Provinces in the Mekong Delta are taking prompt actions to help local residents adapt to drought and saltwater intrusion during the dry season.
Xuan Hoa Sluice in Tien Giang Province’s Cho Gao District.
Every year, severe saltwater intrusion occurs in Tien Giang Province’s Tan Phu Dong District, which is located at the lower section of Tien River and between the river mouths of Tieu and Dai, according to Nguyen Quoc Khanh, chairman of the district People’s Committee.
The province has allocated more than VND26 billion (US$1.1 million) for irrigation systems to protect production and the life of local residents.
The capital is being used to dredge a total of 3,000 metres of eight canals that will be used to store fresh water, and build three new sluices that will prevent saltwater intrusion in Tan Thoi and Phu Dong communes.
It is also being used to upgrade three embankments to protect nearly 5,560 hectares of land for production, including 2,950 hectares of coconuts and more than 1,250 hectares of fruit, among others.
District authorities have urged farmers to use methods that adapt to climate change and to expand areas for vegetable cultivation in paddy fields so that water can be saved.
In areas near sea and embankments, farmers have upgraded more than 320 hectares for shrimp breeding.
In Tra Vinh Province, the Centre for Fresh Water and Rural Environmental Hygiene has built works connecting tap water supply systems and has provided devices containing fresh water for residents in areas affected by drought and saltwater intrusion.
Bui Van Mung, the centre’s director, said that more than 4,600 households lacked fresh water, most of them in remote areas in Chau Thanh, Cau Ke, and Cang Long districts.
The areas affected by saline intrusion do not have enough tap water supply stations or systems. Saltwater intrusion has increased since February, while all main sluices in the province have been closed to store fresh water and prevent saline intrusion.
Local resident Thach Sa Ri of Da Loc Commune in Chau Thanh District has been using drilled well water, but "the well has gone dry because of the lack of rain".
Mung said that the province has allocated nearly VND12 billion to expand fresh water supply systems for areas affected by drought and saltwater intrusion.
The system will provide tap water to nearly 4,000 households in the districts of Cang Long and Chau Thanh by the second quarter of the year.
For households in areas where the system’s pipeline cannot access, the centre will provide devices to contain water.
Ben Tre Province has 4,962 households that lack devices to store fresh water. Its authorities have suggested that the Viet Nam Fatherland Front Central Committee provide drinking water jugs for the poor.
Vinh Long Province has an irrigation system with more than 5,000 canals and others, more than 400 embankments and more than 6,000 sluices to ensure water for agricultural production.
The province needs VND200 billion to dredge the La Ghi-Tra Con Canal in Tra On District to serve 30,000 hectares and another VND250 billion for the Cai Ca- May Tuc irrigation system in Vung Liem District to serve 45,000 hectares. It has petitioned the Government for the assistance.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, saltwater intrusion is forecast to increase from March 7 to 15 due to high tides and be at the highest level since the beginning of the dry season. — VNS
The General Water Resources Directorate has predicted that saline intrusion in Mekong Delta this year will come earlier and be more serious than in 2015-2016.
The Mekong Delta plans to grow this year’s winter – spring rice crop early since drought and saltwater intrusion are forecast to be severe in the dry season starting at the end of this year.
Immediate measures and long-term plans should be implemented quickly to help provinces in the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta cope with drought and saline intrusion, Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Le Cong Thanh has said.