While most farm export items met with difficulties in the first months of the year, rice exports unexpectedly soared as the world increased its reserves.
The US Department of Agriculture’s January report showed that rice output in many countries will decrease in the 2019-2020 crop.
China and India are expected to see big rice output decreases by 1.8 million tons to 146.7 million tons and 1.4 million tons to 115 million tons, respectively, because of the growing area decrease.
They are the two biggest rice producers in the world, which provide more than half of the global output.
|While most farm export items met with difficulties in the first months of the year, rice exports unexpectedly soared as the world increased its reserves.|
The rice output of the US is also expected to decrease by 1.2 million tons because of the low exploitation area in the south.
Global consumption is predicted to reach a record of 493.8 million tons, a modest decrease of 0.2 million tons compared with November’s report, but 1 percent higher than one year ago. Global reserves will be at a record of 177.8 million tons in the 2019-2020 season, up by 4.6 million tons from a year ago.
Vietnam is among a few countries with advantages in rice production and export, and it can increase export volume at competitive prices.
The latest report of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) found that the rice export in the first two months of 2020 reached 890,000 tons, an increase of 27 percent compared with the same period last year, worth $410 million, up by 32.6 percent.
Vietnam’s 5 percent broken rice price soared to $380 per ton, a record high since December 2018. Vietnam has very little 5 percent IR 50404 to sell, while the rice has increased by $30-40 percent in price.
The price has also escalated in the domestic market. Exporters have collected wet rice at the fields at VND4,400-5,400 per kilogram, or VND300-500 per kilogram higher than earlier this crop.
Vo Tong Xuan, a respected rice export expert, believes that Vietnam will enjoy a bumper year this year with big export amount and good prices.
In general, rice production depends heavily on weather conditions. Thailand, the second biggest rice exporter, is suffering because of drought. The rice output of the country is predicted to fall by 2 million tons. The Philippines and Indonesia lack rice and have had to import big volumes from Vietnam.
Drought and saline intrusion are also occurring in Vietnam, but only 28,000 hectares of rice have been hit.
According to Xuan, as Covid-19 has been escalating, the demand from other countries, especially China, will increase, which is an opportunity for Vietnam to boost exports.
Hundreds of hectares of rice fields in Binh Thuan Commune, Binh Dinh Province are being abandoned due to serious drought.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) has called on provinces in the south-central coastal and Central Highlands regions to take measures to minimise the impacts of drought on summer-autumn crops.