Discrepancy in PISA test results leaves Vietnam out of PISA ranking

Vietnam is not listed in the 2018 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) ranking, though it had better overall results than previous years.

On December 3, 2019, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) announced the assessment results of international students from 79 countries and territories.

Discrepancy in PISA test results leaves Vietnam out of PISA ranking



According to theh Ministry of Education and Training (MOET), Vietnam had 505 scores from reading comprehensive, the 13th highest score out of 79 countries and territories (it ranked 19th out of 65 countries in 2012 and 32nd out of 70 countries in 2015).

In mathematics, Vietnamese students had 496 scores, the 24th highest score (they ranked 17th out of 65 countries in 2012 and 22nd out of 70 countries in 2015). In science, they had 543 scores, the fourth highest score (8/65 in 2012 and 8/70 in 2015).

The strength of Vietnamese students initially found in the PISA report is in the students’ positive attitude to do the tests with a high participation rate. Vietnam is among the countries with the highest rate of students answering all the questions.

Answering the question at the end of the test about their effort to do the test, most Vietnamese students said they did so with a big effort. With the question, Vietnamese students were recognized as making the highest effort of 9.9/10.

According to theh Ministry of Education and Training (MOET), Vietnam had 505 scores from reading comprehensive, the 13th highest score out of 79 countries and territories (it ranked 19th out of 65 countries in 2012 and 32nd out of 70 countries in 2015).

However, Vietnam was not included in the 2018 ranking for two reasons.

 


First, the full international comparative report could not be completed at the publication time to include Vietnam in the international comparative data analysis. At first, OECD said it would announce Vietnam’s data in 2020 because it wanted to have more time to learn about Vietnam’s differences.

Later, because of Vietnam’s active cooperation in the data processing, in September 2019, OECD accepted to announce Vietnam’s results together with other countries on December 3, 2019.

Second, the data collected from Vietnam doesn't fit the OECD’s question/answer. theoretical model. The discrepancy is higher than other countries.

When analyzing Vietnam’s PISA data, OECD raised questions and made a strict examination over the technical process of the organization of PISA test in Vietnam. The organization sent the head of the data analysis division to Vietnam to inspect test questions, and interview officers and teachers.

After the inspection, OECD came to the conclusion that Vietnam did not make any mistake in the organization of the tests, and it did not fabricate figures.

However, the results of Vietnamese students’ answers on paper were very different in comparison with the countries implementing on computers.

There are two types of testing, on paper and computer. OECD needs to compare the results among the countries taking exams on papers and the results among the countries implementing tests on computers. 

Chi Mai

VN gets high scores but not named in PISA 2018 ranking

VN gets high scores but not named in PISA 2018 ranking

Vietnam has missed out in the ranking of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2018 despite getting high scores.  

IT Olympiad for students, int’l programming contests conclude

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