Agricultural production poses environmental risk for Vietnam: expert

The growth of agricultural production in recent years comes at higher environmental costs, an expert told a conference in HCMC today, June 18.

Agricultural production poses environmental risk for Vietnam: expert
A farmer harvests rice in the Mekong Delta region. The current agricultural production system has seen an increasing use of fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals

The conference was aimed at assessing the two-year execution of the Government’s Resolution 120 on sustainable and climate-resilient development in the Mekong Delta.

Pham Hoang Van, a representative of the World Bank in Vietnam, said that the country’s agricultural sector had improved its productivity and output as well as greatly contributed to national food security, poverty reduction and trade for the past 25 years.

With regard to the Mekong Delta, she highlighted improvements in intensive rice farming, aquaculture expansion and fruit production as well as the trade of these products.

Progress in productivity, output and agricultural exports is better than improvement in efficiency, farmers’ welfare and product quality, she said.

Vietnam has yet to catch up with other regional countries in terms of issues related to the productivity of agricultural labor and of water usage.

“The gap between agricultural and nonagricultural incomes is growing and income inequality is increasing in rural areas,” she said, pointing out that most of Vietnam’s agricultural products are sold in raw form and fall into the low- or medium-quality segment of the international market.

“Vietnam’s agricultural growth has so far been dependent on production expansion or further increases in the use of land and other natural resources as well multiple fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals,” Van explained.

Given these factors, she expressed concern that the growth of the sector would have a negative environmental impact, such as deforestation, destruction of aquatic resources, land degradation and water pollution. This growth, she said, is reliant on labor productivity, natural resources and chemicals.

As such, these production methods are unsustainable, so the agricultural sector in the Mekong Delta and across Vietnam needs to raise its value and reduce its input materials, according to Van.

 

In her view, this will bring considerable benefits to farmers, consumers and the ecosystem by using less land, water, labor, fertilizers, chemicals and energy, while reducing greenhouse gases, pollution and waste.

Also, this requires changes in land use and production and calls for the effective organization of value chains as well as ensuring the sales of products are aligned with market needs.

Professor Vo Tong Xuan, a well-known agronomist now serving as president of South Can Tho University, said at the event that the Government’s Resolution 120 on sustainable and climate-resilient development in the Mekong Delta, issued two years ago, does not force farmers to grow rice any more.

“Over the past 40 years, farmers have had to grow rice due to pressure to meet their assigned gross domestic product (GDP) targets,” Xuan said, adding that GDP was also calculated based upon the output of rice.

For a successful transformation, he said that the Ministry of Planning and Investment needs to speed up the execution of the resolution’s integrated regional master plan, and farmers need to produce good, sustainable materials. There are businesses that will purchase their commodities and process them into high-quality products, he added. SGT

Trung Chanh

Agriculture Ministry warns of armyworm spread

Agriculture Ministry warns of armyworm spread

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has reported to the prime minister on the spread of the exotic fall armyworm in many localities of the country.

Big investors begin to profit from investments in agriculture

Big investors begin to profit from investments in agriculture

Big investors begin to profit from investments in agriculture

Heroes of the eco-agriculture movement

Heroes of the eco-agriculture movement

Heroes of the eco-agriculture movement

 
 

Other News

.
Assam flooding: Several rare rhinos die in India's Kaziranga park
Assam flooding: Several rare rhinos die in India's Kaziranga park
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  19/07/2020 

Eight one-horned rhinos have been killed after rains left 85% of the Kaziranga park under water.

National Eureka Award research competition launched
National Eureka Award research competition launched
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  19/07/2020 

The Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union on July 16 launched the 22nd annual Eureka Award competition for all Vietnamese students who have a passion for scientific research and are studying at universities, colleges and institutions.

Hanoi residents ask for long-term solution over waste collection
Hanoi residents ask for long-term solution over waste collection
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  17/07/2020 

Big heaps of waste that have appeared beside roads in Hanoi’s inner districts for several days are expected to be cleared up by Friday, as people living around the Nam Son landfill agreed to stop blocking the way to the city’s biggest dump.

ASEAN Smart Cities Network 2019 conference held in Bangkok
ASEAN Smart Cities Network 2019 conference held in Bangkok
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  18/07/2020 

Minister of Construction Pham Hong Ha chaired the 3rd conference of the ASEAN Smart Cities Network (ASCN) on July 17, in the form of a video conference.

Fierce battle for Southeast Asia’s over-the-top crown
Fierce battle for Southeast Asia’s over-the-top crown
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  18/07/2020 

Southeast Asia’s over-the-top media market remains a tough arena for both foreign and Vietnamese players due to fierce competition and the sheer number of companies involved.

Three ivory traffickers sentenced to 32 years in jail
Three ivory traffickers sentenced to 32 years in jail
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  17/07/2020 

Hanoi People’s Court on Thursday sentenced three men to a total of 32 years in jail for trading over 200kg of ivory from African elephants – an endangered species.

Climate change: Summers could become 'too hot for humans'
Climate change: Summers could become 'too hot for humans'
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  17/07/2020 

Rising global temperatures could see summers that are too hot to work in.

Coronavirus: Russian spies target Covid-19 vaccine research
Coronavirus: Russian spies target Covid-19 vaccine research
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  17/07/2020 

Russian spies are targeting organisations trying to develop a coronavirus vaccine in the UK, US and Canada, security services have warned.

Twitter hack: FBI investigates major attack
Twitter hack: FBI investigates major attack
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  17/07/2020 

Hackers managed to hijack official accounts of high-profile US figures in an apparent Bitcoin scam.

Many rivers in northern provinces still polluted: Environment administration
Many rivers in northern provinces still polluted: Environment administration
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  17/07/2020 

Rivers in northern provinces are severely polluted, according to the Vietnam Environment Administration's report released recently.

Extreme natural calamities cause big concerns for Vietnam
Extreme natural calamities cause big concerns for Vietnam
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  19/07/2020 

Natural disasters in the first six months of the year killed 47 people and caused damages worth VND3.4 trillion.

No Tokyo, but flame still burns brightly in athletes’ dreams
No Tokyo, but flame still burns brightly in athletes’ dreams
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  16/07/2020 

The Olympic Games, one of the most-anticipated sporting events on the planet, was originally scheduled to start later this month in Tokyo but was postponed to July 2021 because of the coronavirus pandemic.

A gaur killed at Cat Tien National Park
A gaur killed at Cat Tien National Park
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  16/07/2020 

Cat Tien National Park Management and police in Dong Nai province, southern Vietnam, are hunting for four poachers suspected of killing a gaur, a rare and precious species of animals in Vietnam.

How should wind power be developed in Vietnam?
How should wind power be developed in Vietnam?
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  17/07/2020 

Around 12,000 MW of wind power has been added to the national power development plan, which has raised concern about the overloading of the transmission grid.

Endangered sea turtle returns to the sea after rescue
Endangered sea turtle returns to the sea after rescue
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  15/07/2020 

The Cham Island’s Marine Protected Area (MPA) management board has released a female Olive Ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys Olivacea) – an endangered species – after five months of care at the Da Nang-based SaSa Marine animal rescue team.

Hanoi faces rubbish pile-up following compensation dispute
Hanoi faces rubbish pile-up following compensation dispute
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  15/07/2020 

Rubbish has piled up on Hanoi streets after local people living near a local dumping site gathered to block trucks from entering the waste treatment complex.

Crowd blocks way to Nam Son landfill for land clearance and compensation
Crowd blocks way to Nam Son landfill for land clearance and compensation
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  15/07/2020 

A crowd of 15-20 people in two communes of Nam Son and Hong Ki in Hanoi’s Soc Son District on Monday night made makeshift tents, blocking the way to the Nam Son Waste Treatment Complex or Nam Son dumping ground.

Smart City Asia 2020 slated for September 3-5
Smart City Asia 2020 slated for September 3-5
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  15/07/2020 

The 2020 edition of the international forum and exhibition Smart City Asia will take place in HCM City from September 3 to 5, heard a press conference held by the Vietnam Digital Communications Association (VDCA) in Hanoi on July 14.

UNESCO launches programme seeking innovative ideas for ocean without plastic in Vietnam
UNESCO launches programme seeking innovative ideas for ocean without plastic in Vietnam
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  14/07/2020 

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) in cooperation with the Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An World Biosphere Reserve officially launched in Hanoi on July 14 a call for Youth Innovative Ideas for an Ocean without Plastic.

‘Make in Vietnam’ Vsmart Aris 5G mobile phone in international press
‘Make in Vietnam’ Vsmart Aris 5G mobile phone in international press
SCI-TECH & ENVIRONMENTicon  15/07/2020 

News about the launch of Vsmart Aris 5G smartphone made in Vietnam by VinSmart has appeared in Forbes, The New York Times, Reuters and The Star.

 
 
 
Leave your comment on an article

OR QUICK LOGIN