Saigon Securities Incorporated (SSI) believes that the highest probability for Vietnam's economy is a V-shaped recovery.
Vietnam has experienced two big crises and one mild recession in the last 12 years, and witnessed three recovery models.
The 2008-2009 crisis began when credit grew too rapidly (+ 51 percent in 2007) which caused galloping inflation in 2008 (+ 20 percent). A V-shaped recovery was seen after the crisis.
At that moment, Vietnam’s economy had good economic potential thanks to high GDP growth rates in the years before and strong capital flow after the country joined WTO. Vietnam quickly loosened monetary and fiscal policies to stimulate the economy. Central banks eased interest rates and launched QE packages that helped the world’s economy recover quickly from the 2008 global financial crisis.
The 2011-2012 was a double crisis as both fiscal and monetary policies were loosened. The inflation rate soared to 18 percent in 2011. Later, Vietnam had to tighten both fiscal and monetary policies.
|Vietnam has experienced two big crises and one mild recession in the last 12 years, and witnessed three recovery models.|
The economy saw an L-shaped recovery and the recovery process lasted five years, from 2012 to 2016.
As for the 2016-2017 recession, there were two reasons behind this: the drought caused by El Nino which caused negative growth in agriculture, and the oil price and reserves decrease as well as tensions in the East Sea which affected the mining industry.
Meanwhile, the scandal with Galaxy Note 7 in late 2016 led to a sharp fall in electronics exports.
A W-shaped recovery was reported for the recession.
With the V-shaped recovery model, the epidemic ends in the second quarter of the year and economic stimulus measures can bring high efficiency.
The epidemic ends in the third quarter under the U-shaped recovery model, and in the third or fourth quarter under the L-shaped model. Another scenario is that the epidemic ends in the second quarter but breaks out again in early 2021.
Which model for Vietnam?
The V-shaped recovery is the model most likely to happen in Vietnam, according to SSI. There are three reasons behind the prediction.
First, there is a high probability rate of the epidemic ending in summer. Most influenza epidemics end in summer.
Second, the government shows strong determination to promote growth with reasonable policies (8 highway public investment projects; banks sacrifice profits and ease interest rates).
Third, the strong economic stimulus capacity of the US, West European countries and China will help the world’s economy recover quickly.
The probability rate of a V-shaped model is the highest, but it does not stand out from other models. SSI projects the probability rates of 35-25-25-15 for V, U, L and W-shaped recovery models, respectively.
A low GDP growth rate is unavoidable in 2020 as the economy has been seriously affected by Covid-19.
With the resumption of key economic sectors' activities, such as manufacturing, services and retail, Vietnam’s economy is accelerating to get back to its normal state.