return icon

Water shortage, saline intrusion forecast to be serious this year

Many regions across the country, especially the Central Highlands and Mekong Delta, face risks of water shortage, drought and saline intrusion next month, according to hydro-meteorology experts.

A pond reserving fresh water to prepare the upcoming drought. Photo: VNA

Many regions across the country, especially the Central Highlands and Mekong Delta, face risks of water shortage, drought and saline intrusion next month, according to hydro-meteorology experts.

The most fierce saline intrusion might occur in Mekong Delta region from February 9 to 15, coinciding with the Tet (Lunar New Year) holiday which may lead to a lack of fresh water.

Water sources from February to July in the river basins in the northern region have been forecast to reduce 20-50 percent, with the Thao and Lo rivers set to suffer most seriously, said Hoang Phuc Lam, Vice Director of the National Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting (NCHMF).

In February, the basin of the Hong (Red) River would be 10-20 percent lower than the average levels of previous years.

The lowest water level in Hong River is forecast at 0.2-0.3m in February and March.

From June to July, there will be small and medium floods, with a peak at alarm level 1.

Similarly, in the central and Central Highlands regions, from the second half of January to April, the water levels in the rivers had changed slowly and follow a downward trend.

The water levels of rivers in the provinces of Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Quang Tri, Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan could be 20-50 percent lower than in the same period last year.

From May to July, upstream rivers in central and Central Highlands regions are likely to change slowly and fluctuate according to the actions of reservoirs.

The flow discharge on most rivers in regions will be about 10-50 percent, much lower than the usual average.

Rivers in Nghe An, Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan will be much lower than average by more than 50 percent.

“With the trend, the risks of water shortage and drought were likely to occur in provinces of Nghe An, Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan and Central Highlands provinces from March to April, and then spread to other central provinces,” said Lam.

In terms of saline intrusion this year, Vu Duc Long, NCHMF’s Vice Director, said the upstream flow towards the Mekong Delta region was decreasing so saline intrusion would increase from the end of this month.

The International Mekong River Commission also stated the total flow in February from the upper Mekong River in Cambodia to the delta region will be 5-15 percent less than the average volume, and from March to May, the flow will reach the average volume.

The water level of the Mekong River in the dry season this year will vary with the tide and be 0.1-0.3m higher than average.

The severest saline intrusion at the mouth of the Mekong River is likely to happen from mid-February to late March.

For the Vam Co and Cai Lon rivers, saline intrusion is forecast in March and April and then will gradually decrease.

The range of saline intrusion at the estuaries of the Mekong River will be about 55-75km.

Saline intrusion in the region depends on the water source from the upper Mekong River, high tide and many other changes, according to the NCHMF.

Therefore, the centre recommended localities in the delta region stay updated on hydro-meteorological forecasts and take proactive measures to prevent droughts and saline intrusion.  VNA

Central Highlands: Drought drives people to risk life digging for deep wells

Central Highlands: Drought drives people to risk life digging for deep wells

Many people in the central province of Gia Lai are risking their life digging for wells without proper equipment as drought continues.

Saline intrusion in Mekong Delta forecast to be severe during Tet

Saline intrusion in Mekong Delta forecast to be severe during Tet

A severe period of saltwater intrusion in the Mekong Delta due to lower water levels upstream is expected to fall from February 8 to 16 as Vietnam celebrates the Lunar New Year (Tet) festival.


Corporate bond market struggling with challenges

The size of the corporate bond market is estimated at some VND1,374 trillion, equivalent to 15% of GDP. The Government aims to raise this figure to 20% by 2025.

President requires greater efforts to promote value of Ngoc Linh ginseng

Ngoc Linh ginseng deserves the "National treasure" title, and it is necessary to strongly promote the role of this treasure in improving people's livelihoods, President Nguyen Xuan Phuc said .

EVFTA outpaces CPTPP in preference utilisation rate

The utilisation rate of tax incentives set out in the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) during Q1 soared by over 32%, representing a four-fold rise compared to the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).

Refusal to issue visas to new VN passport causes problems for travel firms

The rejection of Vietnam’s new passport by some EU member countries is affecting HCM City tourism companies since their customers are unable to travel to those countries.

Vietnam set to scrap COVID quarantine for imported processed seafood

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has removed COVID-related quarantine requirements for frozen processed seafood products imported for the purpose of reprocessing for export.

HCM City seeks to boost technology transfer from universities

Huynh Kim Tuoc, managing director of Sai Gon Innovation Hub's (SiHub) Start-up Support Centre under the HCM City Department of Science and Technology, affirmed Vietnam holds tremendous potential for technology development

Vigilance urged against COVID-19 amid emergence of new epidemics

Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh asked ministries, agencies and localities to maintain vigilance against COVID-19 while addressing a meeting in Hanoi on Saturday.

Vietnamese, British agencies coordinate in identifying fire victims

The Consular Department under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Vietnamese Embassy in the UK will continue to coordinate with Vietnamese and British agencies to identify victims in a blaze in Greater Manchester on May 7.

Photo contest highlighting beauty of Vietnamese islands kicks off

Professional and amateur photographers across Vietnam are encouraged to compete in a photo contest highlighting the beauty of Vietnamese Hoang Sa and Truong Sa islands.

Enjoying Quang-style noodle soup in the place where it was born

Phu Chiem Village in Dien Phuong Commune, Dien Ban District, Quang Nam Province, is where the popular Quang-style noodle soup was first created. And where better to taste this specialty than the place where it was born.

Exploring hidden spots on Co To Island

Aside from white sand, the blue sea and fresh air, Co To Island in Quang Ninh Province has several other beautiful spots that are worth a visit.

Vietnamese leaders extend sympathy to Cuba over oil tank explosion

Top Vietnamese leaders have sent messages of sympathy to their Cuban counterparts over severe losses caused by a massive blaze in an oil storage facility in Cuba’s province of Matanzas on August 5.

CNN reporter loves Vietnamese fish sauce

Chris Dwyer, a reporter for CNN, says he has loved Vietnamese fish sauce made in Phu Quoc (South Vietnam), though it was not easy to taste at the beginning.

Apple CEO Tim Cook appreciates Vietnam market potential

Vietnam, together with Brazil, Indonesia and India that are emerging markets, have made practical contributions to Apple’s group’s outstanding performance in the second quarter of this year, said CEO Tim Cook.

Electronics manufacturers ‘forget’ to recall or recycle used products

Large electronics manufacturers are still not willing to participate in the collecting and recycling of electronic waste to ensure a good living environment for people.