return icon

Vietnam listed among countries with high Human Development Index for the first time

Human rights or human development is a central issue in the development process in Vietnam. 


The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Country Representative in Vietnam, Ms. Caitlin Wiesen, highly appreciated Vietnam for its people-centered development policy, prioritizing human development and promoting equity in its development strategies and socio-economic development plans.

Numbers could talk

Việt Nam lần đầu tiên vào nhóm các nước có Chỉ số phát triển con người cao trên thế giới

Illustrative image


Human rights or human development is a central issue in the development process in Vietnam. This has been demonstrated through the Global Human Development Report 2020, which was released on December 16 in Hanoi.

According to the report, Vietnam's 2019 human development index (HDI) is 0.704. With this result, Vietnam for the first time entered the group of countries with high Human Development Index in the world (117th out of 189 countries and territories). The UNDP’s report also shows that from 1990 to 2019, Vietnam's HDI increased by nearly 46%, among the countries with the highest HDI growth rates in the world.

Notably, Vietnam's human development progress has been achieved with moderate and stable inequality. Vietnam's decrease in the HDI due to inequality in 2019 is 16.5%, the decrease in income due to inequality is 19.1% and the GINI coefficient (GINI index) is at 35.7, the lowest in East Asia and the Pacific.

In terms of quality of human development, Vietnam performs well in indicators of health, education, employment and rural development. Vietnam is among the first of three groups in terms of years of not living well in percentage of life expectancy (11.7%) and number of hospital beds (32 beds per 100,000 people). All primary school teachers are trained, rural electrification reaches 100% of the population, and unemployment is low.

Việt Nam lần đầu tiên vào nhóm các nước có Chỉ số phát triển con người cao trên thế giới

Illustrative image


The Global Human Development Report 2020 also shows that Vietnam has been well implementing gender equality. With a gender development index (GDI) of 0.997, Vietnam ranks 65th out of 162 countries and is among the top group of 5 groups in the world. In particular, the proportion of women in parliament of Vietnam is in the highest group among the three groups in the world.

UNDP Country Representative in Vietnam, Caitlin Wiesen, said that Vietnam’s high Human Development is a remarkable achievement, which creates opportunities for better and faster development in the coming period.

The country is at an important time in developing the Socio-Economic Development Strategy for the next period. So the plans made at this point of time will decide whether Vietnam will continue to grow at a low rate of inequality, and at the same time whether Vietnam can develop but reduce the pressure on the planet and enhancing human and environmental harmony or not.
HDI reflects the development of a country

The Human Development Index was first introduced by the United Nations in 1990 and it is considered as an index to assess the level of development of a country or territory.

The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. The HDI can also be used to question national policy choices, asking how two countries with the same level of GNI per capita can end up with different human development outcomes. These contrasts can stimulate debate about government policy priorities.

Việt Nam lần đầu tiên vào nhóm các nước có Chỉ số phát triển con người cao trên thế giới

Illustrative image


The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living. The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions.

The health dimension is assessed by life expectancy at birth, the education dimension is measured by mean of years of schooling for adults aged 25 years and more and expected years of schooling for children of school entering age. The standard of living dimension is measured by gross national income per capita. The HDI uses the logarithm of income, to reflect the diminishing importance of income with increasing GNI. The scores for the three HDI dimension indices are then aggregated into a composite index using geometric mean.

The HDI simplifies and captures only part of what human development entails. It does not reflect on inequalities, poverty, human security, empowerment, etc.

Taking examples of Vietnam's efforts to ensure human rights for all social subjects, Ms. Caitlin Wiesen highly appreciated that Vietnam has a clear and consistent mechanism in implementing recommendations under the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) mechanism, or the country’s ratification of the UN conventions on human rights, including the 2014 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Experts said that Vietnam’s participation in 7 out of 9 international treaties on basic human rights is an important milestone. Recently, the changes in the Penal Code, Civil Law and many other laws of Vietnam are also great strides in ensuring human rights.

In a continuous journey, the Government of Vietnam has been proactive, making efforts to implement a series of measures and amending many laws, which has helped Vietnam perform well indexes on education, health, employment, rural development issues.

Vietnam is recognized as one of the world's most successful models in poverty alleviation, as evidenced by the fact that Vietnam has reduced the poverty rate by more than half in just a decade. Vietnam’s model has been adopted by many countries.

In Vietnam today, the official press force is very large. Vietnamese people have accessed to information and communication systems and in fact the internet usage in Vietnam is very high, up to 70% of the population. The development of the internet in Vietnam is not only for study, information inquiry, knowledge expansion, but also the realization of human rights. This can be seen through the implementation of civil rights, or the right to participate in contributing opinions to draft policies and laws, and giving comments to the documents of the Party Congress.

These vivid achievements are the basis for the continuous improvement of the human development index in Vietnam.

Hoa Binh



An unusual cemetery where pets can be remembered

Thousands of pets have been laid to rest in the burial ground of Tề Đồng Vật Ngã Pagoda. Founded 50 years ago, it is a peaceful place in downtown Hanoi where animal lovers can pay their last respects to their beloved pets.

Hanoi examines, revokes pending projects

Hanoi needs to remove barriers and obstacles preventing growth.

Trade remedies to Thai sugar boost domestic recovery

After the Vietnamese imposition of anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties, the volume of Thai sugar imported to Viet Nam hit a four-year low in Q1 of 2022, speeding up the recovery of domestic sugar.

Where to go and what to do in Hanoi for locals and tourists?

Famous tourist attractions in Hanoi and tours between the capital city and neighboring provinces will help turn the visits on the occasion of the 31st SEA Games into memorable experiences.

Lowering logistics costs key to competitiveness

Lowering logistics costs is key to increasing the competitiveness of Vietnam’s export products and the whole economy.

Banks urged to ‘sacrifice’ profit to rescue businesses

Many commercial banks have set high profit targets, which makes it difficult to reduce lending interest rates. However, there is still room for banks to cut interest rates if they can accept lower profits.

Vietnam eyes 15-day visa exemption from Russia

Vietnam's Trade Counsellor in Russia Duong Hoang Minh has proposed the Russian Government consider exempting visas for Vietnamese tourists for 15 days, in the context that it has exempted visas for visitors from Laos and Thailand for 30 days.

Pets banned on Hanoi pedestrian street

The walking of pets on Hoan Kiem pedestrian area in Hanoi will be entirely banned from May 27.

Doctors warn of ‘precocious puberty’ condition and parents’ misuse of medicine

Since 2003, nearly 3,000 children have been brought to the National Children’s Hospital to receive treatment related to precocious puberty, according to Nguyen Ngoc Khanh of the hospital’s Department of Endocrinology - Metabolism - Genetics.


SEA Games 31: Swimmer Nguyen Huy Hoang shines with two more golds for Vietnam on May 19

USAID helps ease congestion at Cat Lai container port

The USAID and the General Department of Vietnam Customs unveiled an action plan comprising of 21 solutions aimed at improving the operational efficiency of Cat Lai container port, during a workshop held on May 19 in HCM City.

Former Deputy Health Minister gets four years in jail in fake medicine case

Former Deputy Health Minister Truong Quoc Cuong was given four years in jail in the first-instance trial of the case relating to the trading of counterfeit medicine labelled as Health 2000 Canada.

HCM City real estate: more high-end property, but fewer affordable products

For high-end large-scale projects and developers with projects that need to borrow capital, HCM City People’s Committee believes that it’s necessary to strengthen supervision over the granting of credit.

Korea resumes granting visas to Vietnamese tourists

The Republic Korea (RoK)’s Ministry of Justice announced on May 19 the issuance of tourist visas for international travelers, including Vietnamese visitors.

SSC officials disciplined in move to ‘clean’ the stock market

The Central Inspection Commission has announced the expulsion of Le Hai Tra, General Director of the HCM City Stock Exchange (HOSE), and has disciplined a number of leaders and former leaders of the State Securities Commission (SSC).