return icon

Passing the Coast Guard Law, China ‘probes’ the new US administration

China’s Coast Guard Law took effect only two days after Mr. Biden took office as US President.

According to the Chinese media, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the highest legislative body in China, passed the Coast Guard Law on January 22. The law came into effect on February 1, 2021. 

Accordingly, the Chinese Coast Guard is allowed to use "all necessary means" to block or avoid threats from foreign ships. The law specifies the conditions under which weapons, such as firearms, ship-mounted weapons, or aircraft weapons, can be used.


Thông qua luật Hải cảnh, Trung Quốc ‘thăm dò’ chính quyền mới của Mỹ

China's Coast Guard Law makes a lot of concern for the world


China’s Coast Guard Law took effect only two days after Mr. Biden took office as US President. Beijing's announcement of the Coast Guard Law at this time demonstrates the following issues:

First, China wants to take advantage of the opportunity. When Mr. Trump was still the US President, China would not be foolish to "anger" Mr. Trump, who always made very sudden and unpredictable decisions.

For President Biden, he is focusing on domestic issues such as the Covid-19 pandemic, the economic crisis and post-Trump political problems. This is an opportunity for China to take advantage of without fear of response from the US-China's biggest rival.

Second, this can also be seen as a "deterrence" to countries that have maritime disputes with China. China is at a sea dispute with Japan in the East China Sea and with many Southeast Asian countries in the East Sea (internationally known as the South China Sea).

Third, this is also an action to "probe" the new US government to see its interest and involvement in the East Sea.

Threats from China’s Coast Guard

China's Coast Guard Law creates a lot of concern for the world. Article 19 of this law empowers the Chinese maritime forces to use weapons when national sovereignty, sovereignty and jurisdiction are infringed by foreign organizations or individuals at sea or facing the danger of being violated illegally.

The problem is that China always makes illegal claims at large seas, including the East Sea and East China Sea.

The Chinese Coast Guard Law also allows the coast guard forces to put artificial islands illegally built by China in the East Sea (including 7 island features in the Truong Sa Archipelago (Spratly Islands) and some features in the Hoang Sa Archipelago (Paracel Islands) within its range of protection, allowing them to participate in law enforcement on all exclusive economic zones, continental shelf and even in the air.

The law even allows Chinese Coast Guard to remove foreign-built structures in waters they claim to be under "control" of this force. In addition, this force is allowed to confiscated and destroyed foreign ships if they "illegally violate the waters" of China.

The Chinese Coast Guard force has repeatedly chased away other foreign fishing vessels, sometimes leading to collisions and sinking of foreign ships. With the new law passed, it is worried that China is making the East Sea an outbreak of clashes.

China for many years has been claiming sovereignty and increasingly fierce in establishing sovereignty over most area of the East Sea.

Flaunting power

During the past time, many waters in the region have been stirred by the activities of fleets from China. In the East China Sea, Chinese ships are exploring the waters around Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands, which is controlled by Japan. In the East Sea, China turns the island features it illegally seized in Truong Sa and Hoang Sa (of Vietnam's sovereignty) into solid military bases.

The United States and its allies have sent increasingly large warships to the waters to challenge Chinese claims. The Chinese navy, the world's largest navy, is also more active than ever. However, the country's Coast Guard forces plays an increasingly important role in maritime disputes.

Thông qua luật Hải cảnh, Trung Quốc ‘thăm dò’ chính quyền mới của Mỹ

The newest ship, CCG 3901 (short for China Coast Guard), entered service in 2017.



In 2013, China merged several civil maritime law enforcement agencies with a new agency, called the Coast Guard Department. Five years later, this force is under the control of the People's Armed Police, a paramilitary force that reports to the Central Military Commission - China's supreme military agency.

In fact, this has turned the Coast Guard into a branch of the Chinese armed forces.

Currently, the Chinese Coast Guard has more than 500 ships, ranking the first in potential in the region. Japan ranks second, with 373 ships. The Philippines has 86 ships and Indonesia has 41 ships.

The Chinese ships are also stronger. One decade ago, China had only 10 ships, with displacement of at least 1,500 tons (equivalent to the size of a small warship). But by 2015, China had 51 such ships. The International Institute for Strategic Studies (a London-based consulting organization) said that China currently has 87 ships.

Many Chinese coast guard vessels are bigger than the largest warships of the navies in the region. For example, the Zhao Tou class vessel of the Chinese Coast Guard weighs 12,000 tons. The deck is large, accommodating two helicopters, one cannon 76mm and one arsenal.

China has two such ships. One ship is deployed on the east coast. The newest ship, CCG 3901 (short for "China Coast Guard"), entered service in 2017 during its first patrol in the East Sea, which is the area where it operates. The appearance of this giant ship has one purpose: China supports its sovereignty claims in the above area with such a "steel block".

China uses the Coast Guard not only to enforce conventional maritime laws but also to show strength. In 2019, when China sent the Haiyang Dizhi 8 survey ship to the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Vietnam, they dispatched a fleet of Coast Guard ships to escort it, including the CCG 3901.

In April 2020, when the Haiyang Dizhi 8 arrived in Malaysia's EEZ, the CCG 3901 was sent along.

A report released in 2019 by the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies said that 14 Chinese maritime vessels patrolling disputed island features in the East Sea broadcast their position on the automatic identification system, an international ship tracking network, to demonstrate "a clear, frequent presence of China".

The presence of Chinese Coast Guard in the East Sea is thanks to the supplies it receives from newly built outposts of China in the region.

Chinese Coast Guard ships also regularly patrol the vicinity of islands in the East China Sea and frequently enter the 12-nautical mile territorial waters around the Senkaku Islands.

Meanwhile, the Chinese Air Force is also present in the Senkaku Islands and the southern islands of Japan.

Viet Hoang

China’s Coast Guard bill: ‘a test’ for the new US President

China’s Coast Guard bill: ‘a test’ for the new US President

While the world focused on the US presidential election, tensions in the East Sea have not been relieved as provocative actions from Beijing continued.



Da Nang aims to attract ultra-wealthy

A livable city is certainly worth visiting, but a place worth visiting doesn’t mean it is livable. Da Nang City is striving to become a livable city and a destination for the ultra-wealthy.

Fake news, malicious information spread mostly via Google, Facebook

Some foreign companies providing cross-border services to Vietnam are still not preventing malicious information on their platforms.

Ministry proposes cuts to VAT, luxury taxes to help lower petrol prices

The Ministry of Finance (MOF) has submitted to the Prime Minister a plan to reduce the luxury tax and VAT on petroleum products in an effort to curb prices.

'Hop on Hop off' with Tinder Explore this summer

For the first time, young Tinder users joined an iconic double-decker bus ride, “Tinder Explore - Match Your Vibe bus", to explore exciting dating spots in HCM City.

Five local destinations win Asia’s Best Awards

Five Vietnamese destinations were named among the Top 10 leading cities and islands in the Southeast Asian region, as announced by US magazine Travel + Leisure’s Asia’s Best Awards 2022.

Vietnam to export passion fruits to China from July 1

The General Administration of Customs (GAC) of China has just approved the pilot import of Vietnamese passion fruits from July 1, according to the Vietnam Sanitary and Phytosanitary Notification Authority and Enquiry Point (SPS Vietnam).

The Moffatts and 911 schedule Hanoi performance

Some of the world’s leading bands, including The Moffatts and 911, are set to play a concert at Yen So Park-Gamuda Land in Hoang Mai district of Hanoi on August 6.

Transfermarkt names Quang Hai as local player highest market value

Vietnamese midfielder Nguyen Quang Hai has been valued at Є400,000, equal to VND10 billion, and tops the list of Vietnamese footballers with the highest market value, according to renowned German football site Transfermarkt.

Toy figurine making in Xuan La village

Xuan La village in Hanoi’s Phu Xuyen district has long been famous for making To He, a traditional toy made of rice powder. This is the only village in Vietnam that makes the toy figurine

Vietnam opposes and demands Taiwan to cancel live-fire drills on Ba Binh island

Vietnam resolutely opposes and demands Taiwan to cancel live-fire drills in the waters around Ba Binh island belonging to Vietnam’s Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelago and not to repeat similar violations in the future.

Calligraphy book on poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu recognised as world record

WorldKings and Vietkings on July 1 recognised Collection of Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s Poems, a calligraphy book on poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu as the largest calligraphy book in Vietnamese of poet Chieu's poems in the world.

Hanoi market sees strong development in premium offices

Office real estate is thriving, with new Grade A buildings entering the Hanoi market at the end of the year, according to Savills Vietnam.

Vietnam's HDPE pellets not subject to safeguarding duties in Philippines

The Philippine Tariff Commission (TC) has announced the final conclusion on a safeguard investigation on High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pellets imported from many countries, including Vietnam.

NA deputy: drug bidding mechanism is unreasonable

Pham Khanh Phong Lan, a National Assembly from HCM City, said the problems in the healthcare sector have existed for a long time but became even clearer during Covid-19.

Vietnam looks forwards to stronger investment from US, Europe

Vietnam is hoping to attract more investment from the US, Europe and major global enterprises under a recently approved strategy on foreign investment cooperation.