end of this year.

These solar and wind power systems will reduce pressure on the national electricity system and help set up a renewable energy market in the country, contributing to local socio-economic development, Vuong said.

Vo Quang Lam, deputy general director of Vietnam Electricity (EVN), said that energy demand continues to grow. The demand in the 2016-2020 period increased by 0.3 per cent to 11.3 per cent per year. From 2021 to 2030, it is estimated to rise by 8 per cent to 8.5 per cent each year.

 

According to the Electricity and Renewable Energy Authority, the country will lack 12,690 MW of power by 2023.

A shortage of power could occur in the southern region, with 3.7 billion kWh in 2021, increasing to nearly 10 billion kWh in 2022, and 12 billion kWh in 2023.

According to the Electricity and Renewable Energy Authority, the progress of coal-fired power projects, which have an important role in ensuring energy supply, has been slow. The projects include Long Phu 1 with capacity of 1,200 MW, Song Hau II with capacity of 2,000 MW, Long Phu III with capacity of 1,800 MW, and others.

Several other projects such as Long An 1 with capacity of 1,200 MW, Long Phu II with 1,320 MW, and Vung Ang III with 1,200 MW have been approved but have not been carried out.

Nguyen Van Ly, deputy general director of EVN Southern Power Corporation, said that energy for the southern region still depends partly on power transmitted from the north through a 500kW line because power plants in the south lack sufficient supply for growing demand.

The Government should create more preferential policies to attract investment in roof-top solar power, he said.

Lam noted that there are no regulations that address the loading and placement of solar power panels on roofs. This is another barrier for the implementation of roof-top solar power, he said.

The total power capacity in Vietnam currently is 55,000 MW. Nearly 4,300 MW of renewable energy is expected to be put into use this year.

According to the amended Power Development Master Plan VII, the capacity of the country’s energy system must reach 90,000 MW by 2025. From 2021 to 2025, the country needs to add 5,000 MW of power each year. VNS

The rush for renewable energy

The rush for renewable energy

Investment of billions of dollars into renewable energy has been a frequent topic of discussion at recent shareholders’ meetings of power companies.

Vietnamese firms show interest in developing renewable energy

Vietnamese firms show interest in developing renewable energy

While the renewable energy industry found favor among many foreign firms and foreign investment funds in the past, now, local players have become increasingly active, 

 
 

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