return icon Vietnamnet.vn

Vietnam succeeds in producing world’s first vaccine against African Swine Fever

“We have succeeded. Vietnam is the first country in the world to produce a vaccine against African Swine Fever (ASF),” Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Phung Duc Tien said at a press conference about the disease.

In February 2019, two ASF hotbeds were found in Vietnam. ASF had existed for the last century, threatening the world as the disease spread through many different channels, while there was no vaccine or medicine to treat it. All infected pigs died. 

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Xuan Cuong, when he was in office, said that no other epidemic had caused such a big impact as ASF. 

Veterinary quarantine posts were set up everywhere. Barns and alleys in the countryside turned white because of lime powder. The Prime Minister asked that the battle be like “fighting the enemy".

Seven months after the first hotbed was found, by September 2019, the ASF epidemic had spread to all provinces and major cities. In April and May 2019, when the epidemic reached a peak, so many pigs had died that some localities complained that no land was left to bury the dead pigs.

At that time, provincial leaders were worried as the costs needed to cull the pigs were too expensive for local budgets.

A report from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development found that about 6 million pigs had been culled as of May 2020 because of ASF, which caused a loss of VND12 trillion, while prevention and control of the epidemic cost VND13.3 trillion.

However, the farmers whose pigs did not get infected with ASF also suffered. Because of ASF, many people did not eat pork, which caused low sales. As a result, pork prices dropped dramatically to VND25,000-28,000 per kilogram.

The epidemic was controlled by the end of 2019, but the consequences were serious. Because of pork shortages, pork prices rose dramatically.

Facing unprecedented prices, in late November 2019, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) convened an urgent meeting with localities and leading livestock companies to discuss stabilizing pork prices and increasing supply as the Tet holiday neared.

The shortage pushed live pork prices from VND42,000 per kilogram to VND90,000 in August 2019 – February 2020. In May 2020, the price hit VND100,000 per kilogram.

Vietnamese people consume 3.8 million tons of pig yearly, which accounts for 70 percent of the food basket. This explains why the pork price escalation seriously affected tens of millions of families.

In late 2020, the pork price fell and a new price was established. The pork price has been at high levels since then.

Vaccine

Three years have elapsed since the first ASF hotbed was discovered, but farmers still have bad memories.

However, the ASF disaster will not happen again as Vietnam has announced that it has successfully manufactured an ASF vaccine with the commercial name NAVET-ASFVAC. 

“This is our pride. Vietnam is the first country in the world to successfully produce an ASF vaccine,” Tien said.

There have been more than 4,000 research works related to ASF virus and vaccine development, but there has not been commercial vaccine.

According to Nguyen Van Long, acting director of the Department of Animal Health, when the first hotbed appeared in Vietnam, the then Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Xuan Cuong affirmed that Vietnam needs to produce vaccine for all it is worth, stressing that this is the key method avoid the historical disaster.

In February 2020, the research of vaccine began with the cooperation of American experts. NAVET-ASFVAC vaccine has been proved as meeting requirements for commercial circulation in the market. The immunity lasts 6 months.

Countries in the world have lost hundreds of billions of USD because of ASF and the figure was VND30 trillion for Vietnam.

Pig farming in Vietnam is the $10 billion industry and it is the livelihood of millions of farmers. Therefore, the successful production of ASF vaccine has special significance.


Tam An

MORE NEWS

Vietnam to become the worlds chip production center

In the first eight months of this year, phones and electronic components have the most prominent export turnover in our country, reaching nearly 40 billion USD.

Currency stable amid fresh Fed hike

Despite the US Federal Reserve’s latest interest rate hike, the Vietnamese currency has seen only limited depreciation when compared to the currencies of its regional partners.

Typhoon Noru causes property losses to central Vietnam

Super typhoon Noru weakened into a tropical depression after entering the central region of Vietnam Tuesday night, damaging houses and uprooting trees.

Vietnam among world’s best performers in digital banking: Official

Vietnam is among the world’s best performers in digital banking, with around 15 trillion VND in total poured into digital transformation, said Le Anh Dung, Deputy Director of the State Bank of Vietnam’s Payment Department.

Vietnam to eliminate dog-transmitted rabies deaths by 2030

Vietnam needs to adopt lessons learned and work closely with local governments to ensure fewer deaths from rabies.

Huge profits expected from industrial real estate sector

Many businesspeople are pouring money into industrial real estate projects amid Vietnam’s macroeconomic stability and its position as a favorite destination for foreign investors.

3.8 million hectares of rice will be under open plan, not fixed: minister

Vietnam’s agriculture is experiencing a restructuring in order to increase seafood and fruit production, and to decrease rice production.

Interest subsidy package and tourism development receive VND18.5 trillion

The prime minister has decided to provide extra funding to the tourism development fund and the preferential credit package access to soft loans with an interest rate discount of two percentage points.

State Bank of Vietnam drains VND57.6 trillion from market

The State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) withdrew a net amount of VND57.6 trillion from the market to keep liquidity in the banking system scantly sufficient, which is an apparent move to buoy interest rates.

Vietnam grosses US$77 billion from phone, component, and electronic exports

Vietnam raked in approximately US$77 billion from the export of phones, components and computers, electronic products and spare parts during the opening eight months of the year, according to the Ministry of Industry and Trade.

Vietnam invests nearly US$400 million abroad over nine-month period

Vietnam’s new and adjusted investment capital overseas during the initial nine months of the year reached nearly US$398.3 million, according to details given by the Ministry of Planning and Investment.

PM calls on Warburg Pincus to increase investments in Vietnam

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh on September 28 suggested the US-based global growth investor Warburg Pincus to further its effective coordination with Vietnamese agencies to increase long-term and sustainable investment in the Southeast Asian nation.

Cuban Prime Minister arrives, begins official friendship visit

Cuban Prime Minister Manuel Marrero Cruz leading a high-level Government delegation of Cuba arrived in Hanoi late September 28, beginning an official friendship visit to Vietnam at the invitation of his Vietnamese counterpart Pham Minh Chinh.

Crab noodle soup: A must-try specialty of Quang Ninh

Quang Ninh is widely known for the UNESCO world heritage site, Ha Long Bay, but few know about its famed crab noodle soup.

Video of injured foreigner helped by 'tattooed man' goes viral

A video featuring a Vietnamese man talking in a friendly manner with a foreign man in a hospital has gone viral.
back_to_top