return icon Vietnamnet.vn

High-speed railways and Vietnam's options

High-speed railways in countries around the world currently run at a speed of 200-250km/hour. Vietnam plans to have a high-speed railway system in the next 10 years, but so far it has not yet been able to choose technology and train speed.

In the draft railway planning to 2030 with a vision to 2050, the Ministry of Transport proposed a new investment plan for the North-South high-speed railway from now to 2040. Accordingly, trains will run at a design speed of 350km/h, carrying only passengers. The existing railway system will be upgraded to transport goods.

In phase 1, from now to 2032, Vietnam will invest in the Hanoi - Vinh and Nha Trang - Ho Chi Minh City sections to put into operation in 2030. Total investment capital for these segments only is more than VND561.5 trillion ($24.4 billion).

However, the Ministry of Planning and Investment recently proposed that the Ministry of Transport consider upgrading the existing railway system to operate both freight and passenger trains, with train speeds below 200km/h, and a total investment of $26 billion.

Relevant agencies are considering the two plans to submit to the Government for consideration before presenting to the National Assembly for approval.

However, the most popular train speed globally is still around 200-250 km/h. Some countries like Japan, China, France are researching to increase train speed to 400-500 km/h.

Popular high-speed railway systems

Đường sắt cao tốc và những lựa chọn của Việt Nam

Japan’s Shinkansen system

 

Japan’s Shinkansen system: In 1964, the first high-speed railway route in the world connected Tokyo to Osaka (Japan) with a length of 515 km. At first, trains ran at a maximum speed of 210 km/h but the speed increased to 285 km/h. The Shinkansen system stretches from Kagoshima in Kyushu to Shin Hakodate-Hokuto in Hokkaido, with some segments designed to operate at 320 km/h. The common speed throughout the Shinkansen system is 200 km/h.

The Japan Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI) believes that the Shinkansen not only has had a great impact on Japan's economy and society, but has also paved the way for a series of technical innovations.

Within more than 50 years of operation, serving more than 10 billion passengers, the Shinkansen high-speed rail network has never had an accident that caused death or injury. This is considered the safest and busiest railway system in the world.

In 2019, Japan tested trains running at 360 km/h - a record for Shinkansen trains. The high-speed railway is one of Japan's national proudest achievements. It not only has a strong impact on the Japanese people but also the whole world, creating opportunities for railways in the world to innovate.

France’s hi-speed railway system: the country started construction of the 409km route from Paris - Sud-Est to Lyon in 1977. The first segment opened in 1981 with a maximum train speed of 260 km/h. In 1989, France opened phase 1 of the Atlantique expressway. This is the first route designed for trains to run at 300 km/h. Since 2007, TGV trains have run at 320 km/h on new railway routes.

China has the longest high-speed rail system in the world with 29,000 km stretching across the country. Chinese railways account for two-thirds of the total global commercial high-speed rail length.

China's high-speed trains usually run at 300-350 km/h. When they carry both passengers and cargo, the maximum speed is 200-250 km/h. This country plans to increase the speed to 600 km/h after the electromagnetic train system is successfully trialed this year.

Đường sắt cao tốc và những lựa chọn của Việt Nam

France’s TGV 4402 train.

 

Vietnam's choice

Vietnam currently has an outdated railway system. The construction of a modern high-speed railway is an inevitable requirement. Deputy Transport Minister Nguyen Ngoc Dong said that when choosing the plan to build a railway system worth US$58.7 billion instead of US$26 billion with a speed of 200 km/h as suggested by the Ministry of Planning and Investment, the Ministry of Transport considered a long-term project to increase the speed to 350 km/h.

Upgrading the existing railway to double track, gauge 1435mm, will face many difficulties because it is almost all new construction. The cost of land clearance is large, because the existing railways running through many urban areas. In addition, transporting both passengers and cargo has a potential risk of accidents, is inefficient, and is not in line with world trends. The Ministry of Transport cited the report of the consultant, which says that upgrading the current railway system as suggested by the Ministry of Planning and Investment would need about $40 billion.

Dang Quyet Tien, Director of the Department of Corporate Finance of the Ministry of Finance, said that the construction of a high-speed railway system will create an impetus for the development of many industries such as construction and high-tech development.

Vu Anh Minh, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Vietnam Railways Corporation, acknowledged that the importance of high-speed rail investment is not the value of the investment capital but the effectiveness of the project to decide on whether to invest. If the investment efficiency is high, then $100 billion is worthy.

Vu Diep

Choose railways or airports

Choose railways or airports

Many provinces have proposed building their own airports, but if there are high-speed rail routes, many people will not choose to fly a 300-500km distance.

Hanoi advised to follow Japan’s urban railway model

Hanoi advised to follow Japan’s urban railway model

The Tokyo-Tshukoba urban railway line was funded by converting land in 18 projects along the route. The land price in these areas soared from $1 per square meter to $5,000.

 

MORE NEWS

Samsung emerges as largest foreign investor in Vietnam

Vietnam has attracted more than US$14 billion in foreign direct investment (FDI) in the first half of 2022, and electronic giant Samsung has attained its position as the largest investor thanks to its additional large-scale investments.

VIETNAM BUSINESS NEWS JULY 1

Vietnam’s economic growth accelerates on back of exports, manufacturing: Bloomberg

Some 155 Vietnamese athletes to partake in ASEAN Para Games 2022

The ASEAN Para Games 2022 is a qualifier for athletes to win tickets to Paralympic Paris 2024.

Anti-corruption drive - an irreversible trend in Vietnam, says Party leader

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong reiterated the Party’s strong stance on combatting corruption among ranking officials while addressing an anti-corruption conference in Hanoi on June 30, stating that it will be an enduring policy.

Vietnam’s African swine fever vaccine to be widely used by late 2022

The vaccination is expected to be carried out in Vietnam from July to the end of this year.

Noi Bai International Airport’s domestic flight volume grows rapidly

Noi Bai International Airport’s domestic flight volume has been growing rapidly, 40 per cent higher than the peak time of summer in 2019, before the COVID-19 pandemic.

Magazines exceeding their functions need to be eliminated: journalist

Many magazines go beyond their functions and produce content beyond the principles and purposes stated in licenses.

Investors to be able to trade stocks on T+2 settlement cycle

According to the new draft, securities will be transferred to investors' accounts within the trading hours of T+2.

Vietnam jumps eight notches in international beauty ranking

Vietnam has moved up eight positions to 42nd in the grand slam ranking for beauty over the past two years, announced international beauty site Globalbeauties.

Thailand Fashion Week 2022 features Vietnamese culture

A Vietnamese collection imbued with Vietnamese culture dubbed 'Sounds Of Vietnamese And Colours Of Five Continents' kicked off Thailand Fashion Week in Bangkok on June 30.

Small alleys offer authentic taste of Hanoi cuisine

Small and sneaky alleys in the Hanoi Old Quarter not only offer enjoyable experiences of the capital city’s time-honoured culture but also the authentic taste of Hanoi cuisine.

Vietnam urged to upgrade to attract big rubber funding

Vietnam’s rubber industry is exerting every effort to meet global sustainability standards.

Fish-sauce exports have great international potential: MARD

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) believes that the fish sauce industry has great potential to develop like the wine industry.

Rumor on former Minister of Health’s suicide in prison denied

Amid the rumors about former Minister of Health Nguyen Thanh Long and former Director of Hanoi Heart Hospital Nguyen Quang Tuan suicided in prison, a police official confirmed that it is fake news.

Vietnam continues to be one of the top FDI receivers in ASEAN

Vietnam continues to be a magnet to foreign direct investment (FDI) in ASEAN as it is transforming into a production base for tech giants.
back_to_top