Ba Kieu Temple – a rare relic worshipping the Mother Goddess

Ba Kieu Temple, officially called Thien Tien (Heavenly Fairy) pavilion, is located on the east side of Sword Lake, facing Ngoc Son Temple in Hanoi. This is the rare relic of Hanoi and Vietnam worshipping the Mother Goddess.

Based on the surviving ancient documents and epitaph from the Later Le Restoration dynasty, the temple belonged to Ta Vong Village, Tho Xuong District, then in the mid-nineteenth century, its jurisdiction was changed to Ha Thanh Village, Dong Cac Ward, Tho Xuong District, Hanoi province. The current location of the temple is in Dinh Tien Hoang Street, Ly Thai To Ward, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi City.

The temple is dedicated to Mother Goddess Lieu Hanh and her two maidens named Quynh Hoa and Que Hoa princesses. Mother Goddess Lieu Hanh is one of the Four Immortals along with Tan Vien (the God of the Mountain), Saint Giong and Saint Chu Dong Tu in the pantheon of genii worshiped by the Vietnamese people.

Ba Kieu Temple – a rare relic worshipping the Mother Goddess
An ancient banyan tree next to Ba Kieu Temple.

The temple was built in the Later Le Restoration and expanded in the mid Canh Tri reign in the 17th century. Being made of precious materials including wood from Xua jungle and rock from Nhue mountain from Chau Ai region in central Vietnam, through the hands of skillful craftsmen, Ba Kieu Temple became really a rare architectural masterpiece. The temple was built in the shape of the 工 (gong) of Chinese characters, which comprises Dai Bai (Chamber of Ceremonies), Phuong Dinh (Fang Pavilion) and the Hau Cung (Back Chamber).
Suffering the ups and downs of history, Ba Kieu Temple was damaged and has been restored many times, but still it retains the ancient features.
 The special value of Ba Kieu Temple is created by the relics of the Le Tay Son, Nguyen dynasties it preserved until  today. First and most precious among them is a large bronze bell (94cm in height, 45cm in mouth diameter) cast in the 8th year of the Canh Thinh reign (1800). The bell was offered by the marquis of Nhuan Trach Tran Duy Ung, a dignitary under the Tay Son Dynasty. There are also four stone shafts considered to be the important historical records:
-        Hung Cong Bi (the stele of Hung Cong) erected in the 8th year of the Canh Thinh reign (1800) recording the donation of Tran Duy Ung – a mandarin under the Tay Son reign;
-        Trung Tu Huyen Chan Tu Bi Ky recording the restoration of Huyen Chan temple which was built in the 19th year of the Tu Duc reign (1866);
-        Thien Tien dien nguyen phung quan nhan the thu huong hoa Le toc to tien tong huong bi (the stele of second ancestral lineage of the Le family voluntarily receiving the hereditary care of Thien Tien pavilion and allowed by the villagers) established in the year of the Tu Duc reign (1874) records the 5 generations of the Le clan from the forefather Trong Le to the fifth Trong Tin;
-        Le toc bi ky (The stele of the Le clan) found in the 8th year of Bao Dai reign (1933) records the Le Chat Ky and Le Van An both enjoyed the worship of the local people.
Still preserved in Ba Kieu Temple are the 27 papers conferring titles on Mother Goddess Lieu Hanh and her two fairy maidens Quynh Hoa and Que Hoa. The papers are the precious and rare artifacts, especially for the Mother Goddess worshipping. Among the 27 conferring papers, three issued in 1783 or the 44th year of Canh Hung reign and other three in 1787 under the Le dynasty, three by Quang Trung under the Tay Son dynasty (1792), and other three under the reign of Canh Thinh (1793). Over the reigns of Kings Minh Menh, Thieu Tri, Tu Duc, Đong Khanh, and Duy Tan of the Nguyen dynasty, the Mother Goddess was conferred fine names and ranked among Supreme Mother Goddess.
With outstanding values, Ba Kieu Temple together with the relic complex of Ngoc Son Temple and Hoan Kiem Lake area have been the pride not only of Hanoians but also of all Vietnamese forever.  Hanoitimes

 

Thanh Dat

Banyan trees beat Hanoi’s summer heat

Banyan trees beat Hanoi’s summer heat

Hanoi is not only known for its old streets but also century-old banyan trees, which have stood against time and witnessed many historical ups and downs. 

Hanoi plans various activities in pedestrian area around Hoan Kiem Lake

Hanoi plans various activities in pedestrian area around Hoan Kiem Lake

Hanoi City’s Department of Culture and Sports has planned a wide range of cultural and arts activities to be held along the pedestrian streets in the vicinity of Hoan Kiem Lake after the area reopened for visitors.

 
 

Other News

.
Tours to world’s largest cave fully booked throughout the year
Tours to world’s largest cave fully booked throughout the year
TRAVELicon  17/03/2021 

Exclusive adventure tours taking visitors into Son Doong cave, the largest cave in the world located in Quang Binh province, are fully booked for the entirety of the year ahead.

Vietnam needs to open borders for tourism recovery: experts
Vietnam needs to open borders for tourism recovery: experts
TRAVELicon  16/03/2021 

Vietnam needs to research solutions and prepare all necessary conditions to open border for foreign tourists from July 2021, according to Nguyen Huu Tho, chairman of the Vietnam Tourism Association.

Hang Bac - The “richest” street of Hanoi
Hang Bac - The “richest” street of Hanoi
TRAVELicon  17/03/2021 

Hang Bac (silver) is considered as the “most expensive” street among 36 well-known old streets in Hanoi. It is also the cradle of the jewelry trade in the city with many interesting historical stories.

Bao Dai Waterfall: a forgotten gem
Bao Dai Waterfall: a forgotten gem
TRAVELicon  16/03/2021 

Bao Dai Waterfall is a charming natural venue hidden in a forest in Ta Hine Commune, Duc Trong District in Lam Dong Province. It is easy to access the waterfall from National Highway 28B connecting Duc Trong with Binh Thuan.

‘Com hap la sen’ takes pride of place in Hue's royal gastronomy
‘Com hap la sen’ takes pride of place in Hue's royal gastronomy
TRAVELicon  16/03/2021 

Com hap la sen (Steamed rice with lotus seeds, wrapped in a lotus leaf) was once the food of kings in the 18th century, during the Nguyen Dynasty.

Ecotourism a means to sustain Ca Mau’s bird parks
Ecotourism a means to sustain Ca Mau’s bird parks
TRAVELicon  15/03/2021 

Ecotourism development has been deemed a sustainable and realistic means of effectively preserving bird parks in the southernmost province of Ca Mau and of harmonising the interests of households managing the parks.

Vietnamese exquisite herbs and spices
Vietnamese exquisite herbs and spices
TRAVELicon  15/03/2021 

There are hard and fast rules about what spices and herbs can be used in what Vietnamese dishes and there’s no room for deviation.

Unique version of spring rolls
Unique version of spring rolls
TRAVELicon  15/03/2021 

A noodle soup with special name and special ingredients from the Mekong Delta province of Soc Trang

A trip to Tra Co communal house
A trip to Tra Co communal house
TRAVELicon  14/03/2021 

With the typical architecture of a Vietnamese communal house, the 600-year old Tra Co communal house in Tra Co ward, Mong Cai city, Quang Ninh province, has become a popular religious and tourism site for visitors.

Tours to world’s largest cave fully booked throughout the year
Tours to world’s largest cave fully booked throughout the year
TRAVELicon  14/03/2021 

Exclusive adventure tours taking visitors into Son Doong cave, the largest cave in the world located in Quang Binh province, are fully booked for the entirety of the year ahead.

Leading check-in spots in Hue City on weekend
Leading check-in spots in Hue City on weekend
TRAVELicon  14/03/2021 

Cultural and historical sites such as the Complex of Hue Monuments are among the must-visit destinations for tourists travelling to the central province of Thua Thien-Hue.

Southeastern tourism market remains stable
Southeastern tourism market remains stable
TRAVELicon  14/03/2021 

Tourism markets in the southeast region have remained dynamic thanks to appropriate changes to minimize losses amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Business-class tickets and five star hotels for VND2 million: tour prices plummet
Business-class tickets and five star hotels for VND2 million: tour prices plummet
TRAVELicon  14/03/2021 

It is cheaper than ever to travel now as prices have dropped amid the pandemic, while this time of year is usually the slowest for the tourism sector.

Banh Cuon: A delicacy with a rich history
Banh Cuon: A delicacy with a rich history
TRAVELicon  13/03/2021 

Making banh cuon (steamed rice crepe) requires skills and meticulousness.

Tour discovers culture of Ruc ethnic minority group in Quang Binh
Tour discovers culture of Ruc ethnic minority group in Quang Binh
TRAVELicon  12/03/2021 

A tour of a village inhabited by the Ruc ethnic minority group has debuted in the central province of Quang Binh.

What Vietnamese Natural Reserve on the list of CNN’s fabulous tourist destinations?
What Vietnamese Natural Reserve on the list of CNN’s fabulous tourist destinations?
TRAVELicon  12/03/2021 

Cable news network CNN has recently listed Son Tra Natural Reserve among the top 10 marvelous destinations in Vietnam in 2021.

Da Nang to debut night beach zone
Da Nang to debut night beach zone
TRAVELicon  11/03/2021 

The central city of Da Nang will pilot the My An Night Beach project in the coastal living quarter of My An of Ngu Hanh Son District from April.

Tradition winning out over tourism
Tradition winning out over tourism
TRAVELicon  10/03/2021 

Hoi An local Vo Tan Tan and his craftsmen created the Taboo Bamboo Workshop in the middle of the Cam Thanh nipa palm forest as a sustainable bamboo craft and preservation centre in the ancient town in central Vietnam.

Beauty of women in Ha Giang Province’s plateau of rocks
Beauty of women in Ha Giang Province’s plateau of rocks
TRAVELicon  10/03/2021 

Ha Giang Province locating in the remote far northern region of the country is popular as Vietnam's northernmost point. 

Con Market's food offerings attract visitors to Da Nang
Con Market's food offerings attract visitors to Da Nang
TRAVELicon  10/03/2021 

Con Market is well-known in Danang for its numerous food offerings which have attracted many visitors.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN