People wait for medical examination at Ho Chi Minh City Psychiatric Hospital. Photo: GL.

Of those, schizophrenia accounts for 0.47% of the population. Those with depression and anxiety make up 5-6% of the population, and the rest suffer from bipolar disorder, and mental disorders related to the use of alcohol, drugs and other addictive substances.

According to 2019 data, about 8-9% of adolescents in Vietnam had mental health problems, with a higher rate among men for behavioral disorders and among women for emotional disorders.

An epidemiological survey conducted in 10 provinces found that about 12% of children suffered from mental health problems, or more than 3 million children.

In Ho Chi Minh City, in 2022, the local Psychiatric Hospital received from 800 to 1,000 patients for health-checks each day. Those with anxiety disorders and mood disorders accounted for the highest proportion, equivalent to nearly 36% and 25% respectively.

According to 2014 statistics from the World Health Organization, Vietnam had at that time only 0.91 psychiatrists per 100,000 people, the lowest rate in the world.

Linh Giao